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Sam Brownback

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Sam Brownback

Sam Brownback
46th Governor of Kansas
Assumed office
January 10, 2011
Lieutenant Jeff Colyer
Preceded by Mark Parkinson
United States Senator
from Kansas
In office
November 7, 1996 – January 3, 2011
Preceded by Sheila Frahm
Succeeded by Jerry Moran
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Kansas's 2nd district
In office
January 3, 1995 – November 7, 1996
Preceded by Jim Slattery
Succeeded by Jim Ryun
Personal details
Born Samuel Dale Brownback
(1956-09-12) September 12, 1956
Garnett, Kansas, U.S.
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Mary Brownback
Children 5
Residence Cedar Crest
Alma mater Kansas State University
University of Kansas, Lawrence
Religion Roman Catholicism

Samuel Dale "Sam" Brownback (born September 12, 1956) is an American politician currently serving as Governor of Kansas. A member of the Republican Party, Brownback was first elected to the U.S. House of Representatives during the Republican Revolution of 1994, representing Kansas's 2nd congressional district for a single term, before running in a 1996 special election for the Senate seat previously held by Bob Dole. He won that election, and two regular elections following, serving until 2011. He ran for president in 2008, but withdrew before the primaries began and endorsed eventual Republican nominee John McCain.[1][2][3] He was elected Governor of Kansas in 2010 and took office in January 2011.

Brownback supported the 2007 Iraq War troop surge and has also voiced his support for Israel.[4] He opposes same-sex marriage and has described himself as pro-life.[5] As Governor, Brownback signed into law one of the largest income tax cuts in Kansas' history.[6] Brownback turned down a $31.5 million grant from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services to set up an insurance exchange as part of the federal health care reform law,[7] signed a bill that blocked tax breaks for abortion providers, banned sex-selection abortions, and declared that life begins at fertilization.[8] The income tax cut generated a substantial budget deficit and led some former and current Republican officials to criticize his leadership in the run-up to the 2014 gubernatorial election by endorsing his opponent, Paul Davis.[9] Brownback was reelected in a close race with Davis.


  • Early life 1
  • Personal life 2
    • Family 2.1
    • Religion 2.2
  • Early career 3
  • U.S. Senator 4
    • Elections 4.1
    • Tenure 4.2
    • C Street residence 4.3
    • Committees 4.4
  • 2008 presidential campaign 5
  • 2010 gubernatorial campaign 6
  • Governor of Kansas 7
    • Legislative agenda 7.1
    • Abortion 7.2
    • Arts 7.3
    • Education 7.4
    • Health care 7.5
    • Prayer rally 7.6
    • Taxes 7.7
    • 2014 gubernatorial election 7.8
  • Positions 8
    • Abortion 8.1
    • Arts 8.2
    • Capital punishment 8.3
    • Darfur 8.4
    • Economic Issues 8.5
    • Environmental protection 8.6
    • Evolution 8.7
    • Health care 8.8
    • Immigration 8.9
    • Iraq 8.10
    • Israel and the Palestinian Territories 8.11
    • LGBT issues 8.12
    • Stem cell research 8.13
    • Other issues 8.14
  • Electoral history 9
    • U.S. House of Representatives 9.1
    • U.S. Senator 9.2
    • Governor of Kansas 9.3
  • See also 10
  • References 11
  • External links 12

Early life

Sam Brownback was born on September 12, 1956, in

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Jim Slattery
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Kansas's 2nd congressional district

Succeeded by
Jim Ryun
Party political offices
Preceded by
Bob Dole
Republican nominee for Senator from Kansas
(Class 3)

1996, 1998, 2004
Succeeded by
Jerry Moran
Preceded by
Jim Barnett
Republican nominee for Governor of Kansas
2010, 2014
Most recent
United States Senate
Preceded by
Sheila Frahm
United States Senator (Class 3) from Kansas
Served alongside: Nancy Kassebaum, Pat Roberts
Succeeded by
Jerry Moran
Political offices
Preceded by
Mark Parkinson
Governor of Kansas
United States order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Joe Biden
as Vice President
Order of Precedence of the United States
Within Kansas
Succeeded by
Mayor of city
in which event is held
Succeeded by
Otherwise Paul Ryan
as Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Kate Brown
as Governor of Oregon
Order of Precedence of the United States
Outside Kansas
Succeeded by
Earl Ray Tomblin
as Governor of West Virginia
  • Sam Brownback's presidential campaign finance reports and data at the FEC
  • Sam Brownbeck's presidential campaign contributions
  • Governor Sam Brownback official government website
  • Sam Brownback for Governor
  • Genealogy of Sam Brownback

