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Tipper Gore

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Tipper Gore

Tipper Gore
Tipper Gore in June 2009
Second Lady of the United States
In office
January 20, 1993 – January 20, 2001
President Bill Clinton
Preceded by Marilyn Quayle
Succeeded by Lynne Cheney
Personal details
Born Mary Elizabeth Aitcheson
(1948-08-19) August 19, 1948
Washington, D.C., U.S.
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Al Gore (1970-2010; separated)[1]
Children Karenna, Kristin, Sarah, Albert III
Alma mater Boston University
Occupation Author, photographer
Religion Episcopalian

Mary Elizabeth "Tipper" Gore (née Aitcheson; born August 19, 1948) is an author, photographer, and social issues advocate who was Second Lady of the United States from 1993 to 2001, and the wife of Al Gore, the 45th Vice President of the United States, from whom she is currently separated.

She has advocated for mental health, homelessness, women and children, and LGBT issues. Gore rose to prominence for her work with the Parents Music Resource Center (PMRC), voicing strong opinions for the labeling of record covers of releases featuring profane language, especially in the heavy metal, punk and hip hop genres.

Contents

  • Early life, education and career 1
  • Politics and activism 2
    • Parents Music Resource Center (PMRC) 2.1
    • 1990s to present 2.2
  • Creative roles 3
  • Personal life 4
  • Bibliography 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

Early life, education and career

Born Mary Elizabeth Aitcheson in Washington, D.C., Tipper Gore is the daughter of John Kenneth "Jack" Aitcheson, Jr., a plumbing-supply entrepreneur and owner of J & H Aitcheson Plumbing Supply,[2] and his first wife, Margaret Ann (née Carlson) Odom (who lost her first husband during World War II). She was given the nickname "Tipper" by her mother, allegedly from a song her mother had heard. Gore grew up in Arlington, Virginia. Her mother and grandmother raised her after her parents divorced.[3]

Al and Tipper Gore's wedding day, May 19, 1970, at the Washington National Cathedral

She attended St. Agnes (now St. Stephen's & St. Agnes School), a private Episcopal school in Alexandria, Virginia, where she played basketball, softball, and field hockey and played the drums for an all-girl band, The Wildcats.[3]

She met Al Gore at his senior prom in 1965. Although she came to the prom with one of his classmates, Gore and Tipper began to date immediately afterwards.[4] When Al Gore began attending Harvard University, she enrolled in Garland Junior College (now part of Simmons College) and later transferred to Boston University, receiving her B.A. in psychology in 1970.[5][6] On May 19, 1970, she and Gore were married at the Washington National Cathedral.[7][8]

Gore pursued a

Honorary titles
Preceded by
Marilyn Quayle
Second Lady of the United States
1993–2001
Succeeded by
Lynne Cheney
United States order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Al Gore
Former Vice President
Order of precedence in the United States of America Succeeded by
Dick Cheney
Former Vice President
  • Tipper Gore Photography
  • Official White House homepage (archived)
  • Early version of official White House homepage, 1994
  • Warm and personable wins points with public - Tipper Gore (1996)
  • Biography—Frontline
  • Biography
  • "Tipper Gore and Family Values"—NPR
  • Tipper Gore speaks at the Democratic National Convention, 1996
  • The Women Who Made Al Gore

