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Samuel Lount

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Title: Samuel Lount  
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Subject: Peter Matthews (rebel), Charles Duncombe (Upper Canada Rebellion), Hunters' Lodges, Rebellions of 1837, Anthony Van Egmond
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Samuel Lount

Historical plaque to Sam Lount at Holland Landing, Ontario
The site of Lount's hanging at King and Toronto Streets is marked
Emanuel Hahn's Memorial to Lount at Mackenzie House, Toronto
Sharon Temple located in Sharon, Ontario

Samuel Lount (September 24, 1791 – April 12, 1838) was a blacksmith, farmer, magistrate and member of the Legislative Assembly in the province of Upper Canada Rebellion of 1837, for which he was hanged. His execution made him a martyr to the Upper Canadian Reform movement.[1]


  • Early life 1
  • Political activity 2
  • 1837 Rebellion 3
  • Legacy 4
  • In popular culture 5
  • Notes 6
  • External links 7

Early life

Lount was born in Catawissa, Pennsylvania, United States, in 1791. He was the first son of English immigrant Gabriel Lount (1759-1827) who arrived in Philadelphia in 1773 as an indentured servant, served in the Pennsylvania Militia 1777-1778, then moved to Cape May, New Jersey about 1782. Samuel's mother Philadelphia Hughes (1765- c. 1827), was of an early Cape May Presbyterian founding family, was the grand daughter of Revolutionary-era Patriot James Whilldin and a direct descendent of Mayflower passengers John Howland and Elizabeth Tilley. The Lounts and the extended Hughes family emigrated from Cape May to Catawissa, Northumberland, Pennsylvania about 1790, then to Whitchurch Township in Upper Canada in 1811. Gabriel Lount and his sons Samuel, Gabriel and George became surveyors and extensive land owners in Upper Canada. Gabriel Lount served as a Member of Parliament from Upper Canada, as did his son Samuel.

Lount never appears to have been a Quaker, or a member of the closely related

  • Dictionary of Canadian Biography OnlineBiography at the
  • Ontario Plaques - Samuel Lount
  • Direct Descendants of Samuel Lount
  • Extended Descendants of Samuel Lount
  • Samuel Lount dot org

External links

  1. ^ Lount, Samuel. "Dictionary of Canadian Biography". 
  2. ^ Schrauwers, Albert (1993). Awaiting the Millennium: The Children of Peace and the Village of Hope 1812-1889. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. p. 160. 
  3. ^ Colonial Advocate. 21 March 1836. 
  4. ^ Schrauwers, Albert (2009). Union is Strength: W.L. Mackenzie, the Children of Peace, and the Emergence of Joint Stock Democracy in Upper Canada. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. p. 130. 
  5. ^ Schrauwers, Albert (2009). Union is Strength: W.L. Mackenzie, the Children of Peace, and the Emergence of Joint Stock Democracy in Upper Canada. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. p. 118. 
  6. ^ Schrauwers, Albert (2009). Union is Strength: W.L. Mackenzie, the Children of Peace, and the Emergence of Joint Stock Democracy in Upper Canada. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. p. 188. 
  7. ^ Schrauwers, Albert (2009). Union is Strength: W.L. Mackenzie, the Children of Peace, and the Emergence of Joint Stock Democracy in Upper Canada. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. pp. 195–8. 
  8. ^ Peppiatt, Liam. "Chapter 34: The Jails of the County". Robertson's Landmarks of Toronto Revisited. 
  9. ^ Healey, Robynne Rogers (2006). From Quaker to Upper Canadian: Faith And Community Among Yonge Street Friends, 1801-1850. Kingston-Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press. p. 165. 
  10. ^ Old Toronto: A selection of excerpts from Landmarks of Toronto, by John Ross Robertson, E.C. Kyte (editor), Macmillan, Toronto, 1954, p. 133.
  11. ^ Lount and Matthews Commemoration Salon on, 2013
  12. ^ Honouring Sam Lount & Peter Matthews, Patriots of 1837 in Canada's History, 2015
  13. ^ Rebellion Walking Tour at Mackenzie House on
  14. ^ Shaun J. McLaughlin, The Patriot War Along the New York-Upper Canada Border: Raiders and Rebels, The History Press, Charleston, SC, 2012, p. 87.
  15. ^ "Utopia Pictures". 


Samuel Lount, a 1985 film by Laurence Keane and Elvira Mary Lount (a great-great-grandniece of Samuel), portrayed the life of Samuel Lount (R. H. Thomson).[15]

In popular culture

  • Lount & Matthews Commemoration, an annual event marking their patriotism, held on or near the April 12 anniversary of their deaths[11] [12]
  • Rebellion Walking Tour, hosted by Mackenzie House in Toronto, on or near the April 12 anniversary of Lount's hanging[13]
  • a likeness of Samuel Lount was to appear on banknotes of the Republican Bank of Canada, the financial arm of the Hunters' Lodges.[14] Images of Peter Matthews and James Morreau were also to have appeared on the bank's notes, following their deaths at the hands of the British crown.

Samuel Lount Drive (Holland Landing)


Lount's last words were recorded: "Be of good courage boys, I am not ashamed of anything I've done, I trust in God, and I'm going to die like a man."[10] These words are replicated on a historical plaque near the site of the jail where he was executed.

Lount had intervened to try to get medical aid for loyalist Lieutenant Colonel Robert Moodie and had stopped Mackenzie from burning the house of sheriff William Botsford Jarvis. However, the Executive Council of the province had felt that they needed to set an example. Lount was accompanied by Matthews.

When the rebellion fell apart, Lount attempted to flee to the United States, but was arrested and accused of treason. Despite a petition signed by 35,000 Upper Canadians demanding clemency, Lount was hanged on April 12, 1838 in the courtyard of the King Street Gaol at King and Toronto Streets in Toronto. Joseph Sheard was the foreman for the jail and was expected to share in the work of building the scaffold. However, he refused saying, 'I'll not put a hand to it,' said he; 'Lount and Matthews have done nothing that I might not have done myself, and I'll never help build a gallows to hang them."[8] Peter Matthews, another public-spirited farmer who participated in the rebellion, was executed alongside him.[9]

In July 1837, just after the death of Children of Peace community in Sharon to join a planned march on Toronto and joined the rebel group gathered at Montgomery’s Tavern.

1837 Rebellion

In 1834, he was elected to the 12th Parliament of Upper Canada representing Simcoe County. In the Legislature, he sat on the committee to incorporate Canada's first farmers' co-operative, the "Farmers Storehouse Company", managed by Samuel Hughes.[5] Lount, like many reformers, was defeated in the election of 1836 due to widespread electoral fraud and violence. Charles Duncombe, who was another leader of the Rebellion, carried a Reform petition on the electoral irregularities in Lount's case to London but was refused an audience by the British Colonial Office.[6]

Samuel Lount first became politically active after the unjust expulsion of Samuel Hughes, an elder of the Children of Peace in Sharon.[4]

Political activity


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