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Sirdar (Egypt)

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Title: Sirdar (Egypt)  
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Subject: Sudanese Armed Forces, Saad Zaghloul, Arrol-Johnston, Sardar, Evelyn Wood (British Army officer), Reginald Wingate, History of Mahdist Sudan, Mahdist War, Battle of Toski, Archibald Hunter
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Sirdar (Egypt)

This article is about historical use of the title in Egypt. For for places in Iran, see Sirdar (disambiguation). For the submarine, see HMS Sirdar (P226). For uses in other times and places, see Sardar.
Military ranks of Egypt
Turco-Egyptian
ranks
(until 1958)
Modern
Egyptian ranks
Western armies
equivalents
Officers
Mushir
مشير
General of the army/ field marshal
Sirdar
سردار
Fariq awwal
فريق أول
General
Fariq
فريق
Lieutenant general
Liwa
لواء
Major general
Amiralay
أمير آلاي
Amid
عميد
Brigadier general
Qaimaqam
قائم مقام
Aqid
عقيد
Colonel
Bimbashi
بكباشي
Muqaddam
مقدم
Lieutenant colonel
Sagh
صاغ
Raid
رائد
Major
Yuzbashi
يوزباشي
Naqib
نقيب
Captain
Mulazim awwal
ملازم أول
First lieutenant
Mulazim thani
ملازم ثاني
Mulazim
ملازم
Second lieutenant
Non-commissioned officers
Shawish
شاويش
Raqib
رقيب
Sergeant
Ombashi
أونباشي
Arif
عريف
Corporal
Soldiers
Askari
عسكري
Jundi
جندي
Private

Sirdar (Persian: سردار‎) – a variant of Sardar, a long-standing Indo-Aryan rank – was assigned to the British Commander-in-Chief of the British-controlled Egyptian Army in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The Sirdar resided at the Sirdaria, a three-block-long property in Zamalek which was also the home of British military intelligence in Egypt.

The first use of the word sardar or sirdar in English language is dated back to 1595. The original form of the word in Persian (Farsi) is sardār and this version is used in Hindi and Urdu languages as well, (Merriam Webster entry for the word sirdar.)



List of sirdars from to
Sir Evelyn Wood 1883 1885
Lord Grenfell 1885 1892
Lord Kitchener 1892 1899
Sir Reginald Wingate 1899 1916
Sir Lee Stack 1916 1924
Sir Charlton Spinks 1924 1937


References

  • Merriam Webster entry for the word sirdar.


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