Supreme court justices


The Supreme Court of the United States is the highest judicial body in the United States. Its membership currently consists of the Chief Justice of the United States and eight associate justices. The justices are nominated by the President of the United States and appointed after confirmation by the United States Senate. Justices of the Supreme Court have life tenure[1] and receive a salary which is currently set at $223,500 per year for the chief justice and at $213,900 per year for each associate justice.[2][3] On August 7, 2010, Justice Elena Kagan became the 112th justice to serve on the Court.[4]

The Supreme Court was created in 1789 by Article III of the United States Constitution, which stipulates that the "judicial Power of the United States, shall be vested in one supreme Court" together with any lower courts Congress may establish.[1] Congress organized the Court that year with the passage of the Judiciary Act of 1789. It specified the Court's original and appellate jurisdiction, created thirteen judicial districts, and fixed the number of justices at six (one chief justice and five associate justices).[5][6]

Since the passage of the Judiciary Act, Congress has occasionally altered the size of the Supreme Court, historically in response to the country's own expansion in size. Membership was decreased in 1801 to five, then increased to seven members in 1807, to nine in 1837, and to ten in 1863. It was then reduced to seven in 1866. In 1869, Congress set the Court's size to nine members, where it has remained since.[7] While the justices of the Supreme Court are appointed for life, some choose to leave the Court before their death: a total of 54 have retired or resigned. The average age of newly appointed justices is about 53 years old. Historically, the average length of service on the Court has been less than 15 years; however, since 1970 the average length of service has increased to about 26 years.[8]

List of justices

The following lists all justices aside from Edwin Stanton, who died before taking office.

