World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Shia Islam in Indonesia

Article Id: WHEBN0036853189
Reproduction Date:

Title: Shia Islam in Indonesia  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Shia Islam in Indonesia, Shia Islam in Uzbekistan, Shia Islam in Kuwait, Shia Islam in Afghanistan, Shia Islam in the United Arab Emirates
Collection: Shia Islam in Indonesia
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Shia Islam in Indonesia

Shi'a Islam in Indonesia represents a small minority in that largely-Sunni Muslim country. Around one million Indonesians are Shias, who are concentrated around Jakarta.[1] Indonesian Shia are found in areas of Java, Madura and Sumatra.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Communities 2
  • Persecution 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5

History

The history of Shi'a in Indonesia started in the ninth century.[1] Amongst the early Shiites in Indonesia were the grandchildren of Ali son of Jaʿfar ibn Muhammad al-Sādiq who resided in Indonesia.[1] Many of the men married the daughters of local Indonesian kings, thereby obtaining high office.[1] Banda Aceh in Acheh, in the north of Sumatra, was the original centre for Shias in Indonesia; it was from there the Shia faith spread across Indonesia.[1]

Communities

Among the Indonesian communities which practise Shiism are minority segments of the Hadrami, Arab-descended Indonesians, who have a "small, but increasing, minority of Shia followers."[2] Another group are the Shia of Pariaman and Bengkulu in Sumatra, and Sigli in Aceh, who claim descent from Indian sepoys, and are known as orang sipahi or orang Kling. The orang sipahi traditionally practise the Shia tabut ritual, though in Aceh it has been banned since 1953.[3] Kowal (Kuala) has a large Shia population: on 2 September 1960, fifteen years after Indonesian independence, the government established a university in Kowal naming it Shia Kowal University (otherwise known as Syiah Kuala University or Universitas Syiah Kuala).[1]

Persecution

The 2010 report to the United States Congress by the United States Commission on International Religious Freedom noted attacks against the Shia communities in Indonesia, particularly in East Java and Madura in 2008. In one incident in Madura, local villagers surrounded Shia houses and demanded they desist religious activities, but the crowd was dispersed by local leaders and clergy.[4]

See also

  • Tabuik, an Indonesian observance of Muharram

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f Reza, Imam. "Shia Muslims Around the World". Retrieved 29 January 2014. 
  2. ^ Frode Jacobsen (13 January 2009). Hadrami Arabs in Present-day Indonesia. Taylor & Francis US. pp. 19–.  
  3. ^ Margaret Kartomi (15 June 2012). Musical Journeys in Sumatra. University of Illinois Press. pp. 75–.  
  4. ^ Leonard Leo. International Religious Freedom (2010): Annual Report to Congress. DIANE Publishing. pp. 261–.  
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.