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Sogyal Rinpoche

Sogyal Rinpoche
Religion Tibetan Buddhism
School Dzogchen, Nyingma
Born 1947 (age 68–69)
Kham, Tibet
Senior posting
Title Rinpoche
Religious career
Teacher Jamyang Khyentse Chökyi Lodrö, Dudjom Rinpoche, Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche, Nyoshul Khen Rinpoche
Reincarnation Tertön Sogyal
Students Patrick Gaffney, Christine Longaker, Charles Tart, Arabella Churchill, Matteo Pistono

Sogyal Rinpoche (Rigpa—an international network of over 100 Buddhist centres and groups in 23 countries around the world—and the author of the best-selling book The Tibetan Book of Living and Dying, which has been printed in 30 languages and 56 countries.[2] He is known for his ability to present his understanding of Tibetan Buddhism using the language of contemporary Western thought.[3]


  • Biography 1
    • Early life and education 1.1
    • Teaching and establishing Rigpa 1.2
    • The Tibetan Book of Living and Dying 1.3
    • Conferences and events 1.4
    • In the East 1.5
  • Teaching 2
  • Controversy 3
  • Films and documentaries 4
  • Publications 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7


Early life and education

Rinpoche was born in 1947 into the Lakar family of what the Tibetans called the Trehor region of Kham, Tibet.[4] Jamyang Khyentse Chökyi Lodrö recognized him as the incarnation of Tertön Sogyal and supervised his education at Dzongsar Monastery.[5] He studied traditional subjects with several tutors, including Khenpo Appey, who was appointed as his tutor by Dzongsar Khyentse Chökyi Lodrö.[5][6]

Rinpoche attended a Catholic school in Pope Paul VI.[10]

Teaching and establishing Rigpa

Sogyal Rinpoche began to teach in London in 1974. His centre, a house in

  • Sogyal Rinpoche website
  • Official biography of Sogyal Rinpoche
  • Lotsawa House biography of Sogyal Rinpoche
  • Sogyal Rinpoche - Rigpa Wiki
  • Buddhist Masters and Their Organisations: Sogyal Rinpoche
  • documentary about Sogyal RinpocheSex Scandals in ReligionTrailer for Cogent/Benger Productions on YouTube
  • documentarySex Scandals in ReligionStatement from Rigpa about