Legend

  † Chief justice 
* Recess appointment
  Currently serving justice 

# Judge State Born/Died Active service Chief Justice Retirement Appointed by Reason for
termination
1 Wilson, JamesJames Wilson PA 174209141742–1798 178910051789–1798
(Template:Age in years years)
Washington Death
2 Jay, JohnJohn Jay NY 174512121745–1829 178909261789–1795
(Template:Age in years years)
178909261789–1795 Washington Resignation
3 Cushing, WilliamWilliam Cushing MA 173203011732–1810 179002021789–1810
(Template:Age in years years)
Washington Death
4 Blair, JohnJohn Blair, Jr. VA 17320000<1732–1800 179002021789–1795
(Template:Age in years years)
Washington Resignation
5 Rutledge, JohnJohn Rutledge SC 173909181739–1800 179002151789–1791
(Template:Age in years years)
Washington Resignation[n 1]
6 Iredell, JamesJames Iredell NC 175110051751–1799 179005121790–1799
(Template:Age in years years)
Washington Death
7 Johnson, ThomasThomas Johnson* MD 173211041732–1819 179208061792–1793
(Template:Age in years years)
Washington Resignation
8 Paterson, WilliamWilliam Paterson NJ 174512241745–1806 179303111793–1806
(Template:Age in years years)
Washington Death
5 Rutledge, JohnJohn Rutledge*† SC 173909181739–1800 179512281795 179512281795 Washington Rejection
9 Chase, SamuelSamuel Chase MD 174104171741–1811 179602041796–1811
(Template:Age in years years)
Washington Death
10 Ellsworth, OliverOliver Ellsworth CT 174504291745–1807 179603081796–1800
(Template:Age in years years)
179603081796–1800 Washington Resignation
11 Washington, BushrodBushrod Washington VA 176206051762–1829 179902041798–1829
(Template:Age in years years)
Adams, J. Death
12 Moore, AlfredAlfred Moore NC 175505211755–1810 180004211800–1804
(Template:Age in years years)
Adams, J. Resignation
13 Marshall, JohnJohn Marshall VA 175509241755–1835 180102041801–1835
(Template:Age in years years)
180102041801–1835 Adams, J. Death
14 Johnson, WilliamWilliam Johnson SC 177112271771–1834 180405071804–1834
(Template:Age in years years)
Jefferson Death
15 Livingston, Henry BrockholstHenry Brockholst Livingston NY 175711251757–1823 180701201807–1823
(Template:Age in years years)
Jefferson Death
16 Todd, ThomasThomas Todd KY 176501231765–1826 180705041807–1826
(Template:Age in years years)
Jefferson Death
17 Duvall, GabrielGabriel Duvall MD 175212061752–1844 181111231811–1835
(Template:Age in years years)
Madison Resignation
18 Story, JosephJoseph Story MA 177909181779–1845 181202031812–1845
(Template:Age in years years)
Madison Death
19 Thompson, SmithSmith Thompson* NY 176801171768–1843 182309011823–1843
(Template:Age in years years)
Monroe Death
20 Trimble, RobertRobert Trimble KY 177611171776–1828 182606161826–1828
(Template:Age in years years)
Adams, J. Q. Death
21 McLean, JohnJohn McLean OH 178503111785–1861 183001111830–1861
(Template:Age in years years)
Jackson Death
22 Baldwin, HenryHenry Baldwin PA 178001141780–1844 183001181830–1844
(Template:Age in years years)
Jackson Death
23 Wayne, James MooreJames Moore Wayne GA 17900000<1790–1867 183501141835–1867
(Template:Age in years years)
Jackson Death
24 Taney, Roger B.Roger B. Taney MD 177703171777–1864 183603281836–1864
(Template:Age in years years)
183603281836–1864 Jackson Death
25 Barbour, Philip PendletonPhilip Pendleton Barbour VA 178305251783–1841 183605121836–1841
(Template:Age in years years)
Jackson Death
26 Catron, JohnJohn Catron TN 17860000<1786–1865 183705011837–1865
(Template:Age in years years)
Jackson Death
27 McKinley, JohnJohn McKinley AL 178005011780–1852 183801091837–1852
(Template:Age in years years)
Van Buren Death
28 Daniel, Peter VivianPeter Vivian Daniel VA 178404241784–1860 184201101842–1860
(Template:Age in years years)
Van Buren Death
29 Nelson, SamuelSamuel Nelson NY 179211101792–1873 184502271845–1872
(Template:Age in years years)
Tyler Retirement
30 Woodbury, LeviLevi Woodbury* NH 178912221789–1851 184509231845–1851
(Template:Age in years years)
Polk Death
31 Grier, Robert CooperRobert Cooper Grier PA 179403051794–1870 184608101846–1870
(Template:Age in years years)
Polk Retirement
32 Curtis, Benjamin RobbinsBenjamin Robbins Curtis* MA 180911041809–1874 185110101851–1857
(Template:Age in years years)
Fillmore Resignation
33 Campbell, John ArchibaldJohn Archibald Campbell AL 181106241811–1889 185304111853–1861
(Template:Age in years years)
Pierce Resignation
34 Clifford, NathanNathan Clifford ME 180308181803–1881 185801211858–1881
(Template:Age in years years)
Buchanan Death
35 Swayne, Noah HaynesNoah Haynes Swayne OH 180412071804–1884 186201271862–1881
(Template:Age in years years)
Lincoln Retirement
36 Miller, Samuel FreemanSamuel Freeman Miller IA 181604051816–1890 186207211862–1890
(Template:Age in years years)
Lincoln Death
37 Davis, DavidDavid Davis* IL 181503091815–1886 186212101862–1877
(Template:Age in years years)
Lincoln Resignation
38 Field, Stephen JohnsonStephen Johnson Field CA 181611041816–1899 186305201863–1897
(Template:Age in years years)
Lincoln Retirement
39 Chase, Salmon P.Salmon P. Chase OH 180801131808–1873 186412151864–1873
(Template:Age in years years)
186412151864–1873 Lincoln Death
40 Strong, WilliamWilliam Strong PA 180805061808–1895 187003141870–1880
(Template:Age in years years)
Grant Retirement
41 Bradley, Joseph PhiloJoseph P. Bradley NJ 181303141813–1892 187003231870–1892
(Template:Age in years years)
Grant Death
42 Hunt, WardWard Hunt NY 181006141810–1886 187301091873–1882
