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Tangled (franchise)

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Title: Tangled (franchise)  
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Subject: Tangled, Disney franchises, David Hand (animator), 12 basic principles of animation, Jack Kinney
Collection: Disney Franchises, Disney's Tangled
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Tangled (franchise)

Tangled is a multimedia Disney franchise based on the 2010 animated film, that have a soundtrack with songs that have achieved a level of independent success and a video game. The franchise have a short film in 2012, an upcoming stage musical in 2015[1] and an upcoming animated series in 2017.[2]

The franchise concerns a young girl (Rapunzel) with magical youth-enabling hair being trapped in a tower by Mother Gothel due to her desire to remain youthful. In the escape she encounters Flynn Rider and together they reunite her with her family.


  • Theatrical and short films 1
    • Tangled (2010) 1.1
      • Origins and conception 1.1.1
      • Writing and character development 1.1.2
    • Tangled Ever After (2012) 1.2
    • Cancelled sequel 1.3
  • Video games 2
    • Tangled: The Video Game 2.1
    • Disney Infinity (series) 2.2
    • Kingdom Hearts III 2.3
  • Television 3
    • Once Upon A Time 3.1
    • Sofia the First 3.2
    • Tangled (TV series) 3.3
  • Media 4
    • Tangled: The Musical 4.1
  • Books 5
  • Music 6
    • Tangled (soundtrack) 6.1
  • Characters 7
  • References 8

Theatrical and short films

Tangled (2010)

Tangled is a 2010 American 3D computer-animated musical fantasy-comedy film produced by Walt Disney Animation Studios and released by Walt Disney Pictures. Loosely based on the German fairy tale "Rapunzel" in the collection of folk tales published by the Brothers Grimm, it is the 50th animated feature in the Walt Disney Animated Classics series. Featuring the voices of Mandy Moore and Zachary Levi,[3] the film tells the story of a lost, young princess with long magical hair who yearns to leave her secluded tower. Against her mother's wishes, she accepts the aid of a handsome intruder to take her out into the world which she has never seen.

Before the film's release, its title was changed from Rapunzel to Tangled, reportedly to market the film as gender-neutral.[4] Tangled spent six years in production at a cost that has been estimated at $260 million, which if accurate, would make it the most expensive animated film ever made and the fifth most-expensive film of all time. The film employed a unique artistic style by blending together features of computer-generated imagery (CGI) and traditional animation while using non-photorealistic rendering to create the impression of a painting. Composer Alan Menken, who had worked on prior Disney animated features, returned to score Tangled.

Tangled premiered at the El Capitan Theatre on November 14, 2010, and went into general release on November 24. The film was a box office success earning over $593 million in worldwide box office revenue,[5] $200 million of which was earned in the United States and Canada; it was well received by critics and audiences alike. Tangled was nominated for a number of awards, including Best Animated Feature Film at the 68th Golden Globe Awards[6] and Best Original Song at the 83rd Academy Awards. The film was released on Blu-ray and DVD on March 29, 2011; an animated short film, Tangled Ever After, was released later in 2012. An animated series is in development, set to premiere on Disney Channel in 2017, with both original actors returning in their respective roles.[2]

Origins and conception

Glen Keane, the film's original director, first began working on the story for what became Tangled about 14 years prior to its release, then directed the film's development from 2002 to 2008.[7] In October 2003, the film was announced as Rapunzel Unbraided,[8][9] as a computer animated feature scheduled for a 2007 release[8][10] which Keane described as "a Shrek-like version of the film"[11] that revolved around an entirely different concept. Keane said of the original plot, "It was a fun, wonderful, witty version and we had a couple of great writers. But in my heart of hearts I believed there was something much more sincere and genuine to get out of the story, so we set it aside and went back to the roots of the original fairy tale."[12] In November 2005, Unbraided was pushed back to a summer 2009 release in order to give Keane "more time to work on the story."[13] According to Ed Catmull, at one point Michael Eisner himself had proposed using modern-day San Francisco as the initial setting at the start of the film and then somehow transporting the heroine into a fairy tale world, but Keane could not make that idea work.[14] The film was shut down about a week before Catmull and John Lasseter were placed in charge of the studio in January 2006, and one of their first decisions was to restart the project and ask Keane to keep going with the film.[14] It had originally been announced in April 2007 that Annie-nominated animator and story artist Dean Wellins would be co-directing the film alongside Glen Keane.[15] On October 9, 2008, it was reported that Keane and Wellins had stepped down as directors due to other commitments, and were replaced by the team of Byron Howard and Nathan Greno, director and storyboard director, respectively, of Disney's 2008 animated feature Bolt. Keane stayed on as an executive producer and animation supervisor, while Wellins moved on to developing other short and feature films.[16] After the film's release, Keane revealed that he had "stepped back" from the role of director because of a heart attack in 2008.[7]