External links

  1. ^ Sogyal Rinpoche
  2. ^ The Tibetan Book of Living and Dying
  3. ^ a b c Batchelor, Stephen (1994). The Awakening of the West. London: Aquarian. p. 76.  
  4. ^ Nyoshul Khenpo Jamyang Dorje (2005), A Marvelous Garland of Rare Gems: Biographies of Masters of Awareness in the Dzogchen Lineage, Padma Publications, p. 462
  5. ^ a b Coleman, Graham (1993). A Handbook of Tibetan Culture. London: Rider. p. 217.  
  6. ^ Khenpo, Nyoshul (2005). A Marvelous Garland of Rare Gems. California: Padma Publishing. pp. 462–3.  
  7. ^ Lotsawa House: Sogyal Rinpoche
  8. ^ Rinpoche, Sogyal (2002). The Tibetan Book of Living and Dying. New York: HarperCollins.  
  9. ^ Prebish, Charles S. (1999). Luminous Passage: The Practice and Study of Buddhism in America. Berkeley: University of California. pp. 43–44.  
  10. ^ Rigpa Wiki | Sogyal Rinpoche
  11. ^ Rigpa Wiki | Rue Burq, Paris
  12. ^ "The History of Rigpa", The Rigpa Journal, volume 2
  13. ^ a b c Rigpa Wiki | About Rigpa
  14. ^ a b "Rigpa Germany". Rigpa Wiki. 
  15. ^ About Us
  16. ^ About Lerab Ling
  17. ^ a b Patrick Gaffney (Summer 1994). "Finding the Voice". View Magazine. 
  18. ^ 'Best Sellers'. The New York Times Book Review. 3 January 1993
  19. ^ The Parliament of the World's Religions 2004
  20. ^ "The Dalai Lama at Aspen: A Celebration of Tibetan Culture Video". The Aspen Institute. Retrieved 28 April 2012. 
  21. ^ "ICTB Video". Retrieved 2 May 2012. 
  22. ^ a b "Global Buddhist Congregation Context". Asoka Mission. Retrieved 29 April 2012. 
  23. ^ Headspace | Happiness and Its Causes 2012
  24. ^ "Teachings on Buddhist Meditation by Sogyal RInpoche, 16th April, India Habitat Centre". Retrieved 28 April 2012. 
  25. ^ Rigpa | Bhutan TV teachings available
  26. ^ a b [( "The pursuit of happiness in a Buddhist vehicle"] . Kuenselonline. Retrieved 27 April 2012. 
  27. ^ Pistono, Matteo (2011). In the Shadow of the Buddha: Secret Journeys, Sacred Histories, and Spiritual Discovery in Tibet. New York: Dutton. p. 237.  
  28. ^ "‘The Path to Happiness’ A Dhamma Talk by Sogyal Rinpoche". BUDDHA DHYANA DANA REVIEW. 
  29. ^ "Essential Advice on Meditation". Rigpa San Francisco Bay Area. 
  30. ^ Rinpoche, Sogyal (2003). The Spirit of Buddhism. HarperOne. pp. 3–4.  
  31. ^ Schmidt, Marcia (2004). Dzogchen Essentials: The Path That Clarifies Confusion. Hong Kong: Rangjung Yeshe Publications. p. 137.  
  32. ^ Tart, Charles T. (1994). Living the Mindful Life. Boston: Shambhala. p. 92.  
  33. ^ Finnigan, Mary (10 January 1995). "Sexual healing".  
  34. ^ Lattin, Don (10 November 1994). "Best-selling Buddhist author accused of sexual abuse". The San Francisco Free Press. Retrieved 2015-04-05. 
  35. ^  
  36. ^ Finnigan, Mary (1 July 2011). "Lama sex abuse claims call Buddhist taboos into question". The Guardian. Retrieved 2015-04-05. 
  37. ^ Monaghan, Gabrielle (12 June 2011). "Bad karma: Buddhist leader faces claims of sex exploitation made by woman who was asked to undress". The Sunday Times. p. 3. 
  38. ^ Little Buddha#Casting of Tibetan lamas
  39. ^ "The Making of a Modern Mystic". Retrieved 28 April 2012. 
  40. ^ "Sogyal Rinpoche: Ancient Wisdom For The Modern World". BOS. Retrieved 26 April 2012. 
  41. ^ "Compassion, Wisdom and Humour". Retrieved 26 April 2012. 
  42. ^ "Teachings on Milarepa". WorldCat. Retrieved 28 April 2012. 


  • Dilgo Khyentse; Ani Jinpa Palmo (trans), 2008. Brilliant Moon: The Autobiography of Dilgo Khyentse. Shambhala. ISBN 978-1-59030-284-2.
  • the Dalai Lama, Mind in Comfort and Ease, Wisdom Publications, 2007, ISBN 0-86171-493-8
  • Tulku Urgyen Rinpoche, Blazing Splendor: The Memoirs of Tulku Urgyen Rinpoche, North Atlantic Books, 2005, ISBN 962-7341-56-8
  • Don Farber, Portraits of Tibetan Buddhist Masters, University of California Press 2005, ISBN 0-520-23973-3
  • Nyoshul Khenpo Jamyang Dorje (translated by Richard Barron), A Marvelous Garland of Rare Gems: Biographies of Masters of Awareness in the Dzogchen Lineage (A Spiritual History of the Teachings on Natural Great Perfection), Padma Publications, 2005, ISBN 1-881847-41-1
  • Tsoknyi Rinpoche, Fearless Simplicity: The Dzogchen Way of Living Freely in a Complex World, Rangjung Yeshe Publications, Nepal, 2003, ISBN 962-7341-48-7
  • the Dalai Lama, Dzogchen: The Heart Essence of the Great Perfection, Snow Lion Publications, 2000, ISBN 1-55939-219-3
  • Khenpo Namdrol The Practice of Vajrakilaya, Snow Lion Publications, 1999, ISBN 1-55939-103-0
  • Christine Longaker, Facing Death and Finding Hope: A Guide to the Emotional and Spiritual Care of the Dying, Arrow Books, 1998, ISBN 0-09-917692-0
  • Mordicai Gerstein, The Mountains of Tibet, Barefoot Books 1993 and 2012 ISBN 9781782850472