(Template:Age in years years)
Grant Retirement
43 Waite, MorrisonMorrison Waite OH 181611291816–1888 187403041874–1888
(Template:Age in years years)
187403041874–1888 Grant Death
44 Harlan, John MarshallJohn Marshall Harlan KY 183306011833–1911 187712101877–1911
(Template:Age in years years)
Hayes Death
45 Woods, William BurnhamWilliam Burnham Woods AL 182408031824–1887 188101051881–1887
(Template:Age in years years)
Hayes Death
46 Matthews, StanleyStanley Matthews OH 182407211824–1889 188105171881–1889
(Template:Age in years years)
Garfield Death
47 Gray, HoraceHorace Gray MA 182803241828–1902 188201091882–1902
(Template:Age in years years)
Arthur Death
48 Blatchford, SamuelSamuel Blatchford NY 182003091820–1893 188204031882–1893
(Template:Age in years years)
Arthur Death
49 Lamar, Lucius Quintus CincinattusLucius Quintus
Cincinnatus Lamar
MS 182509171825–1893 188801181888–1893
(Template:Age in years years)
Cleveland Death
50 Fuller, MelvilleMelville Fuller IL 183302111833–1910 188810081888–1910
(Template:Age in years years)
188810081888–1910 Cleveland Death
51 Brewer, David JosiahDavid Josiah Brewer KS 183706201837–1910 189001061890–1910
(Template:Age in years years)
Harrison, B. Death
52 Brown, Henry BillingsHenry Billings Brown MI 183603021836–1913 189101051891–1906
(Template:Age in years years)
Harrison, B. Retirement
53 Shiras, George Jr.George Shiras, Jr. PA 183201261832–1924 189210101892–1903
(Template:Age in years years)
Harrison, B. Retirement
54 Jackson, Howell EdmundsHowell Edmunds Jackson TN 183204081832–1895 189303041893–1895
(Template:Age in years years)
Harrison, B. Death
55 White, Edward DouglassEdward Douglass White LA 184511031845–1921 189403121894–1921
(Template:Age in years years)
191012121910–1921 Cleveland (associate)
Taft (chief)[n 2]
Death
56 Peckham, Rufus WheelerRufus Wheeler Peckham NY 183811081838–1909 189601061896–1909
(Template:Age in years years)
Cleveland Death
57 McKenna, JosephJoseph McKenna CA 184308101843–1926 189801261898–1925
(Template:Age in years years)
1921 (acting)[n 3] McKinley Retirement
58 Holmes, Oliver Wendell Jr.Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. MA 184103081841–1935 190212081902–1932
(Template:Age in years years)
1930 (acting)[n 4] Roosevelt, T. Retirement
59 Day, William R.William R. Day OH 184904071849–1923 190303021903–1922
(Template:Age in years years)
Roosevelt, T. Retirement
60 Moody, William HenryWilliam Henry Moody MA 185312231853–1917 190612171906–1910
(Template:Age in years years)
Roosevelt, T. Retirement[n 5]
61 Lurton, Horace HarmonHorace Harmon Lurton TN 184402261844–1914 191001031910–1914
(Template:Age in years years)
Taft Death
62 Hughes, Charles EvansCharles Evans Hughes NY 186204111862–1948 191010101910–1916
(Template:Age in years years)
Taft Resignation[n 1]
63 Van Devanter, WillisWillis Van Devanter WY 185904171859–1941 191101031911–1937
(Template:Age in years years)
193706021937–1941
(Template:Age in years years)
Taft Retirement
64 Lamar, Joseph RuckerJoseph Rucker Lamar GA 185710141857–1916 191101031911–1916
(Template:Age in years years)
Taft Death
65 Pitney, MahlonMahlon Pitney NJ 185802051858–1924 191203181912–1922
(Template:Age in years years)
Taft Resignation
66 McReynolds, James ClarkJames Clark McReynolds TN 186202031862–1946 191410121914–1941
(Template:Age in years years)
194101311941–1946
(Template:Age in years years)
Wilson Retirement[n 6]
67 Brandeis, Louis DembitzLouis Brandeis MA 185611131856–1941 191606051916–1939
(Template:Age in years years)
193902131939–1941
(Template:Age in years years)
Wilson Retirement[n 6]
68 Clarke, John HessinJohn Hessin Clarke OH 185709181857–1945 191610091916–1922
(Template:Age in years years)
Wilson Resignation
69 Taft, William HowardWilliam Howard Taft OH 185709151857–1930 192107111921–1930
(Template:Age in years years)
192107111921–1930 Harding Resignation[n 7]
70 Sutherland, GeorgeGeorge Sutherland UT 186203251862–1942 192210021922–1938
(Template:Age in years years)
193801171938–1942
(Template:Age in years years)
Harding Retirement[n 6]
71 Butler, PiercePierce Butler MN 186603171866–1939 192301021923–1939
(Template:Age in years years)
Harding Death
72 Sanford, Edward TerryEdward Terry Sanford TN 186507231865–1930 192302191923–1930
(Template:Age in years years)
Harding Death
73 Stone, Harlan F.Harlan F. Stone NY 187210111872–1946 192503021925–1946
(Template:Age in years years)
194107031941–1946[n 8] Coolidge (associate)
Roosevelt, F. (chief)[n 2]
Death
62 Hughes, Charles EvansCharles Evans Hughes NY 186204111862–1948 193002241930–1941
(Template:Age in years years)
193002241930–1941 Hoover Retirement
74 Roberts, Owen Owen Roberts PA 187505021875–1955 193006021930–1945
(Template:Age in years years)
Hoover Resignation
75 Cardozo, Benjamin N.Benjamin N. Cardozo NY 187005241870–1938 193203141932–1938
(Template:Age in years years)
Hoover Death
76 Black, HugoHugo Black AL 188602271886–1971 193708191937–1971
(Template:Age in years years)
1946 (acting)
1953 (acting)[n 9][n 10]
197109171971–1971
(Template:Age in years years)
Roosevelt, F. Retirement[n 6]
77 Reed, Stanley FormanStanley Forman Reed KY 188412311884–1980 193801311938–1957
(Template:Age in years years)
195702251957–1980
(Template:Age in years years)
Roosevelt, F. Retirement[n 6]
78 Frankfurter, FelixFelix Frankfurter MA 188211151882–1965 193901301939–1962
(Template:Age in years years)
196208281962–1965
