World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar district

Article Id: WHEBN0004444965
Reproduction Date:

Title: Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar district  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Rupnagar district, Sri Muktsar Sahib district, Ludhiana district, Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar district, Barnala district
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar district

Nawanshahr district
ਨਵਾਂਸ਼ਹਿਰ ਜ਼ਿਲ੍ਹਾ
Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar
ਸ਼ਹੀਦ ਭਗਤ ਸਿੰਘ ਨਗਰ
District
Located in the eastern part of the state
Location in Punjab, India
Coordinates:
Country  India
State Punjab
Named for

meaning ‘New City’ because people shifted from the old town of Rahon avoiding the ravages of

Sutlej River.
Headquarters Nawanshahr
Government
 • Deputy Commissioner Anindita Mitra IAS
 • Additional Deputy Commissioner Amarjeet Paul
Area
 • Total 1,266 km2 (489 sq mi)
Population (2011)‡[›]
 • Total 125,833
 • Density 99/km2 (260/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Punjabi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Telephone code 01823 for Nawanshahr and Banga
01885 for Balachaur
Literacy 80.3%
Website .in.nicnawanshahr

Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar district (formerly Nawanshahr district) is one of the districts in the state of Punjab in North-West Republic of India. It consists of three Sub -Divisions Nawanshahr, Banga and Balachaur. There are three legislative seats in the district, Nawanshahr, Balachaur and Banga. They fall under the Anandpur Sahib Lok Sabha Constituency. Now " Banga" is also third sub division of the district.

As of 2011 it is the third least populous district of Punjab (out of 22), after Barnala and Fatehgarh Sahib.[1]

History

Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar district was carved out of Hoshiarpur and Jalandhar districts of Punjab on November 7, 1995, as the sixteenth district of Punjab State named from the headquarters town of Nawanshahr. Nawanshahr was founded by the migrants from Rahon near the tiver Sutlej as Rahon was in danger of being flooded. They named it Nawanshahar (New City. Nawanshahr has been the stronghold of the Ghorewaha Rajputs allied to King Akbar via kinship ties,[2] and numerous clans of Jats.

The Scheduled Caste population is more than 40%, one of the highest percentage in India.

Nawanshahr became the District in 1995 during S.Harcharan Brar Govt., with the strong efforts of Late S.Dilbag Singh, Former Cabinet Minister and the then MLA of Nawanshahr. People of this district are economically sound. Large numbers of families from the district have settled abroad. Consequently huge remittance is being received back in India which contributes to the district's economic development and prosperity. The prosperity of Doaba area can be appreciated by the fact that price of land here is sky-scraping and almost far more than most of the districts in the state except Ludhiana, and Chandigarh. Nawanshahr is rising due to the currency coming from NRI Punjabi people who have settled abroad. Nawanshahr also has a rail track connecting it with Jalandhar, Rahon and Jaijon.

This region has abundant health facilities. Here Private clinics and Nursing homes not only surprise with their numbers but also some of them claim to have latest medical equipments. There are adequate number of Government Hospitals, Dispensaries and Primary Health Centers in this area. The hospitals in Nawanshahr have capacity of 64 beds and are equipped with latest medical tools. Banga and Balachaur hospitals are having capacity of 30 beds each. Also Mukandpur, Urapar, Sujjon, Saroya and Muzzaffarpur are provided all kinds of health services. Even for every village of the district health services are available. Veterinary hospitals are available in Nawanshahr, Rahon, Saroya and Balachaur.

On September 27, 2008 at Khatkar Kalan, eight km from Nawanshahr, the Punjab government announced that a district in the state would be named after freedom fighter Bhagat Singh. The announcement was made by Punjab Chief Minister Parkash Singh Badal at the ancestral village of the Shaheed Bhagat Singh to mark his 101st birth anniversary and Nawanshahr district was renamed Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar.

Geography

Nawanshahr district is located at .[3]

Area and population

  • Total area (km².) 1,258[4]
  • Total population (2001 Census) 587,468[4]
  • Male 306,902[4]
  • Female 280,566[4]
  • Female per 1000 male: 913[4]
  • Density of population (per km².) 439[4]
  • Percentage increase in population (1991–2001) 10.43.[4]

Demographics

According to the 2011 census Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar district has a population of 614,362,[1] roughly equal to the nation of Solomon Islands[5] or the US state of Vermont.[6] This gives it a ranking of 522nd in India (out of a total of 640).[1] The district has a population density of 479 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,240/sq mi) .[1] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 4.58%.[1] Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar has a sex ratio of 954 females for every 1000 males,[1] and a literacy rate of 80.3%.[1]

Notable residents

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  2. ^ Gazetteer of the Hoshiarpur District (1883-4) (p. 56), when Mughal Emperor, Akbar, took in marriage the daughter of Mahr Mitha, a Jat of the Manjha, 35 principal families of Jats contenanced the marriage and sent representatives to Delhi. Thereafter, the 35 Jat families became known as the "Akbari Jats".
  3. ^ "Nawanshahr District Location". nawanshahr.nic.in. Retrieved 2007-04-15. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g "Nawanshahr District Census 2001". nawanshahr.nic.in. Retrieved 2007-02-13. 
  5. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Solomon Islands 571,890 July 2011 est. 
  6. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Vermont 625,741 

External links

  • The official website of the district
  • Nawanshahr Portal
  • About Nawanshahr District
  • WikiMapia
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.