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Sidecar World Championship

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Title: Sidecar World Championship  
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Subject: Klaus Klaffenböck, Darren Dixon, B2B, Motorcycle racing/Intro, Motorcycle racing
Collection: Sidecar Racing, World Motorcycle Racing Series
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Sidecar World Championship

FIM Sidecar World Championship
Sport Motorcycle sport
Founded 1949
Countries International
Most recent champion(s) Bennie Streuer (driver)
Geert Koerts (passenger)
LCR-Suzuki GSX-R1000[1]

FIM Sidecar World Championship is the international sidecar racing championship. It is the only remaining original FIM road racing championship class that started in 1949. It was formerly named Superside when the sidecars moved from being part of Grand Prix Motorcycles racing to being support events for the Superbike World Championship. In 2010 the FIM took over the management of the series from the Superside promoters, and the championship was called "FIM Sidecar World Championship". However, the FIM still uses the word Superside for promotion purposes, despite the demise of the Superside promoters.

The championship is raced over a number of rounds (8 in 2013) at race circuits, mainly in Europe, although in other years they have been held in USA (Mazda Raceway Laguna Seca), South Africa (Kyalami) and Australia (Phillip Island).

The 2013 Calendar consists of races in Aragon (Spain, supporting the WSBK), Rijeka (Croatia), two rounds at Assen (Netherlands, first round supporting MotoGP), Sachsenring (Germany, supporting MotoGP), Oschersleben (Germany, supporting Endurance World Championship), Schleiz (Germany), and Le Mans (France, supporting Endurance World Championship).

In 2014, for the first time a Kawasaki rig won the title with Tim Reeves and Gregory Cluze ending an 11 years consecutive Suzuki run. For 2015 the Netherlands team of Bennie Streuer and Geert Koerts won on their LCR Suzuki, the first team from the Netherlands to win since Streuer's father Egbert Streuer's last title win in 1986.[2]

Contents

  • Historic Grand Prix racing 1949—1976 1
  • Transition Period 2
  • Today 3
  • Match, Sprint, Gold 4
  • FIM Sidecar World Champions 5
    • Grand Prix 5.1
    • Sidecar World Cup 5.2
    • Superside 5.3
    • Superside World Cup 5.4
    • Superside 5.5
    • Superside Sidecar World Championship 5.6
    • Sidecar F2 World Trophy 5.7
    • Notes 5.8
  • Trivia 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

Historic Grand Prix racing 1949—1976

Chis Vincent on the Norton-BSA outfit he used for 1958 in grasstrack and 1959 for road racing, just by changing the tyre tread, a low sitter achieved by 16 inch wheels instead of 19 and showing an early version of the passenger platform which endured until the late 1970s
Modern replica of Max Deubel's 1960s low sitter with traditional 16 inch wheels with sidecar-tread racing tyres

Transition Period

Prior to 1977, the racing sidecars were similar to road-going sidecars. A traditional racing outfit was a road-going motorcycle outfit without the boot and with the suspension lowered. The bootless sidecar frame would have a flat platform. Both the battery and the fuel tank could be placed either between the motorcycle and the sidecar, or on the sidecar platform. Over time the subframe, struts, clamps, sidecar frame, etc. would merge with the motorcycle mainframe and form a single frame. But essentially the racing outfit was still a variant of the road-going outfit in principle.

In 1977 George O'Dell won the championship using a cyclecars.

The 1981 rules remain largely unchanged to this day, with the exception that during the late 90s the FIM finally allowed the use of car-type suspension for the front wheel, such as the wishbone suspension. Sidecars that are outside of the technical rules can still compete in racing events, but would not be able to score or record their positions officially. An example would be the team Markus Bösiger/Jürg Egli, who achieved several high placings in the 1998 season using a sidecar in which Bösiger sat driving instead of riding. Even though they were allowed to race, their results were not classified in the official records. They would have finished third in the championship.

The traditional racing sidecars remain popular in several countries, especially the United Kingdom, mainly due to lower cost. They also have lower top speed but better maneuvering capabilities. They are now commonly called Formula Two Sidecars (600cc Engines) which are mostly used in true road racing events like the Isle of Man TT race. This is to distinguish them from the modern post-1980 Superside machines which are now called Formula One sidecars (1000cc Engines).

Today

LCR Sidecar in race paddock

Today the Sidecars raced in Superside are modern high tech machines related to motorcycles only by the engines that are used. The chassis are purpose built and owe more to open wheel race car technology and the tires are wide and have a flat profile. They are sometimes known as "worms".[3] The basic design remains unchanged since 1981.

Under FIM regulation, the word "Rider" applies to both the driver and the passenger. The driver is positioned kneeling in front of the engine with hands near the front wheel, while the passenger moves about the platform at the rear transferring their weight from left to right according to the corner and forward or back to gain traction for the front or rear.