(Template:Age in years years)
Roosevelt, F. Retirement[n 6]
79 Douglas, William O.William O. Douglas CT 189810161898–1980 193904171939–1975
(Template:Age in years years)
197511121975–1980
(Template:Age in years years)
Roosevelt, F. Retirement[n 6]
80 Murphy, FrankFrank Murphy MI 189004131890–1949 194002051940–1949
(Template:Age in years years)
Roosevelt, F. Death
81 Byrnes, James F.James F. Byrnes SC 187905021882–1972 194107081941–1942
(Template:Age in years years)
Roosevelt, F. Resignation
82 Jackson, Robert H.Robert H. Jackson NY 189202131892–1954 194107111941–1954
(Template:Age in years years)
Roosevelt, F. Death
83 Rutledge, Wiley BlountWiley Blount Rutledge IA 189407201894–1949 194302151943–1949
(Template:Age in years years)
Roosevelt, F. Death
84 Burton, Harold HitzHarold Hitz Burton OH 188806221888–1964 194510011945–1958
(Template:Age in years years)
195810131958–1964
(Template:Age in years years)
Truman Retirement[n 6]
85 Vinson, Fred M.Fred M. Vinson KY 189001221890–1953 194606241946–1953
(Template:Age in years years)
194606241946–1953 Truman Death
86 Clark, Tom C.Tom C. Clark TX 189909231899–1977 194908241949–1967
(Template:Age in years years)
196706121967–1977
(Template:Age in years years)
Truman Retirement[n 6]
87 Minton, ShermanSherman Minton IN 189010201890–1965 194910121949–1956
(Template:Age in years years)
195610151956–1965
(Template:Age in years years)
Truman Retirement[n 6]
88 Warren, EarlEarl Warren*† CA 189103191891–1974 195310051953–1969
(Template:Age in years years)
195310051953–1969 196906231969–1974
(Template:Age in years years)
Eisenhower Retirement[n 6]
89 Harlan, John Marshall IIJohn Marshall Harlan II NY 189905201899–1971 195503281955–1971
(Template:Age in years years)
197109231971–1971
(Template:Age in years years)
Eisenhower Retirement[n 6]
90 Brennan, William J.William J. Brennan, Jr.* NJ 190604251906–1997 195610161956–1990
(Template:Age in years years)
199007201990–1997
(Template:Age in years years)
Eisenhower Retirement[n 6]
91 Whittaker, Charles EvansCharles Evans Whittaker MO 190102221901–1973 195703251957–1962
(Template:Age in years years)
196203311962–1965
(Template:Age in years years)
Eisenhower Resignation
92 Stewart, PotterPotter Stewart* OH 191501231915–1985 195810141958–1981
(Template:Age in years years)
198107031981–1985
(Template:Age in years years)
Eisenhower Retirement
93 White, ByronByron White CO 191706081917–2002 196204161962–1993
(Template:Age in years years)
199306281993–2002
(Template:Age in years years)
Kennedy Retirement[n 6]
94 Goldberg, ArthurArthur Goldberg IL 190808081908–1990 196210011962–1965
(Template:Age in years years)
Kennedy Resignation
95 Fortas, AbeAbe Fortas TN 191006191910–1982 196510041965–1969
(Template:Age in years years)
Johnson, L. Resignation
96 Marshall, ThurgoodThurgood Marshall NY 190807021908–1993 196710021967–1991
(Template:Age in years years)
199110011991–1993
(Template:Age in years years)
Johnson, L. Retirement[n 6]
97 Burger, Warren E.Warren E. Burger VA 190709171907–1995 196906231969–1986
(Template:Age in years years)
196906231969–1986 198609261986–1995
(Template:Age in years years)
Nixon Retirement[n 6]
98 Blackmun, HarryHarry Blackmun MN 190811121908–1999 197006091970–1994
(Template:Age in years years)
199408031994–1999
(Template:Age in years years)
Nixon Retirement[n 6]
99 Powell, Lewis F.Lewis F. Powell, Jr. VA 190709191907–1998 197201071972–1987
(Template:Age in years years)
198706261987–1998
(Template:Age in years years)
Nixon Retirement[n 6]
100 Rehnquist, WilliamWilliam Rehnquist AZ
VA[n 11]
192410011924–2005 197201071972–2005
(Template:Age in years years)
198609261986–2005 Nixon (associate)
Reagan (chief)[n 2]
Death
101 Stevens, John PaulJohn Paul Stevens IL 192004201920– 197512191975–2010
(Template:Age in years years)
2005 (acting)[n 12] 201060292010–present
(Template:Age in years years)
Ford Retirement
102 O'Connor, Sandra DaySandra Day O'Connor AZ 193003261930– 198109251981–2006
(Template:Age in years years)
200601312006–present
(Template:Age in years years)
Reagan Retirement
103 Scalia, AntoninAntonin Scalia VA 193603111936– 198609261986–present
(Template:Age in years years)
Reagan Currently serving
104 Kennedy, AnthonyAnthony Kennedy CA 193607231936– 198802181988–present
(Template:Age in years years)
Reagan Currently serving
105 Souter, DavidDavid Souter NH 193909171939– 199010091990–2009
(Template:Age in years years)
200906292009–present
(Template:Age in years years)
Bush, G. H. W. Retirement
106 Thomas, ClarenceClarence Thomas GA 194806231948– 199110231991–present
(Template:Age in years years)
Bush, G. H. W. Currently serving
107 Ginsburg, RuthRuth Bader Ginsburg NY 193303151933– 199308101993–present
(Template:Age in years years)
Clinton Currently serving
108 Breyer, StephenStephen Breyer MA 193808151938– 199408031994–present
(Template:Age in years years)
Clinton Currently serving
109 Roberts, G. JohnJohn G. Roberts MD 195501271955– 200509292005–present
(Template:Age in years years)
200509292005–present Bush, G. W. Currently serving
110 Alito, SamuelSamuel Alito NJ 195004011950– 200601312006–present
(Template:Age in years years)
Bush, G. W. Currently serving
111 Sotomayor, SoniaSonia Sotomayor NY 195406251954– 200908082009–present
(Template:Age in years years)
Obama Currently serving
112 Kagan, ElenaElena Kagan MA 196004281960– 201008052010–present
(Template:Age in years years)
Obama Currently serving