Forewords and introductions

  • Sogyal Rinpoche (contributor) (2004). Ray, Reginald A., ed. The Pocket Tibetan Buddhist Reader. Boston, MA: Shambhala Publications.  
  • Sogyal Rinpoche (2004). "In the Mirror of Death". In Meeske, Kathryn. Sacred Voices of the Nyingma Masters. California: Padma Publishing. pp. 148–161.  
  • Sogyal Rinpoche (2005). "The Remembrance of Past Lives from the Tibetan Buddhist Perspective". In Cott, Jonathon. On the Sea of Memory: A Journey from Forgetting to Remembering. Random House.  
  • Sogyal Rinpoche (2006). "Gift of Dharma". In Coburn, Brot. Himalaya: Personal Stories of Grandeur, Challenge and Hope. National Geographic Books. pp. 62–67.  
  • Sogyal Rinpoche (2012). "Sogyal Rinpoche". In Bradley, Rosalind. A World of Prayer: Spiritual Leaders, Activists, and Humanitarians Share their Favorite Prayers. Orbis Books. pp. 150–151.  
  • Sogyal Rinpoche (2012). "Tibetan Buddhism in Modern Western Culture". In Schuyler, Kathryn Goldman. Inner Peace—Global Impact: Tibetan Buddhism, Leadership, and Work. Information Age Publishing.  
  • Sogyal Rinpoche (2013). "Understanding the Mind and Meditation: A Buddhist Approach to Well-Being". In Fraser, Andy. The Healing Power of Meditation: Leading Experts on Buddhism, Psychology, and Medicine Explore the Health Benefits of Contemplative Practice. Shambhala Publications. pp. 3–17.  

Articles and contributions

  • Sogyal Rinpoche (1990). Dzogchen and Padmasambhava (2nd ed.). Rigpa Publications.  
  • Sogyal Rinpoche (1994). The Tibetan Book of Living and Dying. HarperCollins.  
  • Sogyal Rinpoche (1995). Glimpse After Glimpse: Daily Reflections on Living and Dying. Rider.  
  • Sogyal Rinpoche (2002). The Future of Buddhism. Rider & Co.  



Sogyal Rinpoche appeared in Bernardo Bertolucci's 1993 film Little Buddha in the role of Kenpo Tenzin.[38] He featured in Frank Cvitanovich's The Making of a Modern Mystic, made for the BBC in 1993.[39] He was also the subject of a documentary by German filmmaker Boris Penth called Sogyal Rinpoche: Ancient Wisdom for the Modern World (Mitgefühl, Weisheit und Humor), which includes interviews with John Cleese and former Tibetan prime minister Samdhong Rinpoche.[40] It was shown at the International Buddhist Film Festival in London in 1999 and in other film festivals around the world.[41] He is also featured in Sasha Meyerowitz's 2008 documentary Teachings on Milarepa.[42]

Films and documentaries

Related allegations were later introduced by journalist Mary Finnigan, who was also the main author of the original article in 1995.[36][37]

In 1994, a $10 million civil lawsuit was filed against Sogyal Rinpoche.[33] It was alleged that he had used his position as a spiritual leader to induce one of his female students to have sexual relations with him. The complaint included accusations of infliction of emotional distress, breach of fiduciary duty, as well as assault and battery.[34][35] The lawsuit was settled out of court.


Rinpoche likes to recount stories of his own teachers and to stress the importance of devotion, often quoting Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche, who said, "Devotion is the essence of the path."[31] Still, according to Charles Tart, he "encourages his students to direct their devotion toward his teachers rather than toward him personally, even though most of Tibetan Buddhism puts tremendous emphasis on devotion towards one's teacher."[32]

I feel there is an intriguing parallel between the extraordinary richness of the spiritual culture of Tibet at the time of the great pioneers of this Rimé movement, like Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo and Jamgön Kongtrul, and the great variety of lineages we find in the West today. In some ways the Rimé vision offers a model of how the Dharma must continue in the West and in America, with total respect for our separate authentic traditions, and yet with an eye to the creativity and resourcefulness of different branches of Buddha-dharma as they have settled into the American landscape. We can all inspire, help, and network with one another, yet without confusion or inappropriate mixing of our traditions.[30]

In what he sees as a continuation of the non-sectarian Rimé (Tib. ris med) movement, which rose to prominence in eastern Tibet in the nineteenth century, he frequently refers to teachings of all Tibetan traditions, and also quotes from non-Tibetan sources, such as the Dhammapada,[28] and teachers belonging to other traditions such as the Zen master, Shunryu Suzuki.[29] He wrote:

According to Stephen Batchelor, Sogyal Rinpoche "is known for his sense of humour, indefatigable energy, forthrightness and periodic eccentricity."[3] In his teachings, he often focuses on the Buddhist understanding of the mind, and what is known in the Tibetan tradition as the nature of mind, pristine awareness or rigpa, along with meditation as a means for ultimately realizing the nature of mind. Another common topic is death and dying, which is one of the main themes of his book, "The Tibetan Book of Living and Dying".


