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Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple, Srirangapatna

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Title: Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple, Srirangapatna  
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Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple, Srirangapatna

Hindu temple
Ranganathaswamy temple (984 A.D.) at Srirangapatna in Mandya district
Ranganathaswamy temple (984 A.D.) at Srirangapatna in Mandya district
Country  India
State Karnataka
District Mandya District
 • Official Kannada
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
A view of the tower in Vijayanagara style from inside the complex, near the small pushkarni (temple tank)

The Ranganthaswamy temple (usually referred to as "Sri Ranganathaswamy") in Srirangapatina, in the Mandya district of Karnataka state, India, is dedicated to the Hindu god Ranganatha (a manifestation of the god Vishnu). It is one of the five important pilgrimage sites along the river Kaveri for devotees of Ranganatha. These five sacred sites are together known as Pancharanga Kshetrams in Southern India. Since Srirangapatna is the first temple starting from upstream, the deity is known as Adi Ranga (lit; "first Ranga").[1] The town of Srirangapatna, which derives its name from the temple, is located on an island in the river Kaveri.


According to the Wodeyar kings of the Kingdom of Mysore.[2][3] The temple is protected by the Archaeological Survey of India as a monument of national importance.[4]

Temple plan

The temple has an imposing tower over the entrance gate (gopura) and two large concentric rectangular enclosures (prakara) around its perimeter. The entrance to the inner sanctum (garbhagriha) is through multiple columned halls (mantapa).[3] A vestibule (sukhanasi), hall (navaranga or just mantapa) and a front hall (mukhamantapa) are the other main structures in the temple. The roof of the mukhamantapa is decorated with a "garland" ("hara") of miniature decorative towers (called "kudu" and "sala" sikharas) whose niches contain stucco images of the god Vishnu.[2]

In the sanctum, the image of Vishnu reclines on the coils of the snake Adisesha, under a canopy formed by the snake's seven hoods, with his consort Lakshmi at his feet. Flanking Vishnu are other deities from the Hindu pantheon; Sridevi, Bhudevi (goddess of earth) and Brahma (the creator). There are other smaller shrines within the complex dedicated to Narasimha (an avatar of Vishnu), Gopalakrishna, Srinivasa (manifestation of Vishnu), Hanuman, Garuda and the Alwar saints.[2]

The five sacred sites

The following temples are considered the five sacred sites of worship of the god Ranganatha and are together called Pancharanga Kshetram (Pancha-"five", ranga-"Ranganatha", Kshetram-"sites").[1] [5]

Temple Location
Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple Srirangapatna
Sri Ranganatha Swamy Temple Srirangam
Sarangapani Temple Kumbakonam
Sri Appakkudathan Temple Trichy
Parimala Ranganatha Perumal Temple Indalur, Mayiladuthurai


See also

Divya Desams


  1. ^ a b Dalal (2011), p339
  2. ^ a b c d "Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple". Archaeological Survey of India, Bengaluru Circle. ASI Bengaluru Circle. Retrieved 21 Dec 2013. 
  3. ^ a b Michell (1995), p71
  4. ^ "Alphabetical List of Monuments - Karnataka -Bangalore, Bangalore Circle, Karnataka". Archaeological Survey of India, Government of India. Indira Gandhi National Center for the Arts. Retrieved 21 Dec 2013. 
  5. ^ "Pancharanga Kshetrams". url= 


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