External links

  1. ^ a b "Election 2010: Kansas Governor – Rasmussen Reports". Retrieved 2010-08-23. 
  2. ^ "Election 2010". CQ Politics. Retrieved 2010-08-23. 
  3. ^ "The Cook Political Report – Charts – 2010 Governors Race Ratings". 2010-02-04. Retrieved 2010-08-23. 
  4. ^ a b Brostoff, Marissa (2007-10-10). "Far Right Israelis Get Boost From Senator – The Jewish Daily Forward". Retrieved 2010-08-23. 
  5. ^ Sam Brownback on the Issues
  6. ^ a b "Kansas small-business owners say elimination of income tax is a big help". The Wichita Eagle. May 24, 2012. 
  7. ^ a b "Kansas returns $31.5M exchange grant – Jason Millman and Kate Nocera". Politico.Com. Retrieved July 23, 2013. 
  8. ^ a b "Brownback signs sweeping anti-abortion bill". Associated Press. 19 April 2013. Retrieved 25 April 2013. 
  9. ^ Eligon, John (September 14, 2014). "Conservative Experiment Faces Revolt in Reliably Red Kansas".  
  10. ^ 1
  11. ^ a b c Brownback Presidential Campaign reprint of Weekly Standard article , Volume 011, Issue 44, August 7 2006The Weekly StandardEastland, Terry, Mr. Compassionate Conservative,
  12. ^ Wayback Machine
  13. ^ Kansas State University: Sam Brownback Landon Lecture February 22, 2006
  14. ^ Rhodes, Carla. "Candidate Profile Sam Brownback". CBS News. Retrieved 5 June 2014. 
  15. ^ January 18, Brownback, Set to Launch GOP White House Bid, Will Fight from the RightKapochunas, Rachel.
  16. ^ The New York Times Archives, "Media Concern Adds 12 Stauffer Papers", Published: June 16, 1995
  17. ^ [8]
  18. ^ Copeland, Libby (7 June 2006). "Faith-Based Initiative". Washington Post. Retrieved 15 March 2012. 
  19. ^ Max Blumenthal (2005-06-20). "Sam Brownback's Blind Ambition Tour". The Nation. Retrieved 2014-09-27. 
  20. ^ "THE 2004 ELECTIONS; The Senate". The New York Times. 2004-11-04. Retrieved 2014-09-27. 
  21. ^ "The World from The Hill: Helsinki panel a model of bipartisanship on foreign policy". The Hill. 2010-11-22. Retrieved 2014-09-27. 
  22. ^
  23. ^ Library of Congress: Thomas. House Resolution 3244. Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000
  24. ^ Alford, Deann. "Free at Last", Christianity Today, February 21, 2007
  25. ^ Washington Post."Missed Votes", August 12, 2007
  26. ^ "Brownback: Numbers plunge as agenda emerges". The Topeka Capital Journal. Retrieved 2012-01-16. 
  27. ^ "". The Topeka Capital Journal. Retrieved 2012-01-16. 
  28. ^ a b "Bogus Ethics Complaint Targets Coburn, DeMint, Brownback". The Weekly Standard. 2010-04-02. Retrieved 2010-08-23. 
  29. ^
  30. ^ "Favorite of religious right moves toward White House bid" by Associated Press. CNN, December 4, 2006.
  31. ^ forbes
  32. ^ "Brownback to Move on Presidential Bid". ABC News. January 6, 2007. Retrieved 2007-08-11. 
  33. ^
  34. ^ Wangsness, Lisa (2007-08-12). "Romney trounces GOP field in Iowa straw poll". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 2007-08-21. 
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  36. ^ Republican Sam Brownback ends White House run Dallas Morning News October 19, 2007. Retrieved October 20, 2007.
  37. ^ "Sam Brownback Endorses John McCain". Fox News. November 7, 2007. 
  38. ^ "Brownback considering gubernatorial run in 2010". Lawrence Journal World and News. Retrieved 2008-12-07. 
  39. ^ "Prime Buzz". Retrieved 2010-08-23. 
  40. ^ Election 2010: Kansas Senate, Rasmussen Reports, March 3, 2010.
  41. ^ "Brownback ticket gains surgeon as lieutenant", Wichita Eagle, June 2, 2010.
  42. ^ "Kansas". New York Times. 2010. Retrieved 2014-10-19. 
  43. ^ Goldstein, David; Klepper, David (2009-04-28). "Sebelius sworn in to Cabinet, Parkinson becomes Kansas governor". The Kansas City Star. Archived from the original on 2009-04-30. Retrieved 2014-10-19. 
  44. ^ Chris Suellentrop (August 6, 2015). "The Kansas Experiment". The New York Times Magazine. Retrieved August 6, 2015. He is modest in demeanor, flat almost to the point of dullness. 
  45. ^ Wistrom, Brent (November 9, 2011). "Brownback plan could change how schools are funded | Wichita Eagle". Retrieved July 23, 2013. 
  46. ^ "Kansas Announces Sweeping Medicaid Restructuring". Kaiser Health News. November 8, 2011. Retrieved July 23, 2013. 
  47. ^ "$8.3 billion question | Wichita Eagle". November 4, 2011. Retrieved July 23, 2013. 
  48. ^ Eligon, John (13 February 2014). "Brownback Leads Kansas in Sharp Right Turn". New York Times. Retrieved 15 February 2014. 
  49. ^ Kansas Governor Sam Brownback signs bills restricting abortion
  50. ^ Brownback criticized for signing abortion bill
  51. ^ Planned Parenthood may push to get funds from Kansas
  52. ^ Judge blocks de-funding of Planned Parenthood in Kansas
  53. ^ Kansas appeals order to block law defunding Planned Parenthood
  54. ^ Judge refuses to stay, pending appeal
  55. ^ "Kansas Gov. Brownback signs act allowing pharmacists to refuse to dispense abortion drugs". Retrieved May 27, 2012. 
  56. ^ [10]
  57. ^ [11]
  58. ^ Kansas First State to Lose Its State Arts Commission – Governor Vetoes Funding [12]
  59. ^ a b Kansas governor eliminates state's art funding
  60. ^ Arts Outposts Stung by Cuts in State Aid
  61. ^ Lowry, Bryan. "Brownback signs school finance bill". Kansas City Star. Retrieved 22 April 2014. 
  62. ^ Lee, Trymaine (4 April 2015). "Kansas school districts to close early after tax cut ‘experiment’". (NBC UNIVERSAL). Retrieved 5 April 2015. 
  63. ^ "Brownback: Send back $31.5M federal grant". The Capital-Journal. 2011-08-09. Retrieved 2014-10-24. 
  64. ^ "Gov. Brownback's Selective Budget Worries". The New York Times. August 14, 2011. 
  65. ^ a b Rothschild, Scott (December 17, 2013). "'"Brownback says perception of ALEC influence is 'overblown.  
  66. ^ a b Pilkington, Ed (November 20, 2013). "Obamacare faces new threat at state level from corporate interest group Alec".  
  67. ^ Brownback attends Rick Perry prayer event in Texas
  68. ^ Sam Brownback joins Rick Perry on stage
  69. ^ Prayer event draws crowd, controversy & Governor Brownback
  70. ^ "Stay home, Sam". Retrieved August 11, 2011. 
  71. ^ "Commentary: Sam Brownback's prayer day vacation". August 7, 2011. Retrieved August 12, 2011. 
  72. ^ "Brownback gets heat for ‘real live experiment’ comment on tax cuts". Lawrence Journal World. Retrieved 28 October 2014. 
