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Samara Oblast

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Samara Oblast

Samara Oblast
Самарская область (Russian)
—  Oblast  —

Flag

Coat of arms
Coordinates:
Political status
Country Russia
Federal district Volga[1]
Economic region Volga[2]
Established May 14, 1928
Administrative center Samara
Government (as of May 2012)
 • Governor Nikolay Merkushkin (Acting)
 • Legislature Oblast Duma
Statistics
Area (as of the 2002 Census)[3]
 • Total 53,600 km2 (20,700 sq mi)
Area rank 50th
Population (2010 Census)[4]
 • Total 3,215,532
 • Rank 11th
 • Density[5] 59.99/km2 (155.4/sq mi)
 • Urban 80.2%
 • Rural 19.8%
Time zone(s) SAMT (UTC+04:00)[6]
ISO 3166-2 RU-SAM
License plates 63, 163
Official languages Russian[7]
Official website

Samara Oblast (Russian: Сама́рская о́бласть, tr. Samarskaya oblast; IPA: ) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). Its administrative center is the city of Samara. Population: 3,215,532 (2010 Census).[4]

In 1936–1990, it was known as Kuybyshev Oblast (Russian: Ку́йбышевская о́бласть, tr. Kuybyshevskaya Oblast; IPA: ), after the Soviet name of Samara (Kuybyshev).

Contents

  • Administrative divisions 1
  • Demographics 2
  • Economy 3
  • Politics 4
  • Religion 5
  • Sister relations 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

Administrative divisions

Demographics

Population: 3,215,532 (2010 Census);[4] 3,239,737 (2002 Census);[8] 3,265,586 (1989 Census).[9]

Ethnic groups: According to the 2010 Census, the ethnic makeup of the region was:[4]

  • 2,645,124 Russians (85.6%)
  • 126,124 Tatars (4.1%)
  • 84,105 Chuvash (2.7%)
  • 65,447 Mordvins (2.1%)
  • 42,169 Ukrainians (1.4%)
  • 22,981 Armenians (0.7%)
  • 123,691 people were registered from administrative databases, and could not declare an ethnicity. It is estimated that the proportion of ethnicities in this group is the same as that of the declared group.[10]
  • Births (2008): 36,439 (11.5 per 1000) [11]
  • Deaths (2008): 48,593 (15.3 per 1000)
Vital statistics for 2012
  • Births: 38 952 (12.1 per 1000)
  • Deaths: 44 593 (13.9 per 1000) [12]
  • Total fertility rate:[13]

2009 - 1.42 | 2010 - 1.44 | 2011 - 1.44 | 2012 - 1.54 | 2013 - 1.59 | 2014 - 1.65(e)

Economy

In 1997, Samara Oblast became one of the few regions to receive the approval of the President of Russia to implement external bonded loans (Presidential decree № 1212, dated 12.10.1997 “On Creating Conditions to Conduct Loans Operations on the Internal and External Capital Markets”).

Politics

LDPR meeting in front of the Oblast administration building

During the Soviet period, the high authority in the oblast was shared between three persons: The first secretary of the Samara CPSU Committee (who in reality had the biggest authority), the chairman of the oblast Soviet (legislative power), and the Chairman of the oblast Executive Committee (executive power). Since 1991, CPSU lost all the power, and the head of the Oblast administration, and eventually the governor was appointed/elected alongside elected regional parliament.

The Charter of Samara Oblast is the fundamental law of the region. The Legislative Assembly of Samara Oblast is the province's standing legislative (representative) body. The Legislative Assembly exercises its authority by passing laws, resolutions, and other legal acts and by supervising the implementation and observance of the laws and other legal acts passed by it. The highest executive body is the Oblast Government, which includes territorial executive bodies such as district administrations, committees, and commissions that facilitate development and run the day to day matters of the province. The Oblast administration supports the activities of the Governor who is the highest official and acts as guarantor of the observance of the oblast Charter in accordance with the Constitution of Russia.

Governors:

Religion




Religion in Samara Oblast (2012)[14][15]

  Russian Orthodox (35%)
  Unaffiliated Christian (7%)
  Muslim (3%)
  Rodnover (1%)
  Other Orthodox (1%)
  Spiritual but not religious (30%)
  Atheist (13%)
  Other or undeclared (10%)

According to a 2012 official survey[14] 35% of the population of Samara Oblast adheres to the Russian Orthodox Church, 7% are unaffiliated generic Christians, 1% adheres to other Orthodox Churches, 3% are Muslims, and 1% of the population adheres to Rodnovery (Slavic Neopaganism). In addition, 30% of the population deems itself to be "spiritual but not religious", 13% is atheist, and a further 10% follows other religions or did not give an answer to the question.[14]

Sister relations

References

  1. ^ Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", №20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  2. ^ Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  3. ^ Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). )"Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation"Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 2011-11-01. 
  4. ^ a b c d Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian).  
  5. ^ The density value was calculated by dividing the population reported by the 2010 Census by the area shown in the "Area" field. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox is not necessarily reported for the same year as the population.
  6. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  7. ^ Official on the whole territory of Russia according to Article 68.1 of the Constitution of Russia.
  8. ^  
  9. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Перепись-2010: русских становится больше". Perepis-2010.ru. 2011-12-19. Retrieved 2012-08-13. 
  11. ^ [2]
  12. ^ http://www.gks.ru/free_doc/2012/demo/edn12-12.htm
  13. ^ http://www.gks.ru/wps/wcm/connect/rosstat_main/rosstat/ru/statistics/publications/catalog/doc_1137674209312
  14. ^ a b c Arena - Atlas of Religions and Nationalities in Russia. Sreda.org
  15. ^ 2012 Survey Maps. "Ogonek", № 34 (5243), 27/08/2012. Retrieved 24-09-2012.
  16. ^ Hungary and Russia sister city relationships

External links

  • Media related to at Wikimedia Commons
  • (English) Official website of Samara Oblast
  • PolitSamara - newspaper
  • (English) Central Eurasian Information Resource: Images of Samara Oblast - University of Washington Digital Collection
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