Graphic timeline

The graphic below is a timeline depicting the progression of the justices in the United States Supreme Court. Information regarding their seat number, predecessors, successors and fellow justices, as well as their tenure on the court can be gleaned from the timeline. Additionally, the progression of presidents (with the number of justices they nominated) is shown at the top of the timeline to give a more detailed historical context. Three presidents (Taft, F. Roosevelt, Reagan), in addition to successfully nominating several justices to the court, elevated an associate justice to chief justice. These elevations are counted as nominations, and are designated with a caret (^). Several justices began their terms on the bench after the inauguration of a new president.

This graphical representation of the progression of the High Court allows some otherwise obscure information to be easily noted. For example, Joseph Story (in the early 19th century) and Stephen Breyer (in the late 20th and early 21st centuries) are each noteworthy for serving over 11 years as the court's most junior member. Samuel Blatchford (in the 1880s) served the third longest as the court's most junior member at less than 6 years. Thomas Johnson (1790s), Robert Trimble (1820s) and Arthur Goldberg (1960s) are the only justices to leave the court while still being the court's most junior member. William Rehnquist is unique in that he is the only justice to witness all of his more senior justices leave the court, without witnessing any of his more junior justices leave the court. Hugo Black, in addition to witnessing all eight of his predecessors leave the court, saw fourteen more junior members replaced on the court, meaning he worked beside a record thirty justices.

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  1. THIS NEEDS TO BE UPDATED, it needs to be approximately current.

