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Sassanid dynasty

Article Id: WHEBN0004144108
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Title: Sassanid dynasty  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: February 15, History of Iraq, Nineveh, Persian people, History of Tajikistan, Tetrarchy, 3rd century, 241, 303, 260
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Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Sassanid dynasty

Main article: Sasanian Empire

The Sasanian dynasty, which reigned over the Second Persian empire or Sasanian Empire in Iran, was founded by Ardashir I after he defeated the last Parthian (Arsacid) king, Artabanus IV (Persian: اردوانArdavan)[1] and ended when the last Sasanian monarch, Yazdegerd III (632–651), lost a 14-year struggle to drive out the early Arab Caliphate, which was the first of the Islamic empires.


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sasan
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Babak
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ardashir I
r. 224–241
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Shapur I
r. 241–72
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Hormizd I
r. 272–273
 
 
 
Bahram I
r. 273–276
 
 
 
Narseh
r. 293–303
 
Shapur Mishanshah
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Hormozdak
 
 
 
Bahram II
r. 276–293
 
 
 
Hormizd II
r. 303–309
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Bahram III
r. 293
 
Shapur II
r. 309–379
 
Ardashir II
r. 379–383
 
Adhur Narseh
r. 309
 
Adurfrazgird
 
Hormizd
 
Zamasp
 
Hormozd-dokht
 
Unknown
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Bahram IV
r. 388–99
 
Shapur III
r. 383–388
 
Zruanduxt
 
 
 
 
 
Ormisdas
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Yazdegerd I
r. 399–420
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Bahram V
r. 420–438
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Yazdegerd II
r. 438–457
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Hormizd III
r. 457–459
 
Peroz I
r. 459–84
 
Balash
r. 484–488
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Kavadh I
r. 488–496,
498–531
 
Djamasp
r. 496–498
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Kawus
 
 
 
 
 
Khosrau I
r. 531–579
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Shapur
 
Hormizd IV
r. 579–590
 
 
 
 
Anosazad
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Khosrau II
r. 590–628
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Kavadh II
r. 628
 
Purandokht
r. 629–630
 
Azarmidokht
r. 630
 
Shahryar
 
Javanshir
 
Mardanshah
 
Khosrau IV
r. 631-632
 
Unknown
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ardashir III
r. 628–629
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Yazdegerd III
r. 632–651
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Hormizd VI
r. 630–632
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Peroz III
 
 
 
 
 
Bahram VII
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Narsieh
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

See also

References

la:Sassanidae

zh:薩珊王朝

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