World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Shlomo Ben-Ami

Article Id: WHEBN0000967549
Reproduction Date:

Title: Shlomo Ben-Ami  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: J Street, Shimon Peres, List of members of the fifteenth Knesset, Tel Aviv University, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Israel)
Collection: 1943 Births, Alumni of St Antony's College, Oxford, Ambassadors of Israel to Spain, Israeli Diplomats, Israeli Jews, Israeli Labor Party Politicians, Living People, Members of the 14Th Knesset (1996–99), Members of the 15Th Knesset (1999–2003), Members of the Knesset, Ministers of Foreign Affairs of Israel, Ministers of Public Security of Israel, Moroccan Emigrants to Israel, Moroccan Jews, One Israel Politicians, People from Asilah, Tel Aviv University Alumni, Tel Aviv University Faculty
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Shlomo Ben-Ami

Shlomo Ben-Ami
Date of birth (1943-07-17) 17 July 1943
Place of birth Tangiers
Year of aliyah 1955
Knessets 14, 15
Faction represented in Knesset
1996–1999 Labor Party
1999–2001 One Israel
2001–2003 Labor Party
Ministerial roles
1999–2001 Minister of Internal Security
2000–2001 Minister of Foreign Affairs

Shlomo Ben-Ami (Hebrew: שלמה בן עמי‎; born 17 July 1943) is a former Israeli diplomat, politician and historian.

Contents

  • Biography 1
  • Academic career 2
  • Diplomatic and political career 3
  • Later career 4
  • Published works 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

Biography

Ben-Ami was born in Tangiers, Tangier International Zone, on 7 July 1943,[1] and immigrated to Israel in 1955. He was educated at Tel Aviv University and St Antony's College, Oxford from which he received a D.Phil. in history.[1] Ben-Ami speaks fluent Hebrew, Spanish, French and English.

Academic career

He was a historian at Tel Aviv University from the mid-1970s, serving as head of the School of History from 1982 to 1986. His initial field of study was Spanish history, and his 1983 biography of the former Spanish Dictator, General Primo de Rivera (1923–1930), is recognized as the most authoritative study on this subject. He later turned his attention to the history of Israel and the Middle East, leaving a legacy of expertise in Spanish inter-war year politics.

Diplomatic and political career

From 1982 until 1986, before he entered politics, he was the Israeli ambassador to Spain.[1] In 1996 he was elected to the Knesset on Labour's list.

When the One Israel-led government of Ehud Barak took office in July 1999, Ben-Ami became the Minister of Internal Security,[1] responsible for the Israel Police. In August 2000, when David Levy resigned as Foreign Minister during talks with Palestinian leaders in the United States, Barak designated Ben-Ami to be the acting Foreign Minister and he was officially appointed to the role in November 2000.

Ben-Ami remained Foreign Minister and Security Minister until March 2001, when, having won elections, Ariel Sharon took over from Barak. Ben-Ami refused to serve in the Sharon government and resigned from the Knesset in August 2002.

In their report published in 2003, the Or Commission held him responsible for the behavior of security forces during the October 2000 riots in which Israeli police killed 12 Israeli Arabs and one Palestinian, and failed to predict and control rioting which resulted in the death of a Jewish Israeli. The report recommended that Ben-Ami be disqualified from serving as Internal Security Minister in the future.[2] Despite the disqualification, Ben-Ami was not considered to be a hard-liner in Israeli relations with the Palestinians and during his time in the Barak government, he was a political rival of Shimon Peres.

Ben-Ami is currently Vice-President of the Toledo International Centre for Peace (TICpax), which, according to its mission statement, "seeks to contribute to the prevention and resolution of violent or potentially violent international or intranational conflicts and to the consolidation of peace, within a framework of respect and promotion of Human Rights and democratic values."

His latest book is Scars of War, Wounds of Peace: The Israeli–Arab Tragedy (Oxford, 2006) challenges many of the founding myths in Israel's modern history especially related to the war of independence. Ben-Ami backed the Meretz party for the 2009 Knesset elections.[3]

Later career

He currently serves as vice president of the Toledo International Centre for Peace.[4]

Published works

  • The Origins of the Second Republic in Spain (1978)
  • Fascism from Above: Dictatorship of Primo de Rivera in Spain, 1923–1930 (1983)
  • Spain between Dictatorship and Democracy (1980)
  • Anatomia de una Transición [Anatomy of a Transition] (1990) (Spanish)
  • Italy between Liberalism and Fascism (1986)
  • Quel avenir pour Israël? [Which Future for Israel?], (Hachette Littérature 2002), ISBN 2-01-279104-2. (French)
  • Scars of war, wounds of peace : the Israeli-Arab tragedy (Oxford University Press 2006), ISBN 0-19-518158-1.

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Shlomo Ben-Ami". Jewish Virtual Library. Retrieved 8 September 2012. 
  2. ^ Shlomo Ben Ami. Insufficient action; Sheikh Ra'ed Salah. Used propaganda Haaretz
  3. ^ Labor figureheads to support Meretz in upcoming elections Haaretz, 10 November 2008
  4. ^ http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/2012/10/2012107151246788109.html

External links

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.