External links

  1. ^ Schelzig, Erik (June 1, 2010). "After 40 years of marriage, Tipper and Al Gore part ways".  
  2. ^ "John K. Aitcheson (obituary)".  
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h "Tipper Gore Bio". CNN. Retrieved 20 April 2014. 
  4. ^ Maraniss, David; Nakashima, Ellen (October 10, 1999). "Al Gore, Growing Up in Two Worlds".  
  5. ^ Next First Lady Will Recast Role - Tipper Gore and Laura Bush
  6. ^ "Photo Gallery: Garland Junior College dance". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 20, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Gore Chronology".  
  8. ^ Howd, Aimee (December 31, 1999). "Wedding photograph".  
  9. ^ "Tipper Gore In and Out of Public Eye". ABC News. January 6, 2006. Retrieved April 20, 2014. 
  10. ^ a b c d "Who is Tipper Gore?".  
  11. ^ KohrsCampbell, Karlyn. "Shadowboxing with Stereotypes: the Press, the Public, and the Candidates Wives" (PDF).  
  12. ^ a b c d Davey, Monica (August 17, 2000). "Tipper Gore Vows She Would Chart Own Course As First Lady".  
  13. ^ Romano, Lois (March 29, 1988). "Tipper Gore, Playing Down the Rock War".  
  14. ^ Povich, Elaine S. (July 10, 1992). "Tipper Gore Gives Ticket Family-value Points".  
  15. ^ a b c O'Connor, Eileen (June 7, 1999). "Longtime mental health advocate Tipper Gore takes centerstage".  
  16. ^ Peterson, Helen (August 13, 2000). "Gore's Tipper: All-American Cheerleader".  
  17. ^ Miss Cellania (2 January 2012). "Tipper vs. Music". Uncle John's Bathroom Reader Plunges into Music. The Bathroom Reader Institute. Retrieved 2 June 2012. 
  18. ^ a b Hinckley, David (July 19, 1987). "Pediatricians Group Agrees To Join In Warnings Against Rock Lyrics".  
  19. ^ a b c d  
  20. ^ "Dee Snider's Statement on Censorship to the U.S. Senate". VH1. Viacom International Inc. 15 July 2002. Archived from the original on 2007-02-08. Retrieved 2 June 2012. 
  21. ^  
  22. ^ a b c d e f g h Seelye, Katharine Q. (May 19, 2000). "The 2000 Campaign: The Vice President's Wife".  
  23. ^ Shrieve, Krystn (September 2, 1999). "Ventura County Seeks Help; Tipper Gore May Be Enlisted In Health Services Row".  
  24. ^ a b Cimons, Marlene (March 11, 1993). "Mental Health May Be Part of Reform, Tipper Gore Says".  
  25. ^ Godown first1=Jan (November 29, 1992). "A few moments with Tipper Gore".  
  26. ^  
  27. ^ Morales, Tatiana (May 23, 2002). "Tipper Gore On Mental Health".  
  28. ^ Morgan first1=John (May 20, 2003). "Tipper Gore honors mental health achievements".  
  29. ^ "Tipper Gore Joins SIDS fight".  
  30. ^ Rieff, David (December 1994). "God and Man in Rwanda".  
  31. ^ Warrick, Pamela (August 15, 1994). "Tipper Gore's Mission of Mercy : Rwanda: On a visit to L.A., she recounts tales of life--and death--in refugee camps.".  
  32. ^ "VP Wife Tipper Gore Discusses Her Recent Trip To Refugee Camps In Zaire".  
  33. ^ "Tipper Gore visits Honduras to assess relief needs from Hurricane Mitch".  
  34. ^ Testa, Karen (November 11, 1998). "Tipper Gore Visits Honduras". Associated Press. Retrieved 22 April 2015. 
  35. ^ "Tipper Gore Coming To Spokane Next Week".  
  36. ^ Shogren, Elizabeth (November 5, 1996). "Gore Striving to Deliver Neck-and-Neck Tennessee".  
  37. ^ Karl, Jonathan; Bash, Dana (17 March 2002). "Tipper Gore says no to Senate bid". CNN (Cable News Network. Turner Broadcasting System, Inc.). Retrieved 2 June 2012. 
  38. ^ a b "Ready to Run: 2013 Nashville AIDS Walk takes place October 5". Out and About Nashville. September 23, 2013. Retrieved 13 March 2015. 
  39. ^ Page, Jamie (October 6, 2013). "Tipper Gore Draws Crowd".  
  40. ^ "Tipper Gore, L.A. Gay and Lesbian Center Dinner Focus on No on 8".  
  41. ^ Sutton, Justine (December 6, 2012). "Diana Basehart Foundation Makes People and Their Animals Its Pet Project". Noozhawk. Retrieved 9 April 2015. 
  42. ^ Ortiz, Jennifer (October 1, 2014). "Behind the Lens: The Photography of Tipper Gore at Wall Space Gallery". Seasons Magazine. Retrieved 9 April 2015. 
  43. ^ Ann, Mary. "The Sleuth - The Dead in D.C., a Stirring, Smoky Bipartisan Show". Voices.washingtonpost.com. Retrieved 2015-01-25. 
  44. ^ Ocamb, Karen (November 20, 2008). "Tipper Gore Comes Out Against Prop 8".  
  45. ^ Margolis, Lynne (September 18, 2000). "Young Shines at Farm Aid 2000".  
  46. ^ "Tipper Gore hits the drums at Monk Institute gala".  
  47. ^ "Tipper Gore Says Convention Is No Threat to Homeless".  
  48. ^ Schaub, Charlyne Varkonyi (May 5, 2006). "Accents For The Politically Hip".  
  49. ^ Marcano, Tony (1997-03-21). "CHRONICLE".  
  50. ^ a b Gore, Al (May 22, 2007). The Assault on Reason. New York:  
  51. ^ Westfall, Sandra Sobieraj (April 22, 2014). "Sarah Gore, Daughter of Al Gore, Weds in California".  
  52. ^ "Biography: Gore's road from Tennessee to the White House". CNN. June 16, 1999. 
  53. ^ McElwaine, Sandra (July 6, 2012). "Bill Allen: Tipper Gore’s Secretive New Beau".  
  54. ^ Argetsinger, Amy; Roberts, Roxanne (2010-06-02). "40 more years? Not for Al and Tipper Gore, who've announced their separation".  
  55. ^ Healy, Patrick (2012-08-25). "The End of the Line".  

