World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Transport in Myanmar

Article Id: WHEBN0000020393
Reproduction Date:

Title: Transport in Myanmar  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Internal conflict in Myanmar, Minywa, Togyaunggale, Satthwa, Thilawa Port
Collection: Transport in Myanmar
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Transport in Myanmar

The government of Myanmar (known as Burma before gaining independence from the British Empire) has two ministries controlling transportation:

  1. Ministry of Rail Transport
  2. Ministry of Transport


  • Railways 1
  • Roadways 2
  • Waterways 3
  • Pipelines 4
  • Ports and harbours 5
    • Sea 5.1
    • River 5.2
  • Merchant marine 6
  • Airports 7
    • Heliports 7.1
  • See also 8
  • References 9


As of February 2008, Burma had 5,099 km (3,168 mi) of railways, all 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in) gauge. There are currently no rail links to adjacent countries.


total: 27,000 km (16,777 mi)
paved: 3,200 km (1,988 mi)
unpaved: 23,800 km (14,789 mi) (2006)

The main highways are:

There is one expressway in the country, featuring double carriageway and four lanes on its entire length:


; 3,200 km (1,988 mi) navigable by large commercial vessels. (2008)

Orient-Express Hotels Ltd. operates its business in Ayeyarwady River by the name Road to Mandalay River Cruise. Irrawaddy Flotilla Company was also in service along the Ayeyarwady River in the 20th century, until 2003.


  • Crude oil 2,228 km (1,384 mi); natural gas 558 km (347 mi). (2008)
  • Proposed pipe from Kyaukphyu through Mandalay to Kunming [1]

Ports and harbours


  • Sittwe (Akyab)
  • Dawei - railhead - new deepwater port under construction 2005


Merchant marine

total: 24 ships (with a volume of 1,000 gross register tons (GRT) or over) totaling 472,284 GRT/716,533 tonnes deadweight (DWT)
Ships by type: bulk carrier 1, cargo ship 17, passenger ship 2, passenger/cargo 3, specialized tanker 1 (2008)
note: a flag of convenience registry; includes ships of 3 countries: Cyprus 1, Germany 1, Japan 1


In July 2010, the country had 69 airports. Only 11 of them had runways over 10,000 feet (3248 meters). Of the 11, only Yangon International and Mandalay International had adequate facilities to handle larger jets.[2]
total: 69
over 3,047 m: 11
1524 to 3,047 m: 27
Under 1524 m: 31


4 (2007)

See also


  1. ^ The Weekly Telegraph 23 January 2008 p17
  2. ^ "Myanmar Has 11 Airports with over 10,000 Foot Runways". Bi-Weekly Eleven (in Burmese) (Yangon) 3 (18): 7. 2010-07-30. 

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the CIA World Factbook.

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.