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Transport in Djibouti

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Title: Transport in Djibouti  
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Subject: Economy of Djibouti, Cinema of Djibouti, Mining in Djibouti, Tourism in Djibouti, Telecommunications in Djibouti
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Transport in Djibouti

Transport in Djibouti refers to the transportation structure in Djibouti.


Djibouti has 100 km of metre-gauge railway.


total: 2,890 km
paved: 364 km
unpaved: 2,526 km (1996 est.)

  • Major roads include N1 west from Djibouti 246 km via Ouê'a and Mouloud to Dikhil, then north via Yoboki to Ethiopia, designated part of the Ndjamena-Djibouti Trans-Africa Highway 6;
  • N2 east from Djibouti along the coast to Somalia at Layado;
  • N9 from N1 122 km north and east to Tadjoura, where a secondary road continues along the coast; and a secondary road from Djibouti south-west via Holhol and Ali Addé to Ali Sabieh, then north to join N1.

There is one road to Somalia at Layado; three roads to Ethiopia: south from Ali Sabieh parallel to the railway to Dewele, N1 to Deda'i on Ethiopia No 2, and an unimproved track north-west from Balho to Ethiopia No 2; and two to Eritrea: an unpaved track overland from Tadjoura via Randa and Assa Gaila to Aseb, and a coastal track from Obock to Aseb.

Ports and harbors

Djibouti's improved natural harbor consists of a roadstead, outer harbor, and inner harbor. The roadstead is well protected by reefs and the configuration of the land. The inner harbor has five outer and six inner berths for large vessels. A quarter of Ethiopia’s imports and half of its exports move through the port. Car ferries ply the Gulf of Tadjoura from Djibouti city to Tadjou.

Merchant marine

total: 1 ship (with a volume of 1,000 gross register tons (GRT) or over) totaling 1,369 GRT/3,030 tonnes deadweight (DWT)
ships by type: cargo ship 1 (1999 est.)


An Ilyushin Il-18 aircraft and ferrying bus on the Djibouti–Ambouli International Airport runway.

In 2004, there were an estimated 13 airports, only 3 of which had paved runways as of 2005. Djibouti–Ambouli International Airport, which is situated about 6 km from the city of Djibouti, is the country's international air terminal. There are also local airports at Tadjoura and Obock. Beginning in 1963, the state-owned Air Djibouti also provided domestic service to various domestic centers and flew to many overseas destinations. The national carrier discontinued operations in 2002. Daallo Airlines, a Somali-owned private carrier, has also offered air transportation since its foundation in 1991. With its hub at the Djibouti–Ambouli International Airport, the airline provides flights to a number of domestic and overseas destinations.

Airports - with paved runways

total: 2
over 3,047 m: 1
2,438 to 3,047 m: 1 (1999 est.)

Airports - with unpaved runways

total: 10
1,524 to 2,437 m: 2
914 to 1,523 m: 5
under 914 m: 3 (1999 est.)


  • Michelon 745 Africa North East, Arabia 2007
  • GeoCenter Africa North East 1999

 This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook document "2012 edition".

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