  73. ^ a b c "Brownback Signs Tax Cuts Law In Statehouse Ceremony". KAKE News. Retrieved 29 October 2014. 
  74. ^ Brownback, Sam. "A Midwest Renaissance Rooted in the Reagan Formula". Retrieved 28 October 2014. 
  75. ^ "Kansas tax act most regressive in nation". The Lawrence Journal-World. May 24, 2012. 
  76. ^ a b Peters, Mark (10 June 2014). "Sam Brownback's Tax-Cut Push Puts Kansas Out on Its Own". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 13 June 2014. 
  77. ^ Kraske, Steve (2 May 2014). "Gov. Sam Brownback suffers a political brownout". The Kansas City Star. Retrieved 13 June 2014. 
  78. ^ Reuters Staff. "S&P downgrades Kansas in another blow to Brownback tax cuts". Reuters. Retrieved 7 August 2014. 
  79. ^ a b Josh Barro (June 27, 2014). "Yes, if You Cut Taxes, You Get Less Tax Revenue". The New York Times. Retrieved September 2, 2014. 
  80. ^ Eligonsept, John (14 September 2014). "Conservative Experiment Faces Revolt in Reliably Red Kansas". The New York Times. Retrieved 28 October 2014. 
  81. ^ Hiltzik, Michael (9 July 2014). "How Tea Party tax cuts are turning Kansas into a smoking ruin". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 27 October 2014. 
  82. ^ "Norquist defends tax cuts despite Brownback woes in Kansas". The Hill. Retrieved 29 October 2014. 
  83. ^ Davis enters bid for KS Governor
  84. ^ Pianin, Eric (16 July 2014). "Brownback Feeling Big Political Backlash to Tax Cuts in Kansas". The Fiscal Times. Retrieved 17 July 2014. In a startling rebuke to the governor, more than 100 Kansas Republican officials endorsed Davis on Tuesday, a rarity in statewide races and a wakeup call for Brownback, an arch conservative on economic and social issues and a former U.S. senator. The defectors said they are as concerned about cuts in education and other government services as well as the tax cuts that have left the state with a major hole in its budget. 
  85. ^ "Election 2014 – Kansas Governor – Brownback vs. Davis". RealClearPolitics. Retrieved 2015-04-09. 
  86. ^ a b c d "Sam Brownback on the Issues". Retrieved 2010-08-23. 
  87. ^ "Politics Attracted Brownback Early," Kansas City Star, October 27, 1996.
  88. ^ Pulliam, Sarah. "Q&A: Sam Brownback", Christianity Today, October 18, 2007.
  89. ^ "California Republican debate transcript", MSNBC, May 3, 2007.
  90. ^ California Republican debate transcript, May 3, 2007
  91. ^ Hudnall, David. "Sam Brownback's crusade against the Kansas Arts Commission | Interview". The Pitch. Retrieved July 23, 2013. 
  92. ^ Interview with Senator Sam Brownback, David Shankbone, Wikinews, October 11, 2007.
  93. ^ Sentencing Law and Policy (Blog by Douglas A. Berman): Senator Brownback questions death penalty and culture of life, February 3, 2006
  94. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Sam Brownback On the Issues". Retrieved 2007-09-01. 
  95. ^ The Washington Post: Policy Adrift on Darfur, page A25, December 27, 2005.
  96. ^ Champions of Darfur, operated by the Genocide Intervention Network, site accessed 21 August 2006
  97. ^ The New York Sun: D.C. May Be Flat Tax Laboratory, November 30, 2005
  98. ^ DCist: A Flat Tax for the District?, December 2, 2005
  99. ^ a b Republicans for Environmental Protection 2005 Scorecard
  100. ^ Peter Wagenet and Kevin Wang – Zeit Studios (2007-05-31). "Sam Brownback on Evolution". Uncommon Descent. Retrieved 2010-08-23. 
  101. ^ Intelligent Design in American Classrooms? CNN Larry King Live, August 23, 2005.
  102. ^ a b Facts regarding status of tenure case at Iowa State, Iowa State University
  103. ^ Evolution Opponents on the Offensive in Senate, House Government Affairs Program, American Geological Institute.
  104. ^ Breaking News: U.S. Senator Expresses Alarm Over Denial of Tenure to Gonzalez at Iowa State Discovery Institute,, May 22, 2007.
  105. ^ Developing Drugs For Developing Countries – Ridley et al. 25 (2): 313 – Health Affairs
  106. ^ PR Newswire: Senators and Hospital Groups Support New GPO Transparency Initiative, July 12, 2005
  107. ^ U.S. Senator Sam Brownback press release: Brownback Introduces Medicare Payment Rate Disclosure Act, April 7, 2006
  108. ^ "Brownback Addresses Christian Radio Members, Touts FDA Move".  
  109. ^ Immigration Voting Report Card for Sen. Sam Brownback
  110. ^ "Democrats are flocking to McCain's immigration bill". Retrieved 2007-06-21. 
  111. ^ Search Results – THOMAS (Library of Congress)
  112. ^ U.S. Senate: Legislation & Records Home > Votes > Roll Call Vote
  113. ^ U.S. Senate: Legislation & Records Home > Votes > Roll Call Vote
  114. ^ Luo, Michael (October 28, 2007). "On the Road: A Week With ‘Values' Voters". The New York Times. Retrieved May 23, 2010. 
  115. ^ , January 17, 2007, Washington, D.C.Brownback on Iraq and Troop Surge, Calls for bipartisanship, diplomatic effortsSenator Sam Brownback office,
  116. ^ Countdown with Keith Olbermann, June 7, 2007.
  117. ^ Senate Begins Real Push on Habeas Corpus
  118. ^ According to an  
  119. ^ [13]
  120. ^ Hananel, Sam (March 5, 2007). "Brownback Supports Pace's Remark on Gays". The Washington Post. Associated Press. Retrieved March 1, 2011. 
  121. ^ a b c  
  122. ^ "Congressional Scorecard for the 107th Congress" (PDF). Human Rights Campaign, Inc. 2002. p. 8. Retrieved March 1, 2011. 
  123. ^ "Congressional Scorecard for the 108th Congress" (PDF). Human Rights Campaign, Inc. 2004. p. 16. Retrieved March 1, 2011. 
  124. ^ "Congressional Scorecard for the 109th Congress" (PDF). Human Rights Campaign, Inc. 2006. p. 15. Retrieved March 1, 2011. 
  125. ^ "Congressional Scorecard for the 110th Congress" (PDF). Human Rights Campaign, Inc. 2008. p. 20. Retrieved March 1, 2011. 
  126. ^ "Congressional Scorecard for the 111th Congress" (PDF). Human Rights Campaign, Inc. February 23, 2011. p. 20. Retrieved March 1, 2011. 
  127. ^ Rothschild, Scott (October 26, 2009). "Brownback, Roberts, Moran, Tiahrt cite hate crimes provision in voting against military funding bill". The Lawrence Journal-World. Retrieved March 1, 2011. 
  128. ^  
  129. ^  
  130. ^ Sutherland, Dwight (August 16, 2013). "Sutherland: Up On ‘Brownback Mountain’ or ‘I Just Wish I Knew How to Quit You". KC Confidential. Retrieved August 20, 2013. 
  131. ^ Holman, Rhonda (December 5, 2010). "Kansans in Congress clinging to ‘don’t ask, don’t tell’". WE Blog (The Wichita Eagle). Retrieved March 1, 2011. 
