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Tithi

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Tithi

The astornomical basis of the Hindu lunar day

In Vedic timekeeping, a tithi (also spelled thithi) is a lunar day, or the time it takes for the longitudinal angle between the Moon and the Sun to increase by 12°. Tithis begin at varying times of day and vary in duration from approximately 19 to approximately 26 hours.[1]

Panchanga

image to understand the calculation of tithi

A Hindu muhurta (moment) can be represented in five attributes of Hindu astronomy namely, vara the weekday, tithi, nakshatra the Moon's asterism, yoga the angular relationship between Sun and Moon and karana half of tithi.

Tithi plays an important role along with nakshatra in Hindu's daily as well as special activities in selecting the muhurta. There are good tithis as well as bad tithis.

There are 30 tithis in each lunar month, named as :

Sl.No Krishna paksha
(dark fortnight)
Shukla paksha
(bright fortnight)
Deity and properties
1 Prathama Prathama The presiding deity of the first lunar day is Agni and it is good for all types of auspicious and religious ceremonies
2 Dwitiya Dwitiya Vidhatr or Bramha rules this lunar day and is good for the laying of foundations for buildings and other things of a permanent nature.
3 Tritiya Tritiya Gauri is the lord of this day and is good for the cuttings of one's hair and nails and shaving.
4 Chaturthi Chaturthi Yama/Ganapati is lord of the 4th lunar day, which is good for the destruction of one's enemies, the removal of obstacles, and acts of combat.
5 Panchami Panchami The Naaga or Serpents rules this day, which is favourable for administering medicine, the purging of poisons, and surgery.
6 Shashthi Shashthi Karttikeya presides over this day and is favourable for coronations, meeting new friends, festivities, and enjoyment.
7 Saptami Saptami The 7th lunar day is ruled by Surya; one may begin a journey, buy conveyances, and deal with other such things as a movable nature.
8 Ashtami Ashtami The Rudra rule this day, which is good for taking up arms, building of one's defenses, and fortification.
9 Navami Navami The Ambikaa rules this day, which is suitable for killing enemies, acts of destruction, and violence. Inauspicious for ceremonies and journeys.
10 Dasami Dashami The day is ruled by Dharmaraja and is auspicious for acts of virtue, religious functions, spiritual practices, and other pious activities.
11 Ekadasi Ekadashi Rudra rule this day; fasting, devotional activities, and remembrance of the Supreme Lord are very favourable.This day has special religious significance in Hinduism and Jainism—usually observed by fasting
12 Dvadasi Dwadashi The Vishnu or Aditya rules this day, which is auspicious for religious ceremonies the lighting of the sacred fire, and the performance of one's duties.
13 Trayodasi Thrayodashi The day is ruled by Cupid and is good for forming friendships, sensual pleasures, and festivities.
14 Chaturdashi Chaturdashi Kali rules this day suitable for administering poison and calling of elementals and spirits.
15 Amavasya
(new moon)
Purnima or Paurnami
(full moon)
The Pitru-devas rule the New Moon suitable for the propitiation of the Manes and performance of austerities.Purnima is ruled by Moon and suitable for merry making,fire sacrifice.

References

  1. ^ Defouw, Hart; Robert Svoboda (2003). Light on Life: An Introduction to the Astrology of India. Lotus Press. p. 186.  

External links

  • The Vaisnava Calendar
  • The Hindu Lunisolar Calendar
  • iPhone app
  • Free Hindu Panchang


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