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Salvador de Madariaga

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Title: Salvador de Madariaga  
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Subject: Javier Solana, List of Spaniards, Spain, People by year/Reports/No other categories/2, Madariaga – College of Europe Foundation
Collection: 1886 Births, 1978 Deaths, Alumni of the University of Oxford, Ambassadors of Spain to France, Ambassadors of Spain to the United States, Autonomous Galician Republican Organization Politicians, English-Language Writers, Exiles of the Spanish Civil War, German-Language Writers, Members of the Congress of Deputies of the Second Spanish Republic, Members of the Royal Spanish Academy, People from a Coruña, Permanent Representatives of Spain to the League of Nations, Spanish Diplomats, Spanish Expatriates in Switzerland, Spanish Expatriates in the United Kingdom, Spanish Historians, Spanish Male Writers, Spanish Ministers of Justice, Spanish Pacifists, Spanish Writers, Spanish Writers in French
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Salvador de Madariaga

Salvador de Madariaga

Salvador de Madariaga y Rojo (23 July 1886, in A Coruña, Spain – 14 December 1978, in Locarno, Switzerland) was a Spanish diplomat, writer, historian and pacifist. He had two daughters.

He graduated with a degree in engineering in Paris, France before gaining a Masters of Arts at Francisco Franco. In 1947, he was one of the principal authors of the Oxford Manifesto on liberalism. He participated in the Hague Congress in 1948 as president of the Cultural Commission and he was one of the co-founders, in 1949, of the College of Europe.

In his writing career he wrote books and essays about Don Quixote, Christopher Columbus, Shakespeare's Hamlet, and the history of Latin America. He militated in favour of a united and integrated Europe. He wrote in French and German as well as Spanish and Galician (his mother tongue) and English. In 1973 he won the Karlspreis for contributions to the European idea and European peace. In 1976, he returned to Spain after the death of dictator Francisco Franco. The Madariaga European Foundation has been named after him, promoting his vision of a united Europe making for a more peaceful world. The 1979–1980 academic year at the College of Europe was named in his honour.


  • Private life 1
  • Selected published works in English 2
  • See also 3
  • External links 4
  • References 5

Private life

Madariaga with Antonio Jauregui in Oxford, 1972.

In 1912 he had married Constance Archibald de Madariaga, a Scottish economic historian. The couple had two daughters, Nieves Mathews (1917–2003) and professor/historian Dr. Isabel de Madariaga (1919–2014). After Constance's death in May 1970 Salvador in November 1970 married Emilia Székely de Rauman who had been his secretary since 1938 and who died in 1991 aged 83.

An Oxfordshire blue plaque in honour of Salvador de Madariaga was unveiled at 3 St Andrew's Road, Headington, Oxford by his daughter Isabel on 15 October 2011.

Selected published works in English

Old European flag design by Salvador de Madariaga

'This Europe must be born. And she will, when Spaniards say 'our Chartres', Englishmen say 'our Cracow', Italians 'our Copenhagen' and Germans 'our Bruges'. Then Europe will live.'--Madariaga

  • Englishmen, Frenchmen, Spaniards: An Essay in Comparative Psychology, Oxford University Press, 1929
  • Disarmament, Coward-McCann, 1929
  • Anarchy or Hierarchy, Macmillan, 1937
  • Christopher Columbus, Macmillan, 1940
  • The Rise of the Spanish-American Empire, Hollis & Carter; Macmillan, 1947
  • The Fall of the Spanish-American Empire, Hollis & Carter, 1947; Macmillan, 1948
  • Morning without Noon, 1973
  • El Corazón de Piedra Verde, 1942 ('Heart of Jade', the most widely admired of his twelve novels)
  • Spain: a Modern History
  • Hernán Cortés – Conqueror of Mexico, Macmillan, 1941
  • The Blowing up of the Parthenon, 1960
  • On Hamlet, Hollis & Carter, 1948
  • Latin America, Between the Eagle and the Bear, Praeger, 1962

See also

External links

  • Cueva de Zaratustra Madariaga and his Memorias de un federalista
  • Madariaga – College of Europe Foundation
  • Madariaga tennis Club in A Coruña.
  • Madariaga European College.
  • Archival sources by and on Salvador de Madariaga can be consulted at the Historical Archives of the European Union in Florence


  1. ^ Stanley G. Payne, Spain's First Democracy: The Second Republic, 1931-1936 (Madison, WI: The University of Wisconsin Press, 1993), 159.
Political offices
Preceded by
New position
President of the Liberal International
Succeeded by
Roger Motz
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