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Szilágy County

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Szilágy County

Szilágy County
Comitatul Sălaj
Comitatus Silagiensis
Szilágy vármegye
Komitat Szilagy
County of the Kingdom of Hungary
1876–1920

Coat of arms of Szilágy

Coat of arms

Location of Szilágy
Capital Zilah
History
 •  Established 1876
 •  Treaty of Trianon 4 June 1920
Area
 •  1910 3,815 km2 (1,473 sq mi)
Population
 •  1910 230,100 
Density 60.3 /km2  (156.2 /sq mi)
Today part of Romania
Zalău is the current name of the capital.

Szilágy (Romanian: Sălaj) was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is now in north-western Romania. The capital of the county was Zilah (present-day Zalău in Romania).

Contents

  • Geography 1
  • History 2
  • Demographics 3
  • Subdivisions 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6

Geography

Szilágy county shared borders with the Hungarian counties Bihar, Szatmár, Szolnok-Doboka and Kolozs. The rivers Someş/Szamos and Crasna/Kraszna flow through the county. Its territory is for a large part the same as that of the present Romanian county Sălaj. Its area was 3815 km² around 1910.

History

Szilágy county was formed in 1876, when the counties Kraszna (Its center was Valkóváralja at first, later Szilágysomlyó) and Közép-Szolnok (Its center was Zilah) were united.

In 1918 (confirmed by the Treaty of Trianon 1920), the county became part of Romania. It was occupied by Hungary between 1940 and 1944 during World War II. Most of it is now part of the Romanian county Sălaj, except some areas in the north-west (now in Satu Mare county) and north-east (now in Maramureş county).

Demographics

In 1900, the county had a population of 207,293 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[1]

Total:

According to the census of 1900, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[2]

Total:

In 1910, county had a population of 230,140 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[3]

Total:

According to the census of 1910, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[4]

Total:

Subdivisions

In the early 20th century, the subdivisions of Szilágy county were:

Districts (járás)
District Capital
Kraszna Kraszna, RO Crasna
Szilágycseh Szilágycseh, RO Cehu Silvaniei
Szilágysomlyó Szilágysomlyó, RO Șimleu Silvaniei
Tasnád Tasnád, RO Tăşnad
Zilah Zilah, RO Zalău
Zsibó Zsibó, RO Jibou
Urban districts (rendezett tanácsú város)
Szilágysomlyó, RO Șimleu Silvaniei
Zilah, RO Zalău

See also

References

  1. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-12-06. 
  2. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-12-06. 
  3. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-19. 
  4. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-19. 
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