  132. ^ "FRC, Members of Congress, Governors, and Conservative Leaders Release Open Letter Calling for Civil Debate, End to Character Assassination". Family Research Council. 15 December 2010. Retrieved 9 June 2011. 
  133. ^ "Dozens of GOP Leaders Declare Solidarity With Those Who Want To See Homosexuality Outlawed". Right Wing Watch. People for the American Way. 15 December 2010. Retrieved 9 June 2011. 
  134. ^ "Brownback responds to Perry's call to pray". Topeka Capital-Journal. Associated Press. 7 June 2011. Retrieved 9 June 2011. 
  135. ^ Fernandez, Manny; Eckholm, Erik (11 June 2011). "Texas Governor Draws Criticism on Prayer Event". The New York Times. p. A31. Retrieved 12 June 2011. 
  136. ^ a b Seelye, Katharine Q. (November 20, 2003). "Conservatives Mobilize Against Ruling on Gay Marriage". The New York Times. Retrieved July 15, 2013. 
  137. ^ a b Grieve, Tim (November 19, 2003). """Lining up to fight "the forces of evil. Salon. Retrieved July 15, 2013. 
  138. ^ a b McCaslin, John (November 26, 2003). "Inside the Beltway: Redefining Bliss". The Washington Times. Retrieved July 15, 2013. 
  139. ^ Brownback, Sam (September 17, 2003). "Brownback Statement on Federal Marriage Amendment" (Press release). Archived from the original on October 19, 2003. Retrieved July 15, 2013. 
  140. ^ Hanna, John (November 19, 2003). "Kline, Brownback vow to fight same-sex marriage". The Lawrence Journal-World. Associated Press. Retrieved July 15, 2013. 
  141. ^ a b c Lewis, Neil A. (19 December 2006). "Senator Removes His Block on Federal Court Nominee". The New York Times. Retrieved 1 October 2011. 
  142. ^ a b c Lattman, Peter (19 December 2006). "Amid Criticism, Brownback Lifts Block on Judicial Nominee". The Wall Street Journal Law Blog (The Wall Street Journal). Retrieved 1 October 2011. 
  143. ^ a b c Dvorak, Todd (19 December 2006). "Brownback Wants to Re-Question Nominee". The Washington Post. Associated Press. Retrieved 1 October 2011. 
  144. ^ Carpenter, Tim (2 July 2011). "Brownback program promotes marriage". The Topeka Capital-Journal. Retrieved 3 July 2011. 
  145. ^ Rothschild, Scott (7 April 2011). "Gov. Brownback, SRS secretary discussing marriage initiatives". The Lawrence Journal-World. Retrieved 3 July 2011. 
  146. ^ a b "SRS history replete with major changes". The Salina Journal. 21 June 2011. Retrieved 24 October 2011. 
  147. ^ a b Fiedler, Gordon D. (22 June 2011). "Kansas SRS secretary visits Salina". The Salina Journal. Retrieved 24 October 2011. 
  148. ^ a b Carpenter, Tim (20 January 2012). "State 'repealer' lists 51 objections". The Topeka Capital-Journal. Retrieved 19 February 2012. 
  149. ^ a b Rothschild, Scott (20 January 2012). "51 measures proposed for repeal, but not law criminalizing gay sex". The Lawrence Journal-World. Retrieved 19 February 2012. 
  150. ^ a b "Kansas governor plans to seek repeal of some regulations, laws". The Wichita Eagle. Associated Press. 20 January 2012. Retrieved 19 February 2012. 
  151. ^ a b Sulzberger, A.G. (14 February 2012). "Kansas Law on Sodomy Stays on Books Despite a Cull". The New York Times. Retrieved 20 January 2012. 
  152. ^ Rothschild, Scott (27 November 2011). "Kansas Equality Coalition seeks repeal of homosexual sex law". The Lawrence Journal-World. Retrieved 19 February 2012. 
  153. ^ Carpenter, Tim (14 February 2012). "Religious freedom bill evokes contrary views". The Topeka Capital-Journal. Retrieved 19 February 2012. 
  154. ^ Rothschild, Scott (14 February 2012). "Brownback administration supports bill that critics say could invalidate Lawrence anti-discrimination ordinance". The Lawrence Journal-World. Retrieved 19 February 2012. 
  155. ^ Brownlee, Phillip (13 February 2012). "Religious-liberty bill really about discrimination". WE Blog (The Wichita Eagle). Retrieved 19 February 2012. 
  156. ^ Hanna, John (March 29, 2013). "Brownback reaffirms opposition to gay marriage". The Topeka Capital-Journal. Associated Press. Retrieved July 15, 2013. 
  157. ^ a b Liptak, Adam (6 October 2014). "Supreme Court Hands Gay Marriage a Tacit Victory". The New York Times. Retrieved 6 October 2014. 
  158. ^ a b Barnes, Robert (6 October 2014). "Supreme Court declines to review same-sex marriage cases". The Washington Post. Retrieved 6 October 2014. 
  159. ^ Van Dyke, Aly (6 October 2014). "Gay couple denied marriage license in Shawnee County, could become plaintiffs". The Topeka Capital-Journal. Retrieved 6 October 2014. 
  160. ^ Hancock, Peter (6 October 2014). "Rulings give Kansas couples hope for same-sex marriages". The Lawrence Journal-World. Retrieved 6 October 2014. 
  161. ^ Hanna, John (7 October 2014). "Brownback: Kansas should defend gay marriage ban". The Lawrence Journal-World. Associated Press. Retrieved 7 October 2014. 
  162. ^ Lowry, Bryan (10 February 2015). "Brownback rescinds protected-class status for LGBT state workers in Kansas". The Kansas City Star. Retrieved 10 February 2015. 
  163. ^ "Bill Text – 109th Congress (2005–2006) – THOMAS (Library of Congress)". 2005-03-17. Retrieved 2010-08-23. 
  165. ^ Combs, Roberta. Christian Coalition of America, Washington Weekly Review, June 17, 2006
  166. ^ "Bill Number S. 193". Broadcast Decency Enforcement Act of 2005 (Introduced in Senate) from Congressional THOMAS DB. Retrieved April 11, 2005. 
  167. ^ O'Rourke Deposition: September 3, 1997
  168. ^ "Funds Consultant Helped Senator Behind Scenes". The Washington Post. January 31, 1999. Retrieved May 23, 2010. 
  169. ^ The Washington Post: Bucking Bush on SpyingDavid S. Broder: , February 9, 2006
  170. ^ Vatican Radio: Mail Order Nightmares [14]
  171. ^ THOMAS, Library of Congress entry on Senate Joint Resolution 4
  172. ^ Brownback Applauds Committee Passage of Native American Apology Resolution. Press release, May 11, 2007 Archived May 30, 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  174. ^ a b "Election Statistics". Office of the Clerk of the House of Representatives. Retrieved 2008-01-10. 
  175. ^ "Kansas 2010 General Election November 2, 2010 Unofficial Results". Kansas Secretary of State. November 2, 2010. Retrieved November 11, 2010. 
  176. ^ "Kansas Secretary of State 2014 General Election Official Vote Totals" (PDF). Retrieved 2014-12-14. 


