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St. Nicholas Historic District

 

St. Nicholas Historic District

"Striver's Row" redirects here.
St. Nicholas Historic District
("Striver's Row")
Row houses by Stanford White on West 139th Street (2014)
St. Nicholas Historic District is located in New York City
St. Nicholas Historic District
Location W. 138th and W. 139th Sts. (both sides)
btwn. Adam Clayton Powell Jr. & Frederick Douglass Blvds.
Manhattan, New York City
Area 9.9 acres (4.0 ha)
Built 1891-93[1]
Architect James Brown Lord (W.138/south)
Bruce Price and Clarence S. Luce (W.138/north & W.139/south)
Stanford White of McKim, Mead & White (W.139/north)[1]
Architectural style Georgian Revival
Colonial Revival
Italian Renaissance Revival[2]
Governing body private
NRHP Reference # 75001209[3]
Significant dates
Added to NRHP October 29, 1975
Designated NYCL March 16, 1967
Row houses on West 138th Street designed by Bruce Price and Clarence S. Luce (2014)
"Walk your horses"

The St. Nicholas Historic District, known colloquially as "Striver's Row",[2] is a historic district located on both sides of West 138th and West 139th Streets between Adam Clayton Powell Jr. Boulevard (Seventh Avenue) and Frederick Douglass Boulevard (Eighth Avenue) in the Harlem neighborhood of Manhattan, New York City. It is both a national and a New York City district, and consists of row houses and associated buildings designed by noted architects and built in 1891-93 by developer David H. King, Jr. These are collectively recognized as gems of New York City architecture,[4] and "an outstanding example of late 19th-century urban design":[2]

There are three sets of buildings:

  • the red brick and Georgian Revival style;
  • the yellow brick and white limestone with terra cotta trim buildings on the north (odd-numbered) side of 138th and on the south (even-numbered) side of 139th Street and at 2360-2378 Adam Clayton Powell Jr. Boulevard were designed in the Colonial Revival style by Bruce Price and Clarence S. Luce;
  • the dark brick, brownstone and terra cotta buildings on the north (odd-numbered) side of 139th Street and at 2380 Adam Clayton Powell Jr. Boulevard were designed in the Italian Renaissance Revival style by Stanford White of the firm McKim, Mead & White.[2][1][5]

The district was designated by the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission in 1967,[2] and was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1975.[3]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Notable residents 2
  • In popular culture 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

History

David H. King, Jr., the developer of what came to be called "Striver's Row", had previously been responsible for building the 1870 Equitable Building,[6] the 1889 New York Times Building, the version of Madison Square Garden designed by Stanford White, and the Statue of Liberty's base.[1] The townhouses in his new project, which were originally called the "King Model Houses", were intended for upper-middle-class whites,[7] and featured modern amenities, dark woodwork,[2] and views of City College.[6] King's idea was that the project would be "on such a large scale and with such ample resources as to 'Create a Neighborhood' independent of surrounding influences."[2]

The houses sit back-to-back, which allowed King to specify that they would share rear courtyards. The alleyways between them – a rarity in Manhattan[2] – are gated off; some entrance gates still have signs that read "Walk Your Horses". At one time, these alleys allowed discreet stabling of horses and delivery of supplies without disrupting activities in the main houses. Today, the back areas are used almost exclusively for parking.

King sold very few houses and the development failed, with Equitable Life Assurance Society, which had financed the project, foreclosing on almost all the units in 1895, during an economic depression.[2] By this time, Harlem was being abandoned by white New Yorkers, yet the company would not sell the King houses to blacks, and so they sat empty until 1919-20, when they were finally made available to African Americans[2] for $8,000 each. Some of the units were turned into rooming houses, but generally they attracted both leaders of the black community and upwardly-mobile professionals, or "strivers", who gave the district its colloquial name.[2]

Between Seventh and Eighth Avenues, is 139th Street, known among Harlemites as 'strivers' row.' It is the most aristocratic street in Harlem. Stanford White designed the houses for a wealthy white clientele. Moneyed African-Americans now own and inhabit them. When one lives on 'strivers' row' one has supposedly arrived. Harry Rills resides there, as do a number of the leading Babbitts and professional folk of Harlem.[8]

By the 1940s, many of the houses had decayed and were converted to single room occupancies (SROs). Much of the original decorative detail inside the houses was lost at this time, though the exteriors generally remained unaltered. With the post-1995 real estate boom in Harlem, many of these buildings are being restored to something resembling their original condition.

Notable residents

Among those who lived in Striver's Row were:

In popular culture

  • Jazz saxophonist Sonny Rollins, a Harlem native, named a contrafact of Charlie Parker's "Confirmation" after Striver's Row. The piece appears on the 1958 album "A Night At The Village Vanguard".
  • Jazz singer Cab Calloway mentions Striver's Row in his songs "Hard Times (Topsy Turvy)" and "The Ghost of Smokey Joe"
  • Abram Hill's 1940 satirical comedy of manners, On Strivers Row, produced with the American Negro Theatre (ANT), concerns "the follies of both social climbing and subtle racism among African Americans during Harlem's Renaissance".[11][6]
  • The Row is mentioned in the song, "Harlem Blues" on the soundtrack to the film Mo' Better Blues.

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i  , pp.543-545
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission; Postal, Matthew A. (ed. and text); Dolkart, Andrew S. (text). (2009) Guide to New York City Landmarks (4th ed.) New York: John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 978-0-470-28963-1 pp.199-200
  3. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places.  
  4. ^ Baker, Kevin. "Our Malcolm" American Heritage (February/March 2006)
  5. ^ Lash, Stephen and Rosebrock, Ellen (March 1967). "National Register of Historic Places Registration: St. Nicholas Historic District".  
  6. ^ a b c d "St. Nicholas Historic District Designation Report" New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission (March 16, 1967)
  7. ^ Dolkart, Andrew S. and Sorin, Gretchen S. "Touring Historic Harlem" New York Landmarks Conservancy (1997)
  8. ^ Thurman, Wallace. Negro Life in New York’s Harlem, Girard, KS: Haldeman-Julius Publications, 1928
  9. ^ a b c d e Benson, Kathy, Jones, Celedonia, The Manhattan African-American History & Culture Guide, Museum of the City of New York, brochure, 22pp., 2005, presented by The Manhattan Borough President
  10. ^ Baker, Kevin (January 22, 2006). "Jitterbug Days".  
  11. ^ Abram Hill's "On Strivers Row" at Black Theatre Troupe-10/17 to 11/2/03

Bibliography

  • Time magazine, "Harlem: No Place Like Home" (July 31, 1964)
  • Adams, Michael Henry. Harlem: Lost and Found Monacelli Press, 2002 ISBN 1580930700

External links

  • Media related to at Wikimedia Commons
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