BMW RS54 Rennsport 500 cc engine as installed in a modern replica of Max Deubel's 1960s low sitter

The passenger also helps the driver when it comes to drifting, and is also usually the first person to notice any engine problems since he is next to the engine while the driver is in front of it. The two must work together to be a successful team. Nowadays it is common to call the driver the "Pilot", while the passenger has several nicknames: the "Acrobat" used in North America which is no longer in use, and the now common term "Monkey" which originated from Australia. Occasionally the words "Co-Driver" or "Co-Pilot" are also used.

The most successful sidecar racer in Superside has been Steve Webster, who has won ten world championships between 1987 and 2004. The most successful chassis is LCR, the Swiss sidecar maker, whose founder Louis Christen has won 29 championships between 1979 and 2012, with a variety of engines, originally Yamaha and Krauser two-strokes, more lately Suzuki four-strokes. The BMW Rennsport RS54 Engine powered to 19 straight constructors titles from 1955 to 1973, the most by any engines.

Match, Sprint, Gold

Sidecars on starting grid

Since 2005 the organizers have created a new format in which there are now three types of races. A championship round can have all three type of races. But sometimes there is only one type of race (the Gold Race) in one round, usually when the round is a supporting event of a major meeting such as MotoGP.

  • Match Race. Teams are divided into groups and race in very short heat races. Winners and the better placing teams in these heats would advance to the next round (semi-finals), until only the best six teams left for the final heat race. A typical heat race distance is three laps.
  • Sprint Race. All teams participate in a short race. A typical race distance is twelve laps.
  • Gold Race. All teams participate in a long race, usually twice the distance of the sprint race.

FIM Sidecar World Champions

Grand Prix

Season Driver Passenger Bike Constructor
600cc
1949 Eric Oliver Denis Jenkinson Norton Manx Norton
1950 Eric Oliver Lorenzo Dobelli Norton Manx Norton
500cc
1951 Eric Oliver Lorenzo Dobelli Norton Manx Norton
1952 Cyril Smith Bob Clements
Les Nutt
Norton Manx Norton
1953 Eric Oliver Stanley Dibben Norton Manx Norton
1954 Wilhelm Noll Fritz Cron BMW RS54 Norton
1955 Willi Faust Karl Remmert BMW RS54 BMW
1956 Wilhelm Noll Fritz Cron BMW RS54 BMW
1957 Fritz Hillebrand Manfred Grunwal BMW RS54 BMW
1958 Walter Schneider Hans Strauß BMW RS54 BMW
1959 Walter Schneider Hans Strauß BMW RS54 BMW
1960 Helmut Fath Alfred Wohlgemuth BMW RS54 BMW
1961 Max Deubel Emil Hörner BMW RS54 BMW
1962 Max Deubel Emil Hörner BMW RS54 BMW
1963 Max Deubel Emil Hörner* BMW RS54 BMW
1964 Max Deubel Emil Hörner BMW RS54 BMW
1965 Fritz Scheidegger John Robinson BMW RS54 BMW
1966 Fritz Scheidegger John Robinson BMW RS54 BMW
1967 Klaus Enders Ralf Engelhardt BMW RS54 BMW
1968 Helmut Fath Wolfgang Kalauch URS BMW
1969 Klaus Enders Ralf Engelhardt BMW RS54 BMW
1970 Klaus Enders Ralf Engelhardt
Wolfgang Kalauch
BMW RS54 BMW
1971 Horst Owesle Julius Kremer
Peter Rutterford
Münch-URS BMW
1972 Klaus Enders Ralf Engelhardt BMW RS54 BMW
1973 Klaus Enders Ralf Engelhardt BMW RS54 BMW
1974 Klaus Enders Ralf Engelhardt Busch-BMW RS54 König
1975 Rolf Steinhausen Josef Huber Busch-König König
1976 Rolf Steinhausen Josef Huber Busch-König König
1977 Kenny Arthur
Cliff Holland
Windle-Yamaha TZ500
Seymaz-Yamaha TZ500
Yamaha
1978 Rolf Biland Kenneth Williams TTM-Yamaha TZ500
BEO-Yamaha TZ500
Yamaha
1979
(B2A)
Rolf Biland Kurt Waltisperg Schmid-Yamaha TZ500 Yamaha
1979
(B2B)
Bruno Holzer Charlie Maierhans LCR-Yamaha TZ500 Yamaha
1980 Jock Taylor Benga Johansson Windle-Yamaha TZ500 Yamaha
1981 Rolf Biland Kurt Waltisperg LCR-Yamaha TZ500 Yamaha
1982 Werner Schwärzel Andreas Huber Seymaz-Yamaha TZ500 Yamaha
1983 Rolf Biland Kurt Waltisperg LCR-Yamaha TZ500 Yamaha
1984 Egbert Streuer Bernard Schnieders LCR-Yamaha TZ500 Yamaha
1985 Egbert Streuer Bernard Schnieders LCR-Yamaha TZ500 Yamaha
1986 Egbert Streuer Bernard Schnieders LCR-Yamaha TZ500 Yamaha
1987 Steve Webster Tony Hewitt LCR-Yamaha TZ500 Yamaha
1988 Steve Webster Tony Hewitt
Gavin Simmons
LCR-Yamaha Yamaha
1989 Steve Webster Tony Hewitt LCR-Krauser Krauser
1990 Alain Michel Simon Birchall LCR-Krauser Krauser
1991 Steve Webster Gavin Simmons LCR-Krauser Krauser
1992 Rolf Biland Kurt Waltisperg LCR-Krauser Krauser
1993 Rolf Biland Kurt Waltisperg LCR-Krauser Krauser
1994 Rolf Biland Kurt Waltisperg LCR-Swissauto V4 ADM
1995 Darren Dixon Andy Hetherington Windle-ADM ADM
1996 Darren Dixon Andy Hetherington Windle-ADM ADM

