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Township (Pennsylvania)

 

Township (Pennsylvania)

Township
A map showing the location of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, shaded in red, in the contiguous United States of America, shaded in vanilla. The Commonwealth realm of Canada, shaded in silver, is shown to the north, and the United Mexican States, also shaded in silver, is shown to the south. The State of Alaska and the State of Hawaii are shown at the bottom left-hand corner, in their own boxes.
Category Third-level administrative division
Location Commonwealth of Pennsylvania

A township in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, a federated state of the United States of America, is one of four types of municipalities in the state, along with counties, cities, and boroughs.

History

Townships were established based on convenient geographical boundaries and vary in size from six to forty square miles (15–104 km²). There are two classifications of townships, first class and second class. To become a first class township, townships of the second class must have a population density of 300 inhabitants per square mile (120/km2) and voters must approve the change of classification in a referendum. However, many townships have chosen to remain second class townships even though they meet the population density requirements to become first class townships.[1]

Any township, regardless of its class, may adopt a home rule charter, at which point it is no longer governed by the Pennsylvania Township Code and instead becomes a home rule municipality. Nevertheless, many former townships that adopted home rule charters retain "Township" in their official names, and the state still classifies them as townships for some official purposes.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Pennsylvania Local Government" (PDF). Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Retrieved October 8, 2007. 


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