Define $now = 2013.58

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from:1789.77 till:1798.65 color:seat1 text:"James Wilson" 
from:1789.81 till:1795.50 color:Chief_J text:"John Jay" 
from:1790.09 till:1810.71 color:seat2 text:"William Cushing" 
from:1790.09 till:1795.82 color:seat3 text:"John Blair" 
from:1795.51 till:1795.96 color:Chief_J text:"John Rutledge" 
from:1790.37 till:1799.81 color:seat5 text:"James Iredell" 
from:1792.60 till:1793.05 color:seat4 text:"Thomas Johnson" 
from:1793.20 till:1806.70 color:seat4 text:"William Paterson" 
from:1796.10 till:1811.47 color:seat3 text:"Samuel Chase" 
from:1796.19 till:1800.96 color:Chief_J text:"Oliver Ellsworth" 
from:1799.10 till:1829.91 color:seat1 text:"Bushrod Washington" 
from:1800.30 till:1804.07 color:seat5 text:"Alfred Moore" 
from:1801.09 till:1835.51 color:Chief_J text:"John Marshall" 
from:1804.34 till:1834.59 color:seat5 text:"William Johnson" 
from:1807.05 till:1823.21 color:seat4 text:"Henry Brockholst Livingston" 
from:1807.33 till:1826.10 color:seat6 text:"Thomas Todd" 
from:1811.89 till:1835.03 color:seat3 text:"Gabriel Duvall" 
from:1812.09 till:1845.69 color:seat2 text:"Joseph Story" 
from:1823.66 till:1843.96 color:seat4 text:"Smith Thompson" 
from:1826.45 till:1828.64 color:seat6 text:"Robert Trimble" 
from:1830.03 till:1861.25 color:seat6 text:"John McLean" 
from:1830.04 till:1844.30 color:seat1 text:"Henry Baldwin" 
from:1835.03 till:1867.50 color:seat5 text:"James Wayne" 
from:1836.23 till:1864.78 color:Chief_J text:"Roger Taney" 
from:1836.36 till:1841.15 color:seat3 text:"Philip Pendleton Barbour" 
from:1837.33 till:1865.41 color:seat7 text:"John Catron" 
from:1838.02 till:1852.54 color:seat8 text:"John McKinley" 
from:1842.02 till:1860.41 color:seat3 text:"Peter Vivian Daniel" 
from:1845.15 till:1872.90 color:seat4 text:"Samuel Nelson" 
from:1845.72 till:1851.67 color:seat2 text:"Levi Woodbury" 
from:1846.60 till:1870.08 color:seat1 text:"Robert Cooper Grier" 
from:1851.77 till:1857.74 color:seat2 text:"Benjamin Robbins Curtis" 
from:1853.27 till:1861.32 color:seat8 text:"John Archibald Campbell" 
from:1858.05 till:1881.56 color:seat2 text:"Nathan Clifford" 
from:1862.07 till:1881.06 color:seat6 text:"Noah Haynes Swayne" 
from:1862.55 till:1890.78 color:seat3 text:"Samuel Miller" 
from:1862.94 till:1877.17 color:seat8 text:"David Davis" 
from:1863.38 till:1897.91 color:seat9 text:"Stephen Field" 
from:1864.95 till:1873.34 color:Chief_J text:"Salmon Portland Chase" 
from:1870.20 till:1880.95 color:seat1 text:"William Strong" 
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from:1870.22 till:1892.06 color:seat10 text:"Joseph Philo Bradley" 
from:1873.02 till:1882.07 color:seat4 text:"Ward Hunt" 
from:1874.17 till:1888.22 color:Chief_J text:"Morrison Remick Waite" 
from:1877.94 till:1911.78 color:seat8 text:"John M. Harlen" 
from:1881.01 till:1887.36 color:seat1 text:"William Burnham Woods" 
from:1881.37 till:1889.22 color:seat6 text:"Thomas Stanley Matthews" 
from:1882.02 till:1902.70 color:seat2 text:"Horace Gray" 
from:1882.25 till:1893.51 color:seat4 text:"Samuel Blatchford" 
from:1888.04 till:1893.06 color:seat1 text:"Lucius Q. C. Lamar" 
from:1888.76 till:1910.50 color:Chief_J text:"Melville Weston Fuller" 
from:1890.01 till:1910.23 color:seat6 text:"David Josiah Brewer" 
from:1891.01 till:1906.40 color:seat3 text:"Henry Billings Brown" 
from:1892.77 till:1903.14 color:seat10 text:"George Shiras, Jr." 
from:1893.17 till:1895.60 color:seat1 text:"Howell Edmunds Jackson" 
from:1894.19 till:1921.38 color:Chief_J text:"Edward D. White" 
from:1896.01 till:1909.81 color:seat1 text:"Rufus Wheeler Peckham" 
from:1898.07 till:1925.01 color:seat9 text:"Joseph McKenna" 
from:1902.93 till:1932.03 color:seat2 text:"Oliver Holmes" 
from:1903.16 till:1922.86 color:seat10 text:"William R. Day" 
from:1906.96 till:1910.88 color:seat3 text:"William Henry Moody" 
from:1910.00 till:1914.52 color:seat1 text:"Horace Harmon Lurton" 
from:1930.15 till:1941.49 color:Chief_J text:"Charles Hughes" 
from:1911.00 till:1937.41 color:seat4 text:"Willis Van Devanter" 
from:1911.00 till:1916.00 color:seat3 text:"Joseph Rucker Lamar" 
from:1912.21 till:1923 color:seat8 text:"Mahlon Pitney" 
from:1914.78 till:1941.08 color:seat1 text:"James McReynolds" 