Writing and character development

When asked about the character of Rapunzel, Moore said that Rapunzel was a relatable character and called her a "Renaissance, bohemian" woman[17] rather than a typical Disney princess:[18] "She doesn't know she's a princess [until the end of the film]. She's just really sort of motivated to find out what else is out there beyond this crazy tower she's lived in for 18 years," and that "she's very independent, she can take care of herself, and she's definitely come up with really entertaining ways to keep herself busy."[18] Moore also stated that she herself had little influences on Rapunzel: "The character was developed way before I had anything to do with it."[17]

Tangled Ever After (2012)

On Rapunzel and Eugene Fitzherbert's wedding day, Pascal and Maximus (the ring bearers) accidentally lose the wedding rings at the start of the wedding ceremony. Eventually, they retrieve the rings in time for the end of the wedding ceremony, but along the way, cause immense collateral damage and get themselves dirty (after landing in a tar factory). The couple finally get married, only for Pascal and Maximus to accidentally lose the wedding cake.

Cancelled sequel

On January 2015, Tangled's producer Roy Conli, revealed that there was a desire and "heavy pressure"[19] to make a feature-length sequel, but the directors were not interested.[20]

Video games

Tangled: The Video Game

Disney Infinity (series)

Disney Infinity is an action-adventure sandbox toys-to-life video game series developed by Avalanche Software and published by Disney Interactive Studios.[21] The first edition was announced on January 15, 2013 and developed for approximately $100 million. The first game uses collectible figurines that are then synchronized with the game, unlocking characters from Disney and Pixar properties that interact and go on adventures,[22] it was released for Xbox 360, PlayStation 3, Wii, Wii U, and Nintendo 3DS in August 2013. A PC version of Toy Box was also released on November 14, 2013. The second edition, Disney Infinity: Marvel Super Heroes, was released on September 23, 2014. The third edition, Disney Infinity 3.0, was released on August 30, 2015.

The figure of Rapunzel is available for the video game series, and is compatible with all three editions.

Kingdom Hearts III

Kingdom Hearts III (Japanese: キングダム ハーツIII Hepburn: Kingudamu Hātsu Surī) is an upcoming action role-playing game developed and published by Square Enix for the PlayStation 4 and Xbox One. It will be the first Kingdom Hearts game to be featured on a Microsoft platform, having previously only released on Sony Computer Entertainment and Nintendo platforms, and the first to originally release on more than one console. It is the eleventh installment in the Kingdom Hearts series.

A world based on the film titled Kingdom of Corona will be included on the game.[23]


Once Upon A Time

Disney's Rapunzel made a special appearance on the Disney-inspired TV series Once Upon A Time in the episode 14 of the season 3 titled The Tower.

Sofia the First

Rapunzel made a special appeareance on the Disney Junior TV series Sofia The First in the one-hour special episode 18 of the Season 2 titled The Curse of the Princess Ivy where she sang the song "Dare To Risk It All", in which she cited her relationship with the deceitful Flynn Rider as a metaphor for a current situation between the princess and her friends.