See also

Governor's election in Kansas, 2014[176]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Sam Brownback 433,196 49.82
Democratic Paul Davis 401,100 46.13
Libertarian Keen A. Umbehr 35,206 4.05
Total votes 869,502 100.00
Governor's election in Kansas, 2010  [175]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Sam Brownback – Jeff Colyer 530,760 63.28
Democratic Tom Holland – Kelly Kultala 270,166 32.21
Libertarian Andrew Gray – Stacey Davis 22,460 2.68
Reform Ken Cannon – Dan Faubion 15,397 1.84
Total votes 838,790 100.0
Republican gain from Democratic

Governor of Kansas

U.S. Senate elections in Kansas, (Class III): Results 1998–2004[174]
Year Democratic Votes Pct Republican Votes Pct Libertarian Votes Pct Reform Votes Pct Overall Turnout
1998 Paul Feleciano 229,718 31.6% Sam Brownback 474,639 65.3% Tom Oyler 11,545 1.6% Alvin Bauman 11,334 1.6% 727,236
2004 Lee Jones 310,337 27.5% Sam Brownback 780,863 69.2% Steven A. Rosile 21,842 1.9% George Cook 15,980 1.4% 1,129,022
United States Senate special election in Kansas, 1996: General Election Results
Year Democratic Votes Pct Republican Votes Pct Reform Votes Pct Overall Turnout
1996 Jill Docking 461,344 43.3% Sam Brownback 574,021 53.9% Donald R. Klaassen 29,351 2.8% 1,064,716
United States Senate special election in Kansas, 1996: Republican Primary Results
Year Incumbent Votes Pct Challenger Votes Pct Challenger Votes Pct Overall Turnout
1996 Sheila Frahm 142,487 41.6% Sam Brownback 187,914 54.8% Christina Campbell-Cline 12,378 3.6% 342,779

In 1996, Bob Dole resigned from the U.S. Senate to focus on his campaign for U.S. President. Lieutenant Governor Sheila Frahm was appointed to Dole's Senate seat by Governor Bill Graves. Brownback defeated Frahm in the Republican primary and won the general election against Jill Docking to serve out the remainder of Dole's term.

U.S. Senator

Kansas's 2nd congressional district: 1994 results[174]
Year Democratic Votes Pct Republican Votes Pct Overall Turnout
1994 John Carlin 71,025 34.4% Sam Brownback 135,725 65.6% 206,750

U.S. House of Representatives

Electoral history

In April 2009, Brownback introduced the Congo Conflict Minerals Act of 2009 to require electronics companies to verify and disclose their sources of conflict minerals, such as cassiterite, wolframite, and tantalum. This legislation died in committee. However, measures to control the sale of conflict minerals were later included in the Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, which Brownback voted against.

Brownback voted against banning chemical weapons.[94] He voted "yes" on reauthorizing the PATRIOT Act and voted "yes" on extending the PATRIOT Act's wiretap provision.[94] In May 2007, Brownback stated that "Iran is the lead sponsor of terrorism around the world." He supports talks and peaceful measures with Iran, but no formal diplomatic relations.[94]

Brownback's voting record on civil rights was rated 20 percent by the ACLU. He voted "yes" on ending special funding for minority and women-owned business and "yes" on recommending a Constitutional ban on flag desecration. He opposes quotas in admission to institutions of higher education.[94] He voted "yes" on increasing penalties for drug offenses and voted "yes" on more penalties for gun and drug violations.[94]

Brownback introduced into the Senate a resolution (Senate Joint Resolution 4) calling for the United States to apologize for past mistreatment of Native Americans.[171][172][173]

Brownback is a lead sponsor of the International Marriage Broker Regulation Act of 2005 and frequently speaks out against the mail-order bride industry.[170]

Brownback voted to maintain current gun laws: guns sold without trigger locks. He opposes gun control.[94]

He has said he does not believe there is an inherent NSA wiretapping program.[169]

On September 3, 1997, Meredith O'Rourke, an employee of Kansas firm Triad Management Services, was deposed by the Senate Committee on Governmental Affairs regarding her activities and observations while providing services for the company relative to fund raising and advertising for Brownback. The deposition claims that Triad circumvented existing campaign finance laws by channeling donations through Triad, and also bypassed the campaign law with Triad running 'issue ads' during Brownback's first campaign for the Senate.[167][168]

On June 15, 2006, President George W. Bush signed into law the Broadcast Decency Enforcement Act of 2005 sponsored by Brownback, a former broadcaster himself. The new law stiffens the penalties for each violation of the Act. The Federal Communications Commission will be able to impose fines in the amount of $325,000 for each violation by each station that violates decency standards. The legislation raises the fine by tenfold.[165][166]

On September 27, 2006, Brownback introduced a bill called the Truth in Video Game Rating Act (S.3935), which would regulate the rating system of computer and video games.

Other issues

Brownback supports adult stem cell research and cord blood stem cells. Brownback appeared with three children adopted from in vitro fertilization clinics to coincide with a Senate debate over the Cord Blood Stem Cell Act of 2005[163] to show his support for the bill and adult stem cell research. The Religious Freedom Coalition refers to children conceived through the adopted in vitro process as "snowflake children."[164] The term, as proponents explain, is an extension of the idea that the embryos are "frozen and unique," and in that way are similar to snowflakes.[164] Brownback supports the use of cord blood stem cell research for research and treatment. He opposes the use of embryonic stem cells in research or treatments for human health conditions.[94]

Stem cell research

On February 10, 2015, Brownback issued an executive order rescinding protections for lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender state workers that was put into place by then-Gov. Kathleen Sebelius eight years previously.[162] In the Feb 11 edition of The Daily Show, Jon Stewart suggested that an internet campaign similar to the campaign for "santorum" neologism could introduce a sex-related neologism "brownbacking" in order to embarrass Brownback.

In 2014, the U.S. Supreme Court denied petitions to review several federal appellate decisions overturning state bans on same-sex marriage.[157][158] The court’s actions favored repeal of Kansas's ban on same-sex marriage because two of the appeals (Kitchen v. Herbert and Bishop v. Oklahoma) originated in the United States Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit, which includes Kansas.[157][158] In response, Brownback defended Kansas's same-sex marriage ban as being supported by a majority of Kansas voters and criticized "activist judges" for "overruling" the people of Kansas.[159][160][161]

In 2013, after oral arguments in United States v. Windsor, the U.S. Supreme Court case striking down part of the Defense of Marriage Act, Brownback publicly reaffirmed his opposition to same-sex marriage.[156]

In February 2012, the Brownback administration supported a religious freedom bill that would have stopped cities, school districts, universities, and executive agencies from having nondiscrimination laws or policies that covered sexual orientation or gender identity.[153][154][155]

In January 2012, Brownback did not include Kansas's sodomy law in a list of unenforced and outdated laws that the legislature should repeal.[148][149][150][151] Gay rights advocates had asked his administration to recommend its repeal because the law has been unenforceable since the Supreme Court's Lawrence v. Texas decision in 2003.[148][149][150][151][152]

