San Martin Base

San Martin Base

The San Martín Base

Location map for San Martin Base

Coordinates: 68°8′S 67°6′W / 68.133°S 67.100°W / -68.133; -67.100

Elevation 5 m (16 ft)
Population
 • Total 18

The San Martín Base (in Spanish, Base San Martín) is an Argentine base in Antarctica, operated by the Instituto Antartico Argentino and located on the Barry Island near the Antarctic Peninsula's mountain range. It was founded on March 21, 1951 by Argentine Army Colonel D. H. Pujato, who named the base after the Argentine independence hero General José de San Martín. The number of people living in it is between 18 and 20.

San Martín is the westernmost Argentine Antarctic base, and has special importance because the area of its location is claimed at the same time by Argentina, Chile and the United Kingdom, and because it is near the Antarctic Peninsula Mountain Range, where scientists have discovered copper, and think there are more metals.

The base's motto is "Hombres de voluntad, luchan y vencen desde 1951". (Willing men, fight and win since 1951)

Historic site

Abandoned installations of the base, including a cross, flagpole and monolith erected in 1951, have been designated a Historic Site or Monument (HSM 26), following a proposal by Argentina to the Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meeting.[1]

Climate

Climate data for General San Martin
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 4.2
(39.6)
3.3
(37.9)
1.1
(34)
−1.6
(29.1)
−2.5
(27.5)
−4.9
(23.2)
−6.4
(20.5)
−6.9
(19.6)
−4.7
(23.5)
−3.2
(26.2)
0.1
(32.2)
3.2
(37.8)
−1.5
(29.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) 1.6
(34.9)
0.7
(33.3)
−1.5
(29.3)
−4.1
(24.6)
−5.9
(21.4)
−8.9
(16)
−11.1
(12)
−11.8
(10.8)
−9.7
(14.5)
−6.9
(19.6)
−3.0
(26.6)
−0.5
(31.1)
−5.1
(22.8)
Average low °C (°F) −0.5
(31.1)
−1.3
(29.7)
−3.7
(25.3)
−6.7
(19.9)
−8.7
(16.3)
−13.0
(8.6)
−16.3
(2.7)
−17.1
(1.2)
−14.8
(5.4)
−11.2
(11.8)
−6.2
(20.8)
−1.9
(28.6)
−8.5
(16.7)
Avg. snowy days 6 9 12 14 15 14 18 17 17 17 15 10 164
Source #1: Servicio Meteorologico Nacional,[2]
Source #2: Weatherbase[3]

External links

  • Official website Direccion Nacional del Antartico
  • (Spanish) Fundaciòn Marambio San Martìn Base page
  • COMNAP Antarctic Facilities
  • COMNAP Antarctic Facilities Map

References

Coordinates: 68°08′S 67°06′W / 68.133°S 67.100°W / -68.133; -67.100


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