from:1916.42 till:1939.12 color:seat3 text:"Louis Brandeis" 
from:1916.77 till:1922.71 color:seat6 text:"John Hessin Clarke" 
from:1921.52 till:1930.09 color:Chief_J text:"William Howard Taft" 
from:1922.75 till:1938.04 color:seat6 text:"George Sutherland" 
from:1923.00 till:1939.87 color:seat10 text:"Pierce Butler " 
from:1923.13 till:1930.18 color:seat8 text:"Edward Terry Sanford" 
from:1925.16 till:1946.30 color:Chief_J text:"Harlan Fiske Stone" 
from:1930.41 till:1945.58 color:seat8 text:"Owen Josephus Roberts" 
from:1932.20 till:1938.52 color:seat2 text:"Benjamin N. Cardozo" 
from:1937.63 till:1971.71 color:seat4 text:"Hugo Black" 
from:1938.08 till:1957.15 color:seat6 text:"Stanley Forman Reed" 
from:1939.08 till:1962.65 color:seat2 text:"Felix Frankfurter" 
from:1939.29 till:1975.86 color:seat3 text:"William O. Douglas" 
from:1940.09 till:1949.54 color:seat10 text:"Frank Murphy" 
barset:break
from:1941.51 till:1942.75 color:seat1 text:"James F. Byrnes" 
from:1941.52 till:1954.77 color:seat9 text:"Robert H. Jackson" 
from:1943.12 till:1949.69 color:seat1 text:"Wiley Blount Rutledge" 
from:1945.75 till:1958.78 color:seat8 text:"Harold Hitz Burton" 
from:1946.47 till:1953.68 color:Chief_J text:"Fred M. Vinson" 
from:1949.64 till:1967.44 color:seat10 text:"Tom C. Clark" 
from:1949.78 till:1956.78 color:seat1 text:"Sherman Minton" 
from:1953.76 till:1969.47 color:Chief_J text:"Earl Warren" 
from:1955.23 till:1971.72 color:seat9 text:"John Marshall Harlan II" 
from:1956.79 till:1990.55 color:seat1 text:"William J. Brennan, Jr." 
from:1957.23 till:1962.24 color:seat6 text:"Charles Evans Whittaker" 
from:1958.78 till:1981.50 color:seat8 text:"Potter Stewart" 
from:1962.29 till:1993.49 color:seat6 text:"Byron White" 
from:1962.75 till:1965.56 color:seat2 text:"Arthur Goldberg" 
from:1965.75 till:1969.36 color:seat2 text:"Abe Fortas" 
from:1967.75 till:1991.75 color:seat10 text:"Thurgood Marshall" 
from:1969.47 till:1986.73 color:Chief_J text:"Warren E. Burger" 
from:1970.43 till:1994.58 color:seat2 text:"Harry Blackmun" 
from:1972.01 till:1987.48 color:seat4 text:"Lewis F. Powell, Jr." 
from:1972.01 till:2005.67 color:Chief_J text:"William Rehnquist" 
from:1975.96 till:2010.49 color:seat3 text:"John Paul Stevens" 
from:1981.73 till:2006.08 color:seat8 text:"Sandra Day O'Connor" 
from:1986.73 till:$now color:seat9 text:"Antonin Scalia" 
from:1988.13 till:$now color:seat4 text:"Anthony Kennedy" 
from:1990.77 till:2009.49 color:seat1 text:"David Souter" 
from:1991.81 till:$now color:seat10 text:"Clarence Thomas" 
from:1993.60 till:$now color:seat6 text:"Ruth Bader Ginsburg" 
from:1994.58 till:$now color:seat2 text:"Stephen Breyer" 
from:2005.74 till:$now color:Chief_J text:"John Roberts" 
from:2006.08 till:$now color:seat8 text:"Samuel Alito" 
from:2009.60 till:$now color:seat1 text:"Sonia Sotomayor"
from:2010.60 till:$now color:seat3 text:"Elena Kagan"
barset:Presidents 
color:white
shift:(0,-6)
fontsize:8
at:1789.08 text:"Washington (11)"
at:1797.01 text:"Adams (3)"
at:1801.01 text:"Jefferson (3)"
at:1809.01 text:"Madison (2)"
at:1817.01 text:"Monroe (1)" 
at:1825.01 text:"Adams (1)"
at:1829.01 text:"Jackson (6)"
at:1837.01 text:"van Buren (2)" barset:break
at:1841.01 text:"Harrison (0)"
at:1841.01 text:"Tyler (1)"
at:1845.01 text:"Polk (2)"
at:1849.01 text:"Taylor (0)"
at:1850.02 text:"Fillmore (1)"
at:1853.01 text:"Pierce (1)"
at:1857.01 text:"Buchanan (1)" barset:break
at:1861.01 text:"Lincoln (5)"
at:1865.04 text:"Johnson (0)"
at:1869.01 text:"Grant (4)"
at:1877.01 text:"Hayes (2)"
at:1881.01 text:"Garfield (1)"
at:1881.05 text:"Arthur (2)"
at:1885.01 text:"Cleveland (2)" barset:break
at:1889.01 text:"Harrison (4)"
at:1893.01 text:"Cleveland (2)"
at:1897.01 text:"McKinley (1)"
at:1901.03 text:"Roosevelt (3)"
at:1909.01 text:"Taft (6^)"
at:1913.01 text:"Wilson (3)"
at:1921.01 text:"Harding (4)" barset:break 
at:1923 text:"Coolidge (1)"
at:1929.01 text:"Hoover (3)"
at:1933.01 text:"Roosevelt (9^)"
at:1945.03 text:"Truman (4)"
at:1953.05 text:"Eisenhower (5)"
at:1960.05 text:"Kennedy (2)"
at:1963.06 text:"Johnson (2)" barset:break
at:1969.05 text:"Nixon (4)" 
at:1974.02 text:"Ford (1)"
at:1977.05 text:"Carter (0)"
at:1981.05 text:"Reagan (4^)"
at:1989.05 text:"Bush (2)"
at:1993.05 text:"Clinton (2)"
at:2001.05 text:"Bush (2)" barset:break
at:2009.05 text:"Obama (2)"