In April 2011, Brownback began work on a Kansas government program to promote marriage, in part through grants to faith-based an secular social service organizations.[144][145] In June 2011, the administration revised contract expectations for social work organizations to promote married mother-father families.[146][147] It explained the change as benefiting children.[146][147]

In 2006, Brownback blocked the confirmation of federal judicial nominee Janet T. Neff because she had attended a same-sex commitment ceremony.[141][142][143] At first, he agreed to lift the block only if Neff would recuse herself from all cases involving same-sex unions.[141][142][143] Brownback later dropped his opposition.[141][142][143]

In 2003, Brownback worked with Alliance for Marriage and Traditional Values Coalition to introduce a Senate bill containing the Federal Marriage Amendment, a proposed amendment to the United States Constitution that would federally prohibit same-sex marriage in the United States.[136][137][138][139] The bill was a response to Goodridge v. Department of Public Health, the Massachusetts state court decision finding that same-sex couples had the right to marry in Massachusetts.[136][137][138] In reaction to the Goodridge decision, Brownback stated that same-sex marriage threatened the health of American families and culture.[140]

In 1996, as a member of the House of Representatives, Brownback voted for the anti-gay hate groups by the Southern Poverty Law Center.

LGBT issues

In October 2007, Brownback announced his support for a plan designed by Benny Elon, chairman of Israel's right-wing NU/NRP party.[4] Elon's positions include dismantling the Palestinian National Authority and Hamas and rejecting a two-state solution. The plan calls for the complete annexation of the West Bank by Israel, and the deportation of its Arab population to a new Palestinian state in present-day Jordan.

Israel and the Palestinian Territories

On June 7, 2007, Brownback voted against the Habeas Corpus Restoration Act of 2007 when that bill came up for a vote in the Senate Judiciary Committee, on which Brownback sits.[116] (The bill was passed out of the committee by a vote of 11 to 8.)[117] The bill aims to restore habeas corpus rights revoked by the Military Commissions Act of 2006.[118]

In May 2007 Brownback stated, "We have not lost war; we can win by pulling together" He voted Yes on authorizing use of military force against Iraq, voted No on requiring on-budget funding for Iraq, not emergency funding and voted No on redeploying troops out of Iraq by July 2007.[94] He has also condemned anti-Muslim bigotry in name of anti-terrorism.[86]

Brownback supported a political surge coupled with the military surge of 2007 in Iraq and opposed the Democratic Party's strategy of timed withdrawal:

Brownback posing with U.S. troops in Iraq.


Brownback has a voting record that has tended to support higher legal immigration levels[109] and strong refugee protection. Brownback was cosponsor of a 2005 bill of Ted Kennedy and John McCain's which would have created a legal path to citizenship for millions of illegal immigrants already present.[110] On June 26, 2007, Brownback voted in favor of S. 1639, the Comprehensive Immigration Reform Act.[111][112] Brownback supports increasing numbers of legal immigrants, building a fence on Mexican border, and the reform bill "if enforced." While he initially supported giving guest workers a path to citizenship, Brownback eventually voted "Nay" on June 28, 2007.[113] Brownback has said that he supports immigration reform because the Bible says to welcome the stranger.[114]


On December 16, 2006, Brownback gave an interview to the Christian Post, stating: "We can get to this goal of eliminating deaths by cancer in ten years."[108]

Brownback supports a bill that would introduce price transparency to the U.S. health care industry,[106] as well as a bill which would require the disclosure of Medicare payment rate information.[107]

Brownback opposes a single-payer, government-run health-care system. He supports increased health insurance portability, eliminating insurance rejection due to pre-existing medical conditions, a cap on frivolous malpractice lawsuits, the implementation of an [86] Brownback supports negotiating bulk discounts on Medicare drug benefits to reduce prices. In 2007, Senators Brownback and Sherrod Brown (D-OH) sponsored an amendment to the Food and Drug Administration Amendments Act of 2007. The amendment created a prize as an incentive for companies to invest in new drugs and vaccines for neglected tropical diseases. It awards a transferable “Priority Review Voucher" to any company that obtains approval for a treatment for a neglected tropical disease. This provision adds to the market-based incentives available for the development of new medicines for developing world diseases such as malaria, tuberculosis and African sleeping sickness. The prize was initially proposed by Duke University faculty Henry Grabowski, Jeffrey Moe, and David Ridley in their 2006 Health Affairs paper: "Developing Drugs for Developing Countries."[105]

Health care

He has supported the Discovery Institute, hub of the intelligent design movement, and has argued extensively on their behalf during Discovery Institute intelligent design campaigns such as the Santorum Amendment, Teach the Controversy, and against the denial of tenure at Iowa State University to Institute Fellow Guillermo Gonzalez. The university presented an extensively documented case that tenure for Gonzalez was denied due to sub-par research and academic performance, and not for his teaching intelligent design.[102][102][103][104]

Brownback has stated that he is a devout believer in a higher power and rejects macroevolution as an exclusive explanation for the development over time of new species from older ones.[100] Brownback favors giving teachers the freedom to use intelligent design to critique evolutionary theory as part of the Teach the Controversy approach:


In 2005, the organization [86]

Environmental protection

He was rated 100 percent by the Cato Institute, indicating a pro-free trade voting record.[94]

He has consistently supported a low tax and spend policy for government. As governor he urged a flattening of the income tax to spur economic growth in Kansas. In December 2005, Brownback advocated using Washington, DC, as a laboratory for a flat tax.[97][98] He voted Yes on a Balanced-budget constitutional amendment. He opposed the Estate Tax.

He was rated 100 percent by the US Chamber of Commerce, indicating a pro-business voting record.

Economic Issues

Brownback visited refugee camps in Sudan in 2004 and returned to write a resolution labeling the Darfur conflict as genocide, and has been active on attempting to increase U.S. efforts to resolve the situation short of military intervention.[95] He is an endorser of the Genocide Intervention Network, which called him a "champion of Darfur" in its Darfur scorecard, primarily for his early advocacy of the Darfur Peace and Accountability Act.[96]


Brownback said in an interview, "I am not a supporter of a death penalty, other than in cases where we cannot protect the society and have other lives at stake."[92] In a speech on the Senate Judiciary Committee, he questioned the current use of the death penalty as potentially incongruent with the notion of a "culture of life", and suggested it be employed in a more limited fashion.[93] He voted YES on making federal death penalty appeals harder and voted NO on maintaining the right of habeas corpus in death penalty appeals.[94] These two votes occurred before his conversion to Catholicism in 2002 – since his conversion, he has echoed Pope John Paul II's remarks against the death penalty.