References

  • The Way Home: Ending Homelessness in America, 2000, ISBN 0-886-7505-8X
  • From the Bottom of Our Hearts, 2002, ISBN 1-931718-32-6 (Foreword)

She has also contributed to the following books:

  • Raising PG Kids in an X-Rated Society, 1987, ISBN 0-687-35282-7
  • Picture This: A Visual Diary, 1996, ISBN 0-553-06720-6
  • Joined at the Heart: The Transformation of the American Family, 2002, ISBN 0-8050-7450-3, (with Al Gore)
  • The Spirit of Family, 2002, ISBN 5-550-15167-7 (with Al Gore)

Tipper Gore is the author of a number of books including:

Bibliography

In June 2010, the Gores announced their marital separation, "a mutual and mutually supportive decision that we have made together following a process of long and careful consideration."[54] In August 2012, The New York Times reported that both Gores were dating other people and have no plans to resume marriage, but that their "bond endures" and their relationship is friendly. "The couple reunites a few times a year, most recently in June, for summer family vacations and Christmases in the Gore family seat of Carthage, Tennessee," the newspaper reported.[55]

Gore has four children: Karenna Aitcheson Gore[49] (born August 6, 1973), Kristin Carlson Gore[50] (born June 5, 1977), Sarah LaFon Gore Maiani[50][51] (born January 7, 1979), and Albert Gore III (born October 19, 1982);[52] and several grandchildren.[53]

Personal life

A photographer since the 1970s, Gore has published several books of photography,[3] has been included in exhibits,[47] and her prints have been sold by Mitchell Gold Co. stores.[48]

In high school, Gore was the drummer for an all-girl band called the Wildcats.[22][12] She has played drums with members of the Grateful Dead, and during the second night of the Spring 2009 Dead tour, Tipper Gore sat in on drums during the closing song "Sugar Magnolia".[43][22] In 2000, she appeared on stage at the Equality Rocks concert at Robert F. Kennedy Memorial Stadium to play to a crowd of 45,000 prior to the Millennium March on Washington.[22][44] Later that year, she played with Willie Nelson during his set at Farm Aid.[45] She played with Herbie Hancock at the 25th Thelonious Monk International Jazz Competition in 2012.[46]

Tipper Gore with camera
Tipper Gore drumming with Mickey Hart during a Dead appearance in April 2009

Creative roles

She serves as co-chair of the advisory board of the Diana Basehart Foundation which assists homeless and low-income people with animal care.[41] In 2014, she created an exhibition of her photographs at the Wall Space Gallery to support the Pacific Pride Foundation that provides services to the HIV/AIDS and LGBT communities of Santa Barbara, California.[42]