LineData=

atpos:441 from:1790.13 till:1791.18  color:seat4 width:4 # Rutledge's associate appointment
atpos:323 from:1894.19 till:1910.96  color:seat4 width:4 # White's associate appointment
atpos:241 from:1910.77 till:1916.76  color:seat6 width:4 # Hughes's associate appointment
atpos:112.5 from:1925.09 till:1941.50  color:seat9 width:4 # Stone's associate appointment
atpos:264 from:1972.01 till:1986.73  color:seat9 width:4 # Rehnquist's associate appointment

#These are the colored bars of the Legend:
atpos:171 from:1790 till:1792 color:Chief_J 
atpos:158 from:1790 till:1792 color:seat1 
atpos:145 from:1790 till:1792 color:seat2 
atpos:132 from:1790 till:1792 color:seat3 
atpos:119 from:1790 till:1792 color:seat4 
atpos:106 from:1790 till:1792 color:seat5 
atpos:93 from:1790 till:1792 color:seat6 
atpos:80 from:1790 till:1792 color:seat7 
atpos:67 from:1790 till:1792 color:seat8 
atpos:54 from:1790 till:1792 color:seat9 
atpos:41 from:1790 till:1792 color:seat10 
layer:back
# This section creates the vertical lines.
at:1789.08 width:0.1 color:IndPres # George Washington
at:1797.01 width:0.1 color:FedPres # John Adams
at:1801.01 width:0.1 color:D-RPres # Thomas Jefferson
at:1809.01 width:0.1 color:D-RPres # James Madison
at:1817.01 width:0.1 color:D-RPres # James Monroe
at:1825.01 width:0.1 color:D-RPres # John Quincy Adams
at:1829.01 width:0.1 color:DemPres # Andrew Jackson
at:1837.01 width:0.1 color:DemPres # Martin Van Buren
at:1841.01 width:0.1 color:WhiPres # William Henry Harrison
at:1841.01 width:0.1 color:WhiPres # John Tyler
at:1845.01 width:0.1 color:DemPres # James K. Polk
at:1849.01 width:0.1 color:WhiPres # Zachary Taylor
at:1850.02 width:0.1 color:WhiPres # Millard Fillmore
at:1853.01 width:0.1 color:DemPres # Franklin Pierce
at:1857.01 width:0.1 color:DemPres # James Buchanan
at:1861.01 width:0.1 color:RepPres # Abraham Lincoln
at:1865.04 width:0.1 color:DemPres # Andrew Johnson
at:1869.01 width:0.1 color:RepPres # Ulysses S. Grant
at:1877.01 width:0.1 color:RepPres # Rutherford B. Hayes
at:1881.01 width:0.1 color:RepPres # James A. Garfield
at:1881.05 width:0.1 color:RepPres # Chester A. Arthur
at:1885.01 width:0.1 color:DemPres # Grover Cleveland
at:1889.01 width:0.1 color:RepPres # Benjamin Harrison
at:1893.01 width:0.1 color:DemPres # Grover Cleveland
at:1897.01 width:0.1 color:RepPres # William McKinley
at:1901.03 width:0.1 color:RepPres # Theodore Roosevelt
at:1909.01 width:0.1 color:RepPres # William Howard Taft
at:1913.01 width:0.1 color:DemPres # Woodrow Wilson
at:1921.01 width:0.1 color:RepPres # Warren G. Harding
at:1923.00 width:0.1 color:RepPres # Calvin Coolidge
at:1929.01 width:0.1 color:RepPres # Herbert Hoover
at:1933.01 width:0.1 color:DemPres # Franklin D. Roosevelt
at:1945.03 width:0.1 color:DemPres # Harry S. Truman
at:1953.05 width:0.1 color:RepPres # Dwight D. Eisenhower
at:1960.05 width:0.1 color:DemPres # John F. Kennedy
at:1963.06 width:0.1 color:DemPres # Lyndon B. Johnson
at:1969.05 width:0.1 color:RepPres # Richard Nixon
at:1974.02 width:0.1 color:RepPres # Gerald Ford
at:1977.05 width:0.1 color:DemPres # Jimmy Carter
at:1981.05 width:0.1 color:RepPres # Ronald Reagan
at:1989.05 width:0.1 color:RepPres # George H. W. Bush
at:1993.05 width:0.1 color:DemPres # Bill Clinton
at:2001.05 width:0.1 color:RepPres # George W. Bush
at:2009.05 width:0.1 color:DemPres # Barack Obama

TextData=

#This is the text of the Legend
pos:(35,180) 
text:"Chief Justice"
text:"Associate Justice (seat 1)"
text:"Associate Justice (seat 2)"
text:"Associate Justice (seat 3)"
text:"Associate Justice (seat 4)"
text:"Associate Justice (seat 5)"
text:"Associate Justice (seat 6)"
text:"Associate Justice (seat 7)"
text:"Associate Justice (seat 8)"
text:"Associate Justice (seat 9)"
text:"Associate Justice (seat 10)"

See also

Supreme Court of the United States
Other

Notes

References

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