World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Tanod

Article Id: WHEBN0037558076
Reproduction Date:

Title: Tanod  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Law enforcement in the Philippines, National Counter-Terrorism Action Group, Lina Sarmiento, List of newspapers in the Philippines, Iwahig Prison and Penal Farm
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Tanod

A tanod directing traffic in Oton, Iloilo, February 2013
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the Philippines

A barangay tanod, also known as a barangay police officer -- and sometimes as BPSO (which can stand for barangay peace and security officer, barangay peacekeeping and security officer, or barangay police safety officer) -- is the lowest level of law enforcement officer in the Philippines. He is a watchman for a barangay who is supervised by the barangay captain and performs a variety of police functions. Tanods are "front liners (sic) in the preparation and response to any type of atrocities, public disorders, emergencies and even disasters or man-made calamities that threaten peace and order and public safety."[1]

Duties

While they cooperate with the Philippine National Police (PNP), they are not a part of the PNP.[2] They do not have the same authority as police officers.[3] Rather tanods augment the police and fulfill "certain functions which the police force cannot immediately discharge especially with respect to the implementation of national and local laws within barangays."[3] The Local Government Code of the Philippines sets out the basic duties and responsibilities of a tanod. The Department of Interior and Local Government provides training and a fuller definition of duties.[3]

They may be either unarmed or armed simply, say with a truncheon or a bolo, a type of machete.[4] They are not officially armed with guns, though some do carry arms.[4] Those who do carry a gun may have obtained a private license as a private citizen and not as part of their official tanod duties, while others carry the firearms illegally.

While they are often described as volunteers,[5] they can receive some payment and other benefits[1] which are paid out of the barangay's, municipality's, or city's funds[6] which mostly come from the Internal Revenue Allotment, supplemented by other sources. Tanods can receive different pay and benefits depending upon the wealth and need of the local community. In Cebu City, the city government permits each barangay to pay a tanod an "honorium" of 4,000 pesos per month.[7] In other places, tanods only receive 300 pesos per month.[8]

In 2004, there were over 700,000 tanods.[9] (There are about 140,000 personnel of the Philippines National Police.) The number, however, varies from city to city and barangay to barangay. The city of Cebu authorizes each barangay to hire up to 20 tanods.[8] In 2011, the city of Baguio, with a population of approximately 325,000, had 392 tanods across 88 barangays, or an average of 4.5 per barangay.[3] In Cagayan de Oro, there are 950 tanods across 56 barangays, or about an average of 17 per barangay.[10] In the province of Southern Leyte, there were 3,452 tanods as of 2012.[11]

Often a barangay will have a tanod outpost that can either be a simple shelter or a small concrete building.

History

Tanods were well-established long before the passage of the current Local Government Code in 1991.

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Seach for Outstanding Barangay Tanod". Local Government Regional Resource Center Region VI, Dept. of Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 6 November 2012. 
  2. ^ Recuenco, Aaron B. (December 17, 2011). Tanod' tapped for police visibility"'". Manila Bulletin. Retrieved 6 November 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c d Bayan, Nerie (February 24, 2011). "http://www.sunstar.com.ph/baguio/opinion/bayan-barangay-tanod-system". SunStar Baguio. Retrieved 28 June 2013. 
  4. ^ a b Vestil, Justin Anjuli K; Nilda Gallo; and Hayde Quiñanola (June 18, 2008). "Tanods use illegal guns". Cebu Daily News. Retrieved 6 November 2012. 
  5. ^ "Seach for Outstanding Barangay Tanod". Local Government Regional Resource Center. Retrieved 27 February 2013. 
  6. ^ Codamon, Daniel B. (Friday 12th of October 2012). "Banaue provides hospitalization, burial assistance to barangay officials". Philippine Information Agency. Retrieved 6 November 2012. (T)he local law...shall apply to all...barangay tanods,...and other duly appointed barangay personnel who are in active service in their respective barangays at the time of availment of the benefits. 
  7. ^ Borromeo, Rene U. (February 22, 2013). "City treasurer urged: Release tanod, lupon stipend monthly". The Freeman. Retrieved 27 February 2013. 
  8. ^ a b Torregoza, Hannah L. (February 22, 2013). "No New Guest Candidates For UNA". Manila Bulletin. Retrieved 27 February 2013. 
  9. ^ http://www.questia.com/library/1G1-114145754/dilg-trains-barangay-tanods-as-partners-of-cops-in
  10. ^ http://dilg10.org/v1/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=214&Itemid=2
  11. ^ http://www.samarnews.com/news2012/jan/b556.htm

External links

  • PRESIDENTIAL DECREE No. 1508 (repealed by R.A. 7160) ESTABLISHING A SYSTEM OF AMICABLY SETTLING DISPUTES AT THE BARANGAY LEVEL
  • R.A. 7160 AN ACT PROVIDING FOR A LOCAL GOVERNMENT CODE OF 1991
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.