World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Synod of the Norwegian Evangelical Lutheran Church in America

Article Id: WHEBN0001060186
Reproduction Date:

Title: Synod of the Norwegian Evangelical Lutheran Church in America  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Synod of the Norwegian Evangelical Lutheran Church in America

The Synod of the Norwegian Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, commonly called the Norwegian Synod, was founded in 1853. It included churches in Iowa, Minnesota and Wisconsin.


In February 1853, several Lutheran ministers including Koshkonong and Luther Valley near the Jefferson Prairie Settlement outside Madison, Wisconsin. Among the first denominational leaders was Ulrik Vilhelm Koren. The Synod adopted the ritual of the Church of Norway. In 1868 the name was changed to the Synod for the Norwegian Evangelical Lutheran Church in America.[1]

In the early years Norwegian Synod seminary students were sent to Concordia Seminary in St. Louis, Missouri. Luther College was founded near La Crosse, Wisconsin in 1861, and relocated to Decorah, Iowa the next year. Peter Laurentius Larsen served as President of Luther College from 1861 until he resigned from the presidency in 1902.[2]

Herman Amberg Preus, (1825 – 1894), a key figure in organizing the Norwegian Synod

In 1876 the denomination established Luther Seminary in Madison, Wisconsin, (later moved to St. Paul). Desiring unity and cooperation with fellow Lutherans, in 1872 the Norwegian Synod was a co-founder of the Evangelical Lutheran Synodical Conference of North America, along with the Missouri, Wisconsin, and Ohio Synods. However, the Norwegian Synod soon experienced internal division over questions concerning predestination and conversion, and during the 1880s about a third of its congregations left. These dissenting "Anti-Missourian Brotherhood" congregations joined in 1890 with the Norwegian Augustana Synod and the Norwegian-Danish Conference to form the United Norwegian Lutheran Church of America (Norwegian:Den Forenede Kirke).

Further attempts at Lutheran unity continued into the early 20th century. The 1912 Madison Settlement (Norwegian: Madison Opgjør), agreed upon by representatives of the Hauge Synod, the United Church, and the Norwegian Synod, called for doctrinal discussions and compromises to take place so that Norwegian Lutherans could unite into a single jurisdiction. The result was the Austin Agreement of 1916, and on June 9, 1917, the United Church, the Hauge Synod, and the Norwegian Synod merged to become the Norwegian Lutheran Church of America.[3] Through a series of mergers, it became part of the American Lutheran Church in 1960, and currently the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA).[4]

After the merger of 1917, a small group who chose not to join the merger for doctrinal reasons, reorganized as the Norwegian Synod of the American Evangelical Lutheran Church (sometimes referred to as the Little Norwegian Synod). This group committed itself “to continue in the old doctrine and practice of the Norwegian Synod.” In 1957 it changed its name to become the Evangelical Lutheran Synod.[5]

Presidents of the Norwegian Synod

See also


  1. ^ (Rolf David Preus. "The Life and Teaching of Herman Amberg Preus as Instruction for the Church Today". Association of Confessional Lutheran Churches)The Legacy of Herman Amberg Preus
  2. ^ (Luther College)History of Luther College
  3. ^ (by the Rev. Theodore A. Aaberg)The Merger of 1917
  4. ^ (Evangelical Lutheran Synod Chronology)A Timeline History of the Norwegian Synod (1853) and Evangelical Lutheran Synod (1918)
  5. ^ (Evangelical Lutheran Synod Chronology)A Timeline History of the Norwegian Synod (1853) and Evangelical Lutheran Synod (1918)

Other sources

  • Nichol, Todd W. All These Lutherans (Minneapolis, MN: Augburg Publishing House, 1986)
  • Nelson, E. Clifford, and Fevold, Eugene L. The Lutheran Church among Norwegian-Americans: a history of the Evangelical Lutheran Church (Minneapolis: Augsburg Publishing House, 1960)
  • Wolf, Edmund Jacob. The Lutherans in America; a story of struggle, progress, influence and marvelous growth.( New York: J.A. Hill. 1889)[1]
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.