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Shia Islam in Afghanistan

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Title: Shia Islam in Afghanistan  
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Subject: Religion in Afghanistan, Islam in Afghanistan, Shia Islam in Afghanistan, Shia Islam in Uzbekistan, Shia Islam in Kuwait
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Shia Islam in Afghanistan

Masjid Jame in Kabul during construction in 2008, which is the largest Shia mosque Afghanistan.[1]

Shia Islam in Afghanistan is practiced by 7%[2] to 19%[3][4] of the population. Afghan Shia are primarily the Twelvers, while a minority are Ismailis.


  • Twelvers 1
  • Ismailis 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5


The majority of Afghan Shia are Twelvers, primarily of the Hazara ethnicity. The next-largest Twelver community are the Farsiwan of the western Herat and Farah provinces. Other, far smaller, Afghan Twelver communities include the Bayat and Qizilbash populations, as well as some of those who claim to be Sayeds.


A smaller portion of Afghan Shia are Nizari Ismailis ("Seveners"); these populations include many of the Pamir language speakers of the northeastern portion of the country (predominantly in Badakhshan Province bordering Tajikistan).

Baghlan Province is also home to an Ismaili community, the Sayeds of Kayan. Their leader is Sayed Mansur Naderi and his son, Sayed Jaffar Naderi.[5] During the Soviet-Afghan War, about 10,000 Ismaili militamen defended the Baghlan Ismaili stronghold of Kayan. They have sided with the Soviets due to differences with the other groups of fighters.[6] Unlike other Ismaili communities in the region and worldwide, the Baghlan Ismailis do not defer to the spiritual leader of Ismailis worldwide, the Agha Khan.[5]

See also


  1. ^ [2]
  2. ^ "Chapter 1: Religious Affiliation". The World’s Muslims: Unity and Diversity.  
  3. ^ "Country Profile: Afghanistan" (PDF).  
  4. ^ "Afghanistan".  
  5. ^ a b Hindokosh, May 2003 at
  6. ^ Michael V. Bhatia; Mark Sedra (2008). Afghanistan, arms and conflict: armed groups, disarmament and security in a post-war society. Psychology Press. pp. 252–.  

External links

  • Afghan Shia News Agency
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