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乌兰察布市 · ᠤᠯᠠᠭᠠᠨᠴᠠᠪᠬᠣᠲᠠ
Prefecture-level city
Huanghuagou, a grassland scenic spot near Ulanqab
Huanghuagou, a grassland scenic spot near Ulanqab
Ulanqab (red) in Inner Mongolia (orange)
Ulanqab (red) in Inner Mongolia (orange)
Ulanqab is located in Inner Mongolia
Location of the city centre in Inner Mongolia
Country People's Republic of China
Region Inner Mongolia
Municipal seat Jining District
 • Total 54,491 km2 (21,039 sq mi)
Elevation 1,378 m (4,521 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Total 2,143,590
 • Density 39/km2 (100/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 012000
Area code(s) (0)474
Licence Plate Prefix J
Website .cn.govwulanchabu
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese 乌兰察布
Traditional Chinese 烏蘭察布

Ulanqab or Wūlánchábù (Mongolian: ᠤᠯᠠᠭᠠᠨᠴᠠᠪ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ Ulaɣančab qota; Chinese: 乌兰察布) is a region administered as a prefecture-level city in south-central Inner Mongolia, People's Republic of China. Its administrative centre is in Jining District, which was formerly a county-level city. It was established as a prefecture-level city on 1 December 2003, formed from the former Ulanqab League.

Ulaan Chab city has an area of 54,491 square kilometres (21,039 sq mi). It borders Hohhot to the west, Mongolia to the north, Xilin Gol League to the northeast, Hebei to the east and Shanxi to the south. At the end of 2004, Ulanqab had 2.7 million inhabitants.

The western part of Ulaan Chab used to be part of the now defunct Chinese province of Suiyuan.


  • Administrative subdivisions 1
  • Geography and climate 2
  • Demographics 3
  • Transport 4
  • Known people from Ulanqab 5
  • External links 6

Administrative subdivisions

Ulaan Chab has eleven administrative divisions: one district, one county-level city, five counties and four banners:

# Name Mongolian Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population
(2010 est.)
Area (km²) Density (/km²)
1 Jining District ᠵᠢᠨᠢᠩ ᠲᠣᠭᠣᠷᠢᠭ}}
zh-hans|集宁区}} Jíníng Qū 300,000 114 2,281
2 Fengzhen City ᠹᠧᠩᠵᠧᠨ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ}}
zh-hans|丰镇市}} Fēngzhèn Shì 340,000 2,703 115
3 Zhuozi County ᠵᠦᠸᠧᠽᠢ ᠰᠢᠶᠠᠨ}}
zh-hans|卓资县}} Zhuózī Xiàn 230,000 3,119 74
4 Huade County ᠬᠤᠸᠠᠳᠧ ᠰᠢᠶᠠᠨ}}
zh-hans|化德县}} Huàdé Xiàn 180,000 2,527 63
5 Shangdu County ᠬᠤᠸᠠᠳᠧ ᠰᠢᠶᠠᠨ}}
zh-hans|商都县}} Shāngdū Xiàn 350,000 4,304 77
6 Xinghe County ᠰᠢᠩᠾᠧ ᠰᠢᠶᠠᠨ}}
zh-hans|兴和县}} Xīnghé Xiàn 330,000 3,520 85
7 Liangcheng County ᠯᠢᠶᠠᠩᠴᠠᠩ ᠰᠢᠶᠠᠨ}}
zh-hans|凉城县}} Liángchéng Xiàn 250,000 3,451 67
8 Chahar Right Front Banner ᠴᠠᠬᠠᠷ ᠪᠠᠷᠠᠭᠤᠨ ᠭᠠᠷᠤᠨ ᠡᠮᠦᠨᠡᠳᠦ ᠬᠣᠰᠢᠭᠤ}}
zh-hans|察哈尔右翼前旗}} Cháhā'ěr Yòuyì Qián Qí 250,000 2,734 95
9 Chahar Right Middle Banner ᠴᠠᠬᠠᠷ ᠪᠠᠷᠠᠭᠤᠨ ᠭᠠᠷᠤᠨ ᠳᠤᠮᠳᠠᠳᠤ ᠬᠣᠰᠢᠭᠤ}}
zh-hans|察哈尔右翼中旗}} Cháhā'ěr Yòuyì Zhōng Qí 220,000 4,200 50
10 Chahar Right Back Banner ᠴᠠᠬᠠᠷ ᠪᠠᠷᠠᠭᠤᠨ ᠭᠠᠷᠤᠨ ᠬᠣᠶᠢᠲᠤ ᠬᠣᠰᠢᠭᠤ}}
zh-hans|察哈尔右翼后旗}} Cháhā'ěr Yòuyì Hòu Qí 220,000 3,803 55
11 Siziwang Banner ᠳᠥᠷᠪᠡᠳ ᠬᠣᠰᠢᠭᠤ}}
zh-hans|四子王旗}} Sìzǐwáng Qí 220,000 24,016 8

Geography and climate

Ulanqab features a cold semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk), marked by long, cold and very dry winters, warm, somewhat humid summers, and strong winds, especially in spring. More than half of the annual precipitation of around falls in July and August alone.


In the 2000 census, there were 2,284,414 inhabitants:
Ethnic group no. of inhabitants share
Han 2,203,345 96.45%
Mongols 60,064 2.63%
Manchu 11,792 0.52%
Hui 7,683 0.34%
Koreans 198 0.01%
Tujia 185 0.01%
Miao 175 0.01%
Other 972 0.04%


Ulanqab's transportation network is well-developed, connected by several railways and highways. Some of the railways the pass through the prefecture are the Beijing−Baotou, Jining−Erlianhot, and the Jining−Tongliao Railways. Major inter-provincial roads include the G6 Beijing–Lhasa Expressway (), China National Highway 110 (Beijing to Yinchuan, Ningxia) and 208 (Erlianhot, Inner Mongolia to Changzhi, Shanxi).

Known people from Ulanqab

External links

  • Official website

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