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Rutherford County, Tennessee

Rutherford County, Tennessee
Seal of Rutherford County, Tennessee
Seal
Map of Tennessee highlighting Rutherford County
Location in the state of Tennessee
Map of the United States highlighting Tennessee
Tennessee's location in the U.S.
Founded October 25, 1803
Named for Griffith Rutherford[1]
Seat Murfreesboro
Largest city Murfreesboro
Area
 • Total 624 sq mi (1,616 km2)
 • Land 619 sq mi (1,603 km2)
 • Water 4.7 sq mi (12 km2), 0.8%
Population
 • (2010) 262,604
 • Density 424/sq mi (164/km²)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website .gov.rutherfordcountytnwww

Rutherford County is a county located in the U.S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the population was 262,604 and 288,906 in 2014,[2] making it the fifth-most populous county in Tennessee. Its county seat is Murfreesboro,[3] which is also the geographic center of Tennessee. In 2010 it was the center of population of Tennessee.[4][5]

Rutherford County is included in the Nashville-Davidson–Murfreesboro–Franklin, TN Metropolitan Statistical Area. Since the turn of the 21st century, it has been the destination of numerous immigrants who have settled in the area, including many from Somalia and Kurds from Iraq. The proportion of ethnic minorities has risen in the county.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
    • Adjacent counties 2.1
    • National protected area 2.2
    • State protected areas 2.3
  • Demographics 3
  • Government and politics 4
    • Political parties 4.1
  • Economy 5
    • Murfreesboro 5.1
    • Smyrna 5.2
  • Communities 6
    • Cities 6.1
    • Town 6.2
    • Census-designated place 6.3
    • Unincorporated communities 6.4
  • See also 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9

History

Rutherford County was formed in 1803 from parts of Davidson, Williamson and Wilson counties,[1] and named in honor of Griffith Rutherford (1721–1805).[6] Rutherford was a North Carolina colonial legislator and an American Revolutionary War general who settled in Middle Tennessee after the Revolution. He was appointed President of the Council of the Southwest Territory (the upper chamber of the territorial legislature) in 1794.[7]

Rutherford County strongly supported the Confederacy during the Civil War, having voted 2,392 to 73 in favor of Tennessee's Ordinance of Secession on June 8, 1861.[8] Rutherford County's central location and proximity to Nashville during the Civil War made it a contested area.[9] The county was home to one of the bloodiest battles of the war, the Battle of Stones River, which was fought between December 31, 1861, and January 2, 1862. On July 13, 1862, Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest conducted a series of operations in the county known as Forrest's Raid; the raid successfully led to the surrender of Union forces occupying the area.[10] Soon after, however, Union troops retook the region and occupied it until the end of the war.

Rutherford County is an outlying part of metropolitan Nashville. Since 1970 its population has been increasing rapidly as Nashville becomes a true metropolis. The rate of growth accelerated in the 1990s and continued at a brisk pace into the first decade of the 21st century.

Geography

Sunset in Murfreesboro

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 624 square miles (1,620 km2), of which 619 square miles (1,600 km2) is land and 4.7 square miles (12 km2) (0.8%) is water.[11]

Adjacent counties

National protected area

State protected areas

  • Flat Rock Cedar Glades and Barrens State Natural Area
  • Gattinger's Cedar Glade and Barrens State Natural Area (part)
  • Long Hunter State Park (part)
  • Manus Road Cedar Glade State Natural Area
  • Overbridge State Natural Area
  • Percy Priest Wildlife Management Area (part)
  • Elsie Quarterman Cedar Glade State Natural Area
  • Fate Sanders Barrens State Natural Area
  • Sunnybell Cedar Glade State Natural Area
  • Stones River Cedar Glade and Barrens State Natural Area
  • Walterhill Floodplain State Natural Area

Demographics

Age pyramid, Rutherford County.[17]

From the 2010 census, there were 262,604 people and 96,731 households residing in the county. The population density was 424 people per square mile (114/km²). There were 96,731 housing units at an average density of 114 per square mile (44/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 79.7% White, 14.0% Black or African American, 3.3% Asian, 0.5% Native American, 0.1% Pacific Islander, and 2.3% from two or more races. 7.2% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