Gore has been a long-time advocate for the LGBT community.[38][22] She represented the Clinton Administration in the Washington, DC AIDS Walk in 1993 as one of the highest-ranking public officials ever to participate.[38] She has continued to participate in such walks and, in 2013, she was an honorary chair of the Nashville AIDS Walk & 5K Run.[39] She was a public opponent of California's Proposition 8 to ban same sex marriage in 2008.[40]

In 2002, Gore was urged by her supporters to run for the vacant U.S. Senate seat her husband once held in Tennessee, which was being vacated by Fred Thompson; however, she declined.[37]

Gore took part in campaigning for the reelection of President Clinton and Vice President Gore in 1996,[35][36] and she was actively involved in her husband's presidential campaign in 2000, making her own campaign stops and media appearances. She also acted as an advisor and was a part of decisions including the hiring of Tony Coelho as chairman of the campaign and moving its headquarters to Nashville.[10][22][12]

Along with her work in mental health, Gore was a part of several other initiatives during her time as Second Lady. She served as Special Advisor to the Interagency Council on the Homeless and as the national spokesperson for the "Back to Sleep" SIDS awareness campaign.[29] In 1994, Gore visited a refugee camp and an orphanage in Zaire on a personal trip to provide aid in the aftermath of the Rwandan Genocide. She stayed in a UNICEF camp and assisted doctors and aid workers.[30][31][32] She made an official visit to Honduras in 1998 following Hurricane Mitch to volunteer, bring medical supplies, and survey the damage.[33][34]

As [28][22][12]

Gore campaigned during her husband's 1988 presidential bid[25] and toured with him and Bill and Hillary Clinton during the presidential campaign of 1992.[26][22]

In 1990, Gore founded the Tennessee Voices for Children to advance youth services for mental health and substance abuse.[23] Gore also co-chaired the National Mental Health Association's Child Mental Health Interest Group.[24]

1990s to present

The PMRC's efforts were successful and resulted in an agreement where recording labels voluntarily placed warning labels on music with violent or sexually explicit lyrics.[3][22]

According to an article by NPR, Gore went "before Congress to urge warning labels for records marketed to children."[19] Gore explained that her purpose wasn't to put a "gag" on music, but to keep it safe for younger listeners by providing parents with information about the content of the songs.[19] A number of individuals including Dee Snider of Twisted Sister,[20] Jello Biafra of the Dead Kennedys,[21] John Denver, Joey Ramone, and Frank Zappa[19] criticized the group, arguing that it was a form of censorship. In response, NPR further stated that according to Gore, she "wasn't out to censor the objectionable material" and quoted her as stating that she is "a strong believer in the First Amendment" who is calling for greater "consumer information in the marketplace."[19]

In 1985, Tipper Gore co-founded the Parents Music Resource Center (PMRC) with Susan Baker, wife of then United States Secretary of the Treasury James Baker, because Tipper heard her then 11-year-old daughter Karenna playing "Darling Nikki" by Prince.[17] The group's goal was to increase parental and consumer awareness of music that contained explicit content through voluntary labeling albums with Parental Advisory stickers.[18][3] Their coalition included the National PTA and the American Academy of Pediatrics.[18]

Parents Music Resource Center (PMRC)

In 1984, Gore began volunteering in homeless shelters.[15][3] Homelessness became a major cause for Gore, and she formed a group called Families for the Homeless to raise funds and awareness for the issue.[3][16]

Gore took an active role in her husband’s political pursuits starting with his first campaign for the United States House of Representatives from Tennessee in 1976.[12] Soon after her husband's election, Gore established a group to examine and write about social issues called the Congressional Wives Task Force.[13][14]

From left: Bill Clinton, Tipper Gore, Al Gore and Hillary Clinton

Politics and activism

[11][3][10] in 1976.U.S. Congress and continued as a freelance photographer in Washington after her husband was elected to the The Tennessean's Nashville for photographer She worked part-time as a newspaper [10][9]

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