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Samuel Dexter

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Title: Samuel Dexter  
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Subject: James McHenry, Theodore Sedgwick, Timothy Pickering, Dwight Foster (1757–1823), United States House of Representatives elections, 1794
Collection: 1761 Births, 1816 Deaths, American Temperance Activists, Burials at Mount Auburn Cemetery, Dexter, Maine, Federalist Party United States Senators, Fellows of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Harvard University Alumni, Jefferson Administration Cabinet Members, John Adams Administration Cabinet Members, Massachusetts Federalists, Members of the Massachusetts House of Representatives, Members of the United States House of Representatives from Massachusetts, People from Dedham, Massachusetts, People from Greater Boston, United States Secretaries of the Treasury, United States Secretaries of War, United States Senators from Massachusetts
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Samuel Dexter

Samuel Dexter
3rd United States Secretary of the Treasury
In office
January 1, 1801 – May 13, 1801
President John Adams
Thomas Jefferson
Preceded by Oliver Wolcott
Succeeded by Albert Gallatin
4th United States Secretary of War
In office
June 1, 1800 – January 31, 1801
President John Adams
Preceded by James McHenry
Succeeded by Henry Dearborn
United States Senator
from Massachusetts
In office
March 4, 1799 – May 30, 1800
Preceded by Theodore Sedgwick
Succeeded by Dwight Foster
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Massachusetts's 1st district
In office
March 4, 1793 – March 4, 1795
Preceded by Fisher Ames
Succeeded by Theodore Sedgwick
Personal details
Born (1761-05-14)May 14, 1761
Boston, Massachusetts
Died May 4, 1816(1816-05-04) (aged 54)
Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
Political party Federalist
Alma mater Harvard University
Signature

Samuel Dexter (May 14, 1761 – May 4, 1816) was an early American statesman who served both in Congress and in the Presidential Cabinet.

Contents

  • Life 1
  • Legacy 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

Life

Born in Boston, Massachusetts, to the Rev. Samuel Dexter, the 4th minister of Dedham, he graduated from Harvard University in 1781 and then studied law at Worcester under Levi Lincoln, Sr., the future Attorney General of the United States. After he passed the bar in 1784, he began practicing in Lunenburg, Massachusetts.

He was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1800.[1]

He served for less than a year as he was appointed United States Secretary of War by President John Adams in 1800. During his time at this station he urged congressional action to permit appointment and compensation of field officers for general staff duty.

Dexter depicted on US Fractional currency.

Upon Secretary of the Treasury Oliver Wolcott, Jr.'s resignation in December 1800, Adams appointed Dexter as interim Secretary. He then briefly conducted the affairs of the War Office. He administered the oath of office to Chief Justice John Marshall, and later declined the ambassadorship to Spain.

He returned to Boston in 1805 and resumed the practice of law. He left the Federalist party to espouse Republican views on the Massachusetts.

He died on May 4, 1816 shortly before his 55th birthday and is buried in Mount Auburn Cemetery in Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Simon Newton Dexter and Andrew Dexter, Jr. were his nephews.

Samuel W. Dexter, founder of Dexter, Michigan, was his son.

Legacy

Samuel Dexter is the namesake of Dexter, Maine.[2] The USRC Dexter (1830) was named in his honor.

References

  1. ^ "Book of Members, 1780–2010: Chapter D" (PDF). American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved July 28, 2014. 
  2. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 105. 

External links

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Fisher Ames
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
Massachusetts's 1st congressional district

1793–1795
Succeeded by
Theodore Sedgwick
United States Senate
Preceded by
Theodore Sedgwick
U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Massachusetts
1799–1800
Served alongside: Benjamin Goodhue
Succeeded by
Dwight Foster
Political offices
Preceded by
James McHenry
United States Secretary of War
1800–1801
Succeeded by
Henry Dearborn
Preceded by
Oliver Wolcott
United States Secretary of the Treasury
1801
Succeeded by
Albert Gallatin
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