As of the 2000 census, there were 182,023 people, 66,443 households, and 47,440 families residing in the county. The population density was 294 people per square mile (114/km²), and there were 70,616 housing units. The racial makeup of the county was 85.73% White, 9.51% Black or African American, 1.90% Asian, 0.29% Native American, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.32% from other races, and 1.20% from two or more races. 2.78% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

In 2000 there were 66,443 households out of which 37.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.30% were married couples living together, 11.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.60% were non-families. 20.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.40% under the age of 18, 13.20% from 18 to 24, 33.50% from 25 to 44, 19.40% from 45 to 64, and 7.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 99.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $46,312, and the median income for a family was $53,553. Males had a median income of $36,788 versus $26,555 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,938. About 5.80% of families and 9.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.50% of those under age 18 and 9.40% of those age 65 or over.

The 2010 census put the population of Rutherford County at 262,604. This represents a greater than 40% population growth since the 2000 U.S. Census. As of 2009, it was estimated that the total minority fraction of the population had grown to almost 20% of the total, with Hispanic population at 5.58%, African-American population at 12.09%, and Asian population at 2.66% of the total.[18]

Government and politics

The Board of County Commissioners, the county legislative body, consists of 21 members elected for four-year terms from single-member districts based on roughly equal populations. The county mayor is the chief executive officer and is elected from the county at-large.

Political parties

This area of the state was predominately Democrat following the American Civil War, but the significant minority of African Americans joined the Republican Party. The white-dominated state legislature in the 1880s passed four laws that effectively disenfranchised most blacks and many poor whites, particularly due to the requirement of payment of a poll tax in order to register to vote. This reduced the competitiveness of the Republican Party in the state for more than six decades. It effectively had power only in East Tennessee.

Presidential Election Results
Year Democrat Republican
2012 36.8% 36,400 61.6% 60,829
2008 39.69% 40,412 58.79% 59,850
2004 37.49% 31,647 61.84% 52,200
2000 44% 27,360 53.8% 33,445

Since the late 20th century, many white conservatives in the South shifted into the Republican Party. After gaining enforcement of their constitutional rights under the Voting Rights Act of 1965, most African Americans joined the Democratic Party because of support by its national politicians for the civil rights movement. The changing demographics of the county, with an increased number of ethnic minorities, may affect party alignment.

For presidential races, the white majority has favored Republican candidates.

Economy

The top employers (over 500 employees) in the county are listed below. Rutherford County government and schools also employ 5,665 individuals.[19]

Murfreesboro

Smyrna

Asurion: 1,165

  • Vi-Jon (personal care products): 737
  • Stonecrest Medical Center (hospital): 550

The county is also home to Barrett Firearms Manufacturing, a General Mills production facility, and a Whirlpool Corporation plant.

Communities

Cities

Town

Census-designated place

Unincorporated communities

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Caneta Skelley Hankins, "Rutherford County," Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture. Retrieved: 22 March 2013.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 7, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ "Centers of Population by State: 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 28, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Geographic Center of Tennessee". hmdb.org. THE HISTORICAL MARKER DATABASE. December 31, 2009. Retrieved April 28, 2014. 
  6. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Geological Survey Bulletin, no. 258 (2nd ed.). Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office. p. 268.  
  7. ^ Garrett, William Robertson; Goodpasture, Albert Virgil (1900). History of Tennessee: Its People and Its Institutions. Nashville, TN: Brandon Printing. p. 339.  
  8. ^ Jones, Shirley Ferris (May 29, 2012). "Merry Month of May". The Murfreesboro Post via Rutherford County Historical Society. Retrieved June 17, 2013. 
  9. ^ "A History of Rutherford County, Tennessee". Rutherford County Historical Society. Retrieved June 17, 2013. 
  10. ^ "CWSAC Battle Summaries: Murfreesboro". National Park Service. Retrieved June 17, 2013. 
  11. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved April 14, 2015. 
  12. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  13. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 14, 2015. 
  14. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved April 14, 2015. 
  15. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 14, 2015. 
  16. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved April 14, 2015. 
  17. ^ Based on 2000 census data
  18. ^ Rutherford County Pop-Facts: Demographic Snapshot Report from the Rutherford Chamber of Commerce
  19. ^ City of Murfreesboro CAFR
  20. ^ 2012 Rutherford County CAFR

External links

  • Official site
  • Rutherford County Chamber of Commerce
  • Rutherford County, TNGenWeb - free genealogy resources for the county
  • Rutherford County at DMOZ

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