Tangled (TV series)

An animated television series based on Tangled is set it to air on the Disney Channel in 2017, with the series taken place between Tangled and Tangled Ever After.[2] Cassandra is a new character to be featured.[2]


Tangled: The Musical

Tangled: The Musical will premiere on the Disney Cruise Line this November, featuring additional new songs by Menken and Slater.[1]


  • Tangled: The Essential Guide
  • The Art of Tangled (Jeff Kurtti)
  • Tangled (Little Golden Book)
  • Tangled: Ultimate Sticker Book
  • Tangled (Disney's Wonderful World of Reading)


Tangled (soundtrack)



  1. ^ a b
  2. ^ a b c d Iannucci, Rebecca (June 3, 2015). Series; Mandy Moore, Zachary Levi to Star"Tangled"Disney Channel Making . TVLine. TVLine Media, LLC. Retrieved June 3, 2015. 
  3. ^ The Walt Disney Studios. "The Walt Disney Studios Rolls Out Slate of 10 New Animated Motion Pictures Through 2012" (Press release). PR Newswire. Archived from the original on June 25, 2010. Retrieved November 23, 2010. 
  4. ^
  5. ^ Elizabeth Wagmeister. "‘Tangled’ Animated TV Series Based on Film Coming to Disney Channel". Variety. The series follows the success of Disney Channel’s 2012 “Tangled Ever After” short, which brought in five million total viewers. ... The “Tangled” series is the latest step in the Disney franchise, following the huge box office success. The Golden Globe and Academy Award-nominated film opened with $68.7 million and earned $200 million domestically and over $593 million globally. 
  6. ^ Reynolds, Simon (December 14, 2010). "In Full: Golden Globes — Movie Nominees".  
  7. ^ a b Graham, Bill (November 27, 2010). "Animation Director Glen Keane Exclusive Interview TANGLED"., LLC. Retrieved May 11, 2014. 
  8. ^ a b Orwall, Bruce (October 23, 2003). "Disney Decides It Must Draw Artists Into the Computer Age".  
  9. ^ Nusair, David. "Top 5 Disney Animated Adaptations". Retrieved June 22, 2013. 
  10. ^ Wloszczyna, Susan (September 17, 2003). "A fairy-tale bending".  
  11. ^ Paluso, Marianne (March 29, 2011). "Once Upon a Time". Christian Today. Christianity Today. Retrieved June 23, 2013. 
  12. ^ Minow, Nell. "Interview: Glen Keane of ‘Tangled’". Beliefnet. Beliefnet, Inc. Retrieved May 12, 2013. 
  13. ^ Marr, Merrisa (November 7, 2005). "Debut of 'Chicken Little' Gives Disney Something to Crow Over". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved July 9, 2014. 
  14. ^ a b Catmull, Ed; Amy Wallace (2014). Creativity, Inc.: Overcoming the Unseen Forces That Stand in the Way of True Inspiration. New York: Random House. p. 271.  
  15. ^ " Rhett Wickham: Rapunzel Gets Second Director – Apr 12, 2007 (The #1 Site for Disney)". Retrieved November 23, 2010. 
  16. ^ "Ain't It Cool News: Glen Keane leaving Disney's RAPUNZEL. Who's stepping up?". October 10, 2008. Retrieved March 13, 2011. 
  17. ^ a b "Mandy Moore On Tangled: 'I Screamed As Soon As I Found Out' (INTERVIEW)".  
  18. ^ a b Warner, Kara (August 27, 2010). "Mandy Moore’s ‘Tangled’ Heroine Not ‘Typical Disney Princess’".  
  19. ^ Bodey, Michael (December 30, 2014). "Big Hero 6: another animation marvel from Disney". The Australian (News Corp Australia). Retrieved January 1, 2015. Conli even recalls being “pushed heavily” for a sequel to Tangled. 
  20. ^ Brew, Simon (January 31, 2015). "Exclusive: why Disney never made Tangled 2". Den of Geek. Retrieved October 31, 2015. 
  21. ^ "Disney launches Infinity video game that costs more than an iPad Mini". Daily Mail. January 16, 2013. Retrieved January 17, 2013. 
  22. ^ Graser, Marc (2013-06-12). "Disney Hopes New Videogame Will Bolster Its Worst Performing Division". Variety. Retrieved 2013-06-19. 
  23. ^ Riendeau, Danielle (June 16, 2015). "Watch the Kingdom Hearts 3 gameplay trailer".  
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