Capital punishment

Brownback has said he believes private donations should fund arts and culture in the state.[91] In May 2011, Brownback eliminated by executive order and then subsequently vetoed government funding for the Kansas Arts Commission in response to state defiance of his executive order, making Kansas the first state to defund its arts commission.[59] The commission was created in 1966.


In 2007, Brownback stated he "could support a pro-choice nominee" to the presidency, because "this is a big coalition party."[90]

Brownback is [86] Brownback was personally anti-abortion though politically pro-choice during the early days of his career.[87] Brownback has more recently stated, "I see it as the lead moral issue of our day, just like slavery was the lead moral issue 150 years ago."[88] On May 3, 2007, when asked his opinion of repealing Roe v. Wade, Brownback said, "It would be a glorious day of human liberty and freedom."[89]



Brownback was reelected, defeating Davis by just under a four percent margin.[85]

In July 2014, more than 100 Kansas Republican officials endorsed his Democratic opponent Davis. These Kansas Republicans said their concern was related to deep cuts in education and other government services as well as the tax cuts that have left the state with a major deficit.[84]

In October 2013, Kansas state representative Paul Davis, the Democratic minority leader of the Kansas House of Representatives, announced he would challenge Brownback in the 2014 Kansas gubernatorial election.[83]

2014 gubernatorial election

The tax cuts and the effect on the economy of Kansas, received considerable criticism in the media, including Michael Hiltzik in the Los Angeles Times, the editorial board of the Washington Post, The New Republic, and the New York Times who described Brownback's "conservative experiment" as a laboratory for policies that are “too far to the right", and that as a result, more than 100 current and former Republican elected officials endorsed his opponent in the 2014 gubernatorial race, Paul Davis.[79][80][81] Grover Norquist defended the tax cuts as a model for the nation.[82]

The act has received criticism for shifting the tax burden from wealthy Kansans to low- and moderate-income workers,[75] with the top income tax rate dropping by 25%.[76] Under Brownback, Kansas also lowered the sales tax and eliminated a tax on small businesses.[76] The tax cuts helped contribute to Moody's downgrading of the state's bond rating in 2014.[77] They also contributed to the S&P Ratings' credit downgrade from AA+ to AA in August 2014 due to a budget that analysts described as structurally unbalanced.[78] As of June 2014, the state has fallen far short of projected tax collections, receiving $369 million instead of the planned-for $651 million.[79]

In an op-ed dated May 2014 in The Wall Street Journal, titled "A Midwest Renaissance Rooted in the Reagan Formula", Brownback compared his tax cut policies with those of Ronald Reagan, and announced a “prosperous future" for Kansas, Oklahoma and Missouri, by having elected the economic principles that Reagan laid out in 1964.[74]

The law eliminates income taxes for the owners of 191,000 businesses, and cuts individual's income tax rates.[73] The income tax cuts would provide US$231 million in tax relief in its first year, growing to US$934 million after six years.[73] A forecast from the Legislature’s research staff indicated that a budget shortfall will emerge by 2014 and will grow to nearly US$2.5 billion by July 2018.[73] The cuts were based on model legislation published by the American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC).[65][66]

In May 2012, Brownback signed into law one of the largest income tax cuts in Kansas' history.[6] Brownback described the tax cuts as a live experiment, stating that “[on] taxes, you need to get your overall rates down, and you need to get your social manipulation out of it, in my estimation, to create growth. We’ll see how it works. We’ll have a real live experiment."[72]


Brownback was the only other governor to attend Governor Rick Perry's prayer event in August 2011.[67][68] About 22,000 people attended the rally, and Brownback and Perry were the only elected officials to speak.[69] The decision resulted in some controversy and newspaper editorials demonstrating disappointment in his attendance of the rally.[70][71]

Prayer rally

Brownback also signed into law the Health Care Freedom Act, based on model legislation published by the American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC).[65][66]

In August 2011, Brownback announced he was declining a $31.5 million grant from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services to set up an insurance exchange as part of the federal health care reform law.[63] In May 2011, Brownback had directed the state's insurance commissioner to slow the implementation timeline for the exchange development. Upon announcing the refusal of the budgeted grant money for the state, his office stated, "There is much uncertainty surrounding the ability of the federal government to meet its already budgeted future spending obligations. Every state should be preparing for fewer federal resources, not more. To deal with that reality Kansas needs to maintain maximum flexibility. That requires freeing Kansas from the strings attached to the Early Innovator Grant."[7] The move was unanimously supported by the delegates of the state party central committee at its August 2011 meeting, but a The New York Times editorial criticized Brownback for turning down the grant which could have helped ease the state's own budget: "Instead of letting Kansas design its own model program for an online computer exchange to help people choose among health insurance providers, Mr. Brownback’s rebuff increases the likelihood that the state must design one at its own expense or see federal officials create an exchange, as required under the new law."[64]

Health care

In April 2014, Brownback signed a school finance bill that would drive millions of dollars to Kansas schools. The bill also raised controversy by eliminating mandatory due process hearings, which are held before experienced teachers could be fired by the district. "The bill also allows school districts to hire unlicensed teachers for science and math classes. And it creates a tax break for corporations that donate to private school scholarship funds."[61] The resulting cuts in funding caused districts to shut down the school year early.[62]


Brownback tried to eliminate the Kansas Arts Commission by executive order; however, the Kansas state legislature defied Brownback by restoring $689,000 in appropriations.[58] Brownback responded by vetoing government funding for the Kansas Arts Commission in May 2011, making Kansas the first state to de-fund its arts agency.[59] The commission was created in 1966. The decision has been one of his most controversial during his tenure as governor, generating opposition from Kansas arts leaders and enthusiasts around the state. The National Endowment for the Arts informed Kansas that without a funded state arts agency, it would not receive a planned $700,000 federal grant.[60]


On April 7, 2015, Brownback signed The Unborn Child Protection From Dismemberment Abortion Act, which bans the most common technique used for second-trimester abortions. This made Kansas the first state to do so.[56][57]

In April 2013, Brownback signed a bill that blocked tax breaks for abortion providers, banned sex-selection abortions and declared that life begins at fertilization. The law notes that any rights suggested by the language are limited by U.S. Supreme Court decisions.[8]

In May 2012, Brownback signed the Health Care Rights of Conscience Act, which "will allow pharmacists to refuse to provide drugs they believe might cause an abortion".[55]

[54] Brownback has defended anti-abortion laws in Kansas, including the Planned Parenthood defunding. "You can’t know for sure what all comes out of that afterwards, but it was the will of the Legislature and the people of the state of Kansas", Brownback said.[53] In response, the state filed an appeal seeking to overturn the judge's decision.[52] A Kansas budget passed with Brownback's approval in 2011 blocked