Sidecar World Cup

Season Driver Passenger Bike
1997 Steve Webster David James LCR-ADM
500cc 2-stroke or 1000cc 4-stroke
1998 Steve Webster David James LCR-Honda
1999 Steve Webster David James LCR-Suzuki GSX-R 1000
2000 Steve Webster Paul Woodhead LCR-Suzuki GSX-R 1000

Superside

Season Driver Passenger Bike
1000cc 4-stroke
2001 Klaus Klaffenböck Christian Parzer LCR-Suzuki GSX-R 1000
2002 Steve Abbott Jamie Biggs Windle-Yamaha EXUP
2003 Steve Webster Paul Woodhead LCR-Suzuki GSX-R 1000

Superside World Cup

Season Driver Passenger Bike
2004 Steve Webster Paul Woodhead LCR-Suzuki GSX-R 1000

Superside

Season Driver Passenger Bike
2005 Tim Reeves Tristan Reeves LCR-Suzuki GSX-R 1000
2006 Tim Reeves Tristan Reeves LCR-Suzuki GSX-R 1000
2007 Tim Reeves Patrick Farrance** LCR-Suzuki GSX-R 1000
2008 Pekka Päivärinta Timo Karttiala LCR-Suzuki GSX-R 1000
2009 Ben Birchall Tom Birchall LCR-Suzuki GSX-R 1000

Superside Sidecar World Championship

Season Driver Passenger Bike
2010 Pekka Päivärinta Adolf Hänni LCR-Suzuki GSX-R1000
2011 Pekka Päivärinta Adolf Hänni LCR-Suzuki GSX-R1000
2012 Tim Reeves Ashley Hawes LCR-Suzuki GSX-R1000
2013 Pekka Päivärinta Adolf Hänni LCR-Suzuki GSX-R1000
2014 Tim Reeves Gregory Cluze LCR-Kawasaki ZX-10
2015 Bennie Streuer Geert Koerts LCR Suzuki GSX-R1000

Sidecar F2 World Trophy

Season Driver Passenger Bike
2014 Tim Reeves Gregory Cluze DMR
2015 Tim Reeves Patrick Farrance DMR Honda

Notes

* Barry Dungsworth was a substitute for the injured Emil Hörner in the Isle of Man round. The team finished eighth and received no points.
** Stuart Graham was injured during the practice session of the first round in Schleiz. Patrick Farrance substituted for the race and for the rest of the season.

Trivia

Werner Schwärzel and Karl Heinz Kleis was the first team to win a race (1974 German GP) using a 2-stroke engine (König), Steve Abbott and Jamie Biggs was the last team to win a race (1999 World Superbike Championship round 8 Brands Hatch) using a 2-stroke engine (Honda).

Jock Taylor and Benga Johansson was the last team to use a traditional sidecar to win the championship (1980) and a race (1981 Austrian GP).

References

  1. ^ http://www.fim-live.com/en/article/streuer-and-koerts-champions/
  2. ^ http://www.steveenglish.com/15-racing/superside/1085-streuer-and-koerts-world-champions-2015
  3. ^ Motor Cycle News 5 May 1982, p.7 Jock Taylor in the chair. Worms all the way. "The nickname 'worm' stems from last year's Austrian GP when Biland's first 'worm' wriggled all over the track". Accessed and added 2015-03-03

External links

  • FIM Sidecar World Championship FIM Sidecar World Championship Website
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