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United Kingdom general election, 1906

United Kingdom general election, 1906

12 January – 8 February 1906

All 670 seats in the House of Commons
336 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party
 
Leader Henry Campbell-Bannerman Arthur Balfour
Party Liberal Conservative and Liberal Unionist
Leader since December 1898 11 June 1902
Leader's seat Stirling Burghs Manchester East
(defeated)
Last election 183 seats, 44.7% 402 seats, 50.3%
Seats won 397 156
Seat change Increase 216 Decrease 246
Popular vote 2,751,057 2,422,071
Percentage 48.9% 43.4%
Swing Increase 3.9% Decrease 6.9%

  Third party Fourth party
 
Leader John Redmond Keir Hardie
Party Irish Parliamentary Labour
Leader since 6 February 1900 28 February 1900
Leader's seat Waterford City Merthyr Tydfil
Last election 77 seats, 1.6% 2 seats, 1.8%
Seats won 82 29
Seat change Increase 5 Increase 27
Popular vote 35,031 321,663
Percentage 0.6% 4.8%
Swing Decrease 1.2% Increase 3.6%

PM before election

Henry Campbell-Bannerman
Liberal

Subsequent PM

Henry Campbell-Bannerman
Liberal

The United Kingdom general election of 1906 was held from 12 January to 8 February 1906.

The Liberals, led by sitting minority Prime Minister Henry Campbell-Bannerman, won a large majority in the election. The Conservatives under Arthur Balfour lost more than half their seats, including Balfour's own seat in Manchester East. The Labour Representation Committee was far more successful than in 1900 and after the election would be reformed as the "Labour Party" with 29 MPs and Keir Hardie as leader. The Irish Parliamentary Party, led by John Redmond, achieved its seats with a relatively low number of votes, as 73 candidates stood unopposed.

This election was a landslide defeat for the Conservative Party and their Liberal Unionist allies, with the primary reason given by historians as the party's weakness after its split over the issue of free trade (Joseph Chamberlain had resigned from government in September 1903 in order to campaign for Tariff Reform, which would allow 'preferential tariffs'). Many working-class people saw this as a threat to the price of food, hence the debate was nicknamed 'Big Loaf, Little Loaf'. The Liberals' landslide victory of 125 seats over all other parties led to the passing of social legislation known as the Liberal reforms.

This was the last election in which the Liberals won an absolute majority in the House of Commons. It was also the last election held more than five years after the previous one prior to passage of the Parliament Act 1911, which limited the duration of Parliaments in peacetime to five years.

1895 election MPs
1900 election MPs
1906 election MPs
Jan 1910 election MPs
Dec 1910 election MPs

Contents

  • Results 1
    • Voting summary 1.1
    • Seats summary 1.2
  • See also 2
  • External links 3
  • References 4

Results

397 156 82 29 6
Liberal Conservative IP Labour O
United Kingdom General Election, 1906
Candidates Votes
Party Standing Elected Gained Unseated Net % of total % No. Net %
  Liberal 528 397 + 214 59.3 48.9 2,565,644 +3.9
  Conservative and Liberal Unionist 557 156 (131 + 25) − 246 23.3 43.4 2,278,076 -6.8
  Labour 50 29 28 1 + 27 4.3 4.8 254,202 +3.6
  Irish Parliamentary 84 82 6 1 + 5 12.2 0.6 33,231 -1.2
  Independent Conservative 9 2 2 0 + 2 0.3 0.5 26,183
  Independent Labour 7 1 1 0 + 1 0.2 0.4 18,886
  Social Democratic Federation 8 0 0 0 0 0.4 18,446
  Independent Conservative 9 1 1 0 + 1 0.2 0.3 15,972
  Scottish Workers 5 0 0 0 0 0.3 14,877 +0.2
  Free Trader 5 0 0 0 0 0.2 8,974
  Independent Liberal-Labour 1 1 1 0 + 1 0.2 0.1 4,841
  Independent 3 0 0 0 0 0.1 3,806
  Independent Nationalist 3 1 0 0 0 0.2 0.0 1,800
  Independent Liberal 3 0 0 1 − 1 0.0 1,581
  Ind. Liberal Unionist 1 0 0 0 0 0.0 153
England & Wales Seat winners

Voting summary

Popular vote
Liberal
  
48.9%
Conservative and Liberal Unionist
  
43.42%
Labour
  
4.85%
Irish Parliamentary
  
0.63%
Independent
  
1.4%
Others
  
0.81%

Seats summary

Parliamentary seats
Liberal
  
59.25%
Conservative and Liberal Unionist
  
23.28%
Labour
  
4.18%
Irish Parliamentary
  
12.24%
Independent
  
0.9%

See also

External links

  • 1906 Conservative manifesto
  • 1906 Labour manifesto
  • 1906 Liberal manifesto

References

  • F. W. S. Craig, British Electoral Facts: 1832-1987
  • Spartacus: Political Parties and Election Results
  • United Kingdom election results - summary results 1885-1979
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