World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Seniority

Article Id: WHEBN0000454355
Reproduction Date:

Title: Seniority  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Bump (union), LIFO (education), Primogeniture, Labor market of Japan, Ajith C. S. Perera
Collection: Hierarchy, Personnel Economics, Political Philosophy
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Seniority

Seniority is the concept of a person or group of people taking precedence over another person or group because the former is either older than the latter or has occupied a particular position longer than the latter. Seniority is present between parents and children and may be present in other common relationships, such as among siblings of different ages or between workers and their managers.

Under a seniority system, control is often granted to senior persons due to length of service in a given position. When persons of senior rank have less length of service than their subordinates, "seniority" may apply to either concept.

Contents

  • In armed forces 1
  • In politics 2
  • In employment 3
    • In transport 3.1
  • See also 4
  • References 5

In armed forces

In some military command structures, the length of time someone has held a particular rank is called "seniority in grade" and determines whether that person is senior to another person of the same rank. For instance, a captain who was promoted five years ago can give orders to a captain who was promoted three years ago.

In politics

Seniority in United States politics, when used out of context, is informally defined as the number of years one member of a group has been a part of the group. For example, as of January 2015, John Conyers from Michigan is the most senior member of the House of Representatives.[1] However, "seniority" can also refer to political power attained by position within the United States Government. For further details, see:

Seniority is viewed sometimes both positively and negatively. Many elected officials are viewed as retaining their position only because they have been there for many years, which can reflect voter stagnancy and the benefits of incumbency. On the other hand, long years of incumbency can also be seen as a sign of the person's ability to continue pleasing voters or the use of seniority to deliver benefits to constituents.

In some countries the Dean of the Diplomatic Corps receives special treatment.

In employment

In unionised companies, employees with more seniority may enjoy more work privileges. Here are examples:

  • Shift work at more favourable times
  • Work that is deemed easier or more pleasurable
  • Working hours at a more convenient time (convenience being relative to the employee)
  • Assignment to work, when a work reduction, or a reduction in available work hours results in layoffs

Seniority also has an influence over bumping rights, which is a reassignment of jobs, possibly for many people at a time.

Some traditionalist employers, common in smaller, single-operated business, take a "last in, first out" (LIFO) perspective, meaning those who have been there longest or who have tenure have the right to stay, whereas other employers take a "first in, first out" (FIFO) or "inverse seniority" viewpoint, which tends to emphasize a new or "fresh start" for the company.

In transport

Commercial aviation pilots working for a carrier have their privileges determined by their seniority or generally known as the "pilot seniority list." These privileges can be income level, routes flown, types of aircraft, work schedules and positions.[2][3][4][5] Seniority is most important when deciding which pilots to upgrade to a larger, more complex aircraft type; or for upgrading a First Officer to the rank of a Captain.

Engine drivers with many railways also have a seniority list, but it is focused on work scheduling. Younger engine drivers often serve as back-up personnel and must help out on a very short notice – for example when a colleague calls in sick or has a delay.

See also

References

  1. ^ http://pressgallery.house.gov/member-data/seniority
  2. ^ http://www.airlineempires.net/blog/2008/03/pilot-seniority-101-part-1-the-sacred-cow/
  3. ^ http://www.chron.com/disp/story.mpl/business/6984637.html
  4. ^ http://science.howstuffworks.com/pilot6.htm
  5. ^ http://science.howstuffworks.com/pilot7.htm
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.