In 1998, Rinpoche was formally offered the throne of Tertön Sogyal's home monastery in Tibet, Kalzang Monastery, by the abbot, Sherab Özer Rinpoche, in a ceremony in France.[27]

Rinpoche teaches regularly in India, especially in Delhi at the Foundation for Universal Responsibility of His Holiness the Dalai Lama.[24] He also teaches in the Himalayan regions of Sikkim, where he lived for part of his childhood, and Bhutan. He has been teaching annually in Bhutan since 2007 and his teachings are regularly shown on television there.[25] The first Prime Minister of Bhutan and champion of its philosophy of Gross National Happiness, Lyonchen Jigme Yoser Thinley, regularly attends Rinpoche’s teachings.[26] Sogyal Rinpoche has said that he decided to make teaching in Bhutan a priority since it is the only remaining independent Vajrayana Buddhist country in the world. He also said that "today’s younger generation in the Himalayan region needed to understand the Dharma in a practical way" and that "understanding the Dharma in a real way is an important and integral part of the development of Bhutan."[26]

Sogyal Rinpoche performing an empowerment ritual in Bhutan

In the East

[23] In 2012, he was a keynote speaker at the Happiness and Its Causes conference in Sydney.[22] The goal was to examine both the capacity and the resilience of Buddhism to engage with the most pressing concerns of the modern world, namely violence, social and economic disparity, environmental degradation and discord between and within communities and nations" and "to contribute to cultivating and fostering peace, harmony, co-existence and a shared responsibility amidst the diversity of cultures, communities and nations."[22] In 2011, he was a keynote speaker and participant in the Global Buddhist Congregation in Delhi which brought together "religious, spiritual and world leaders, as well as 800 scholars, delegates and observers from 32 countries."[21].Emory University In October 2010 he gave a keynote speech on "Tibetan Buddhism in Modern Western Culture" at the International Conference on Tibetan Buddhism held at [20] Rinpoche is a regular speaker at conferences around the world, addressing topics such as Buddhism in the modern world, death and dying, meditation and happiness. In 2004, he served as a keynote speaker at the

Conferences and events

The Tibetan Book of Living and Dying was first launched in the United States in September 1992, where it received high acclaim and spent several weeks at the top of the bestseller lists.[18] It was subsequently released in the United Kingdom, Australia and India, and first translated into German and French. To date, more than two million copies have been printed in 30 languages and 56 countries.

In 1983, Rinpoche met Elizabeth Kübler-Ross, Kenneth Ring and other figures in the caring professions and near-death research, and they encouraged him to develop his work in opening up the Tibetan teachings on death and helping the dying.[13] Rinpoche continued to teach throughout the world. Then, in 1989 in Nepal, Rinpoche met Andrew Harvey and invited him to help on the project.[17] About the writing process, co-editor Patrick Gaffney said, "Probably, a book has never been written in such an unusual way."[17]

The Tibetan Book of Living and Dying

In 1987, Rinpoche was invited to become spiritual director of the centre in County Cork in the west of Ireland which was to become Dzogchen Beara, Rigpa’s first long-term retreat facility.[15] In 1991, Sogyal Rinpoche founded the retreat centre of Lerab Ling near Montpellier in southern France. The first three-month retreat was held there in 1992.[16] A centre in Berlin named Dharma Mati was formally opened in October 2007.[14]

Rigpa soon established an annual schedule of longer seminars, referred to as retreats, with Sogyal Rinpoche and other teachers leading events in France in the summer, California at Thanksgiving, Germany in Winter, followed by Myall Lakes in Australia, and then England at Easter.[13] The first winter event at Kirchheim in Germany took place in December 1986,[14] annual retreats in Tiona Park in Australia began in 1989, and the first Thanksgiving retreat in the US was in Oakland in 1988.[13]

[12]—the innermost, essential nature of mind—for his work.Rigpa In 1979, Sogyal Rinpoche chose the name [11]

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