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Tucanoan languages


Tucanoan languages

Linguistic classification: One of the world's primary language families
Glottolog: tuca1253[1]
East Tukano (nuclear green), Central Tukano (turquoise green) and West Tukano (dark green). Spots indicates actual locations of different tukano languages, shadowed area intended extension before 20th century.

Tucanoan (also Tukanoan, Tukánoan) is a language family of Colombia, Brazil, Ecuador, and Peru.


  • Family division 1
  • References 2
  • Bibliography 3
  • External links 4

Family division

There are two dozen Tucanoan languages:

  • Western Tucanoan[2]
    • Correguaje (AKA Coreguaje, Caquetá, Korewahe, Koreguaje)
    • ?Tama (†)
    • Napo
      • Orejón (AKA Coto, Payoguaje, Payaguá, Koto, Payowahe, Payawá, M`áíhɨ̃ki)
      • Siona–Secoya (Upper Napo)
        • ?Macaguaje (AKA Kakawahe, Piohé) (†)
        • Siona (Siona, Sioni, Pioje, Pioche-Sioni, Tetete)
        • Secoya (Piohé, Secoya, Siona-Secoya)
  • Central Tucanoan
  • Eastern Tucanoan
  • ?Miriti (†)
  • ?Cueretú (AKA Kueretú) (†)
  • ?Yauna (AKA Jaúna, Yahuna, Yaúna) (†)

Most languages are, or were, spoken in Colombia.


  1. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Tukanoan".  
  2. ^ Thiago Chacon (2012)


  • Campbell, Lyle. (1997). American Indian languages: The historical linguistics of Native America. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-509427-1.
  • Kaufman, Terrence. (1990). Language history in South America: What we know and how to know more. In D. L. Payne (Ed.), Amazonian linguistics: Studies in lowland South American languages (pp. 13–67). Austin: University of Texas Press. ISBN 0-292-70414-3.
  • Kaufman, Terrence. (1994). The native languages of South America. In C. Mosley & R. E. Asher (Eds.), Atlas of the world's languages (pp. 46–76). London: Routledge.

External links

  • Proel: Familia Tucanoana

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