Brownback signed three anti-abortion bills in 2011. In April 2011, he signed a bill banning abortion after 21 weeks based on his belief that fetuses can feel pain at that point, and a bill requiring that a doctor get a parent's notarized signature before providing an abortion to a patient younger than 17.[49] In May 2011, Brownback approved a bill prohibiting insurance companies from offering abortion coverage as part of general health plans unless the procedure is necessary to save a woman's life. The law also prohibits any health-insurance exchange in Kansas established under the federal Affordable Care Act from offering coverage for abortions other than to save a woman’s life.[50]


Brownback has proposed fundamental tax reform to encourage investment and generate wealth while creating new jobs. Consistent with those objectives, he also has proposed structural reforms to the state's largest budget items, school finance,[45] Medicaid,[46] and Kansas Public Employees Retirement System (KPERS), which have unfunded liabilities of $8.3 billion.[47] Brownback sought to follow a "red state model", passing conservative social and economic policies.[48]

Sam Brownback speaking at the 2015 Conservative Political Action Conference (CPAC) in National Harbor, Maryland on February 27, 2015.

Legislative agenda

As governor Brownback's demeanor is informal. At the Kansas capitol he may often found in the rotunda drinking coffee or in the hallways conversing with legislators. Two major goals were to eliminate income taxes and to increase spending on education, goals that have potential for conflict.[44]

Governor of Kansas

On Nov. 2, 2010, Brownback won over Holland with 63.3% of the vote,[42] replacing Governor Mark Parkinson, who was sworn in after former Governor Kathleen Sebelius resigned from her position and accepted the appointment to US Secretary of Health and Human Services in 2009.[43]

On June 1, 2010, Brownback named Kansas state Senator Jeff Colyer as his running mate.[41]

Polling agency Rasmussen Reports found that Brownback led his then-likely Democratic opponent, Tom Holland, by 31 points in May 2010.[1][40]

In 2008, Brownback acknowledged he was considering running for governor in 2010.[38] In January 2009, Brownback officially filed the paperwork to run for governor.[39]

2010 gubernatorial campaign

On August 11, 2007, Brownback finished third in the Ames Straw Poll with 15.3 percent of all votes cast. Fundraising and visits to his website declined dramatically after this event, as many supporters had predicted Brownback would do much better, and speculation began that the candidate was considering withdrawing from the campaign. This sentiment increased after his lackluster performance in the GOP presidential debate of September 5, broadcast from New Hampshire by Fox News Channel.[34] He dropped out of the race on October 18, 2007, citing a lack of funds.[35] He formally announced his decision on October 19.[36] He later endorsed John McCain for president.[37]

Official US Senator portrait.

On December 4, 2006, Brownback formed an exploratory committee, the first step toward candidacy, and announced his presidential bid the next day.[30] His views placed him in the social conservative wing of the Republican party, and he stressed his fiscal conservatism. "I am an economic, a fiscal, a social and a compassionate conservative", he said in December 2006.[31] On January 20, 2007, in Topeka, he announced that he was running for President in 2008.[32] On February 22, 2007, a poll conducted by Rasmussen Reports held that three percent of likely primary voters would support Brownback.[33]

2008 presidential campaign


Brownback supporters argued that the rooms rented out at C Street were not the equivalent of individual apartments with private bathrooms, kitchens, and living rooms. The lawmakers share communal space. Senator Tom Coburn's spokesman John Hart told The Hill: "Anyone who has spent 10 minutes on Craigslist would realize that C Street residents pay fair-market value," Hart said. “Residents at the [C Street] boarding house have one bedroom. Most share a bathroom. All pay for their own meals and share personal space with the other residents and guests. They even share the remote … they fight over their favorite channel."[28] In addition, Hart stated that there are several Craigslist ads that demonstrate that $950 is fair market value for a room on Capitol Hill.[28][29]

On April 1, 2010, news sources reported that The Fellowship. According to the report, Brownback, three additional senators, and four U.S. representatives were staying in the townhome. CREW alleged that the property, rented out for $950 a month per person, was being let well under the rate of similar lodging in the neighborhood, which regularly ran from $4,400 to $7,500.

C Street residence

As of April, 2012, Brownback had an approval rating of 34 percent according to a Survey USA Poll.[26] A Republican polling company found his approval rating to be 51 percent in May 2012.[27]

As of August 12, 2007, in the 110th Session of Congress, Brownback had missed 123 votes due to campaigning (39.7 percent) – surpassed only by Tim Johnson (D) of South Dakota who due to a critical illness had missed 100% of the votes of the 110th Session, and John McCain (R) of Arizona with 149 votes missed due to campaigning (48.1 percent).[25]

In 2000, Brownback and Congressman Chris Smith led the effort to enact the Trafficking Victims Protection Act.[23] President Clinton signed the legislation in October 2000. According to Christianity Today, the stronger enforcement increased the number of U.S. federal trafficking cases eightfold in the five years after enactment.[24]

Brownback did not run for reelection in 2010, in accordance with his support of term limits for members of Congress.[22]

[21] Brownback was a member of the


Sheila Frahm was appointed to fill the seat of U.S. Senator Bob Dole when Dole resigned in 1996 to campaign for president. Brownback defeated Frahm in the 1996 Republican primary and went on to win the general election against Democrat Jill Docking.[19] In 1998 Brownback was elected to a full six-year term, defeating Democrat Paul Feleciano. He won reelection in the 2004 Senate election with 69% of the vote, defeating his Democratic challenger, Lee Jones, a former Washington, D.C. lobbyist.[20]


U.S. Senator

Brownback was an attorney in Manhattan, Kansas,[11] before becoming the Kansas secretary of agriculture in 1986. In 1990, he was accepted into the White House Fellow program and detailed to the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative from 1990 to 1991. Brownback then returned to Kansas to resume his position as secretary of agriculture and remained in that position until 1993. He was elected to the United States House of Representatives in 1994 and next ran in the 1996 special election to replace Senator Bob Dole, who had resigned his seat during his presidential campaign, beating appointed Republican Sheila Frahm.

Early career

Brownback told Rolling Stone that he had moved from mainline Protestantism to evangelicalism before his 2002 conversion to Catholicism.[18]

Senator Brownback discusses science and religion in American politics in October 2007, during his Presidential run. A full transcript is found here.


Brownback is married to Mary Brownback (née Stauffer), whose family owned and operated Stauffer Communications until its sale in 1995.[16] They have five children: Abby, Andy, Elizabeth, Mark, and Jenna; two of their children are adopted.[17]


Personal life

After college, Brownback spent about a year working as a broadcaster; he hosted a weekly half-hour show.[11][15]

[14] in 1982.University of Kansas from the J.D. He received his [13].Alpha Gamma Rho, he was elected student body president and was a member of Kansas State University While at [12]

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