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United States Food Administration

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United States Food Administration

Sugar means Ships...Every Spoonful -Every Sip- Means less for a Fighter.", ca. 1918

During the United States participation in World War I the U. S. Food Administration was the responsible agency for the administration of the allies' food reserves. One of its important tasks was the stabilization of the price of wheat on the U. S. market. It was established by Executive Order 2679-A of August 10, 1917 pursuant to the Food and Fuel Control Act.

Under the direction of armistice in Europe. President Woodrow Wilson promoted its transition in a new agency for the support of the reconstruction of Europe. It became the American Relief Administration, approved by an Act (Public, No. 274, 65th Congress) on February 25, 1919.

The Food Administration Grain Corporation became the United States Grain Corporation pursuant to Executive Order 3087 of May 14, 1919.

During the time of the administration, the United States was short of nearly everything during their time of need. All citizens were asked to donate any weapons, horses, and ammunition they possessed to help supply the army, with a small hope of the items being returned. The rationing was done during this time of National need so that food for soldiers, and citizens, wouldn't be an issue. Concepts such as "meatless Mondays" and "wheatless Wednessdays" were also implemented to help ration food, so that the government had one less thing to worry about, essentially.

Additional reading

  • Frank M. Surface / Raymond L. Bland: American Food in the World War and Reconstruction Period. Operations of the Organizations Under the Direction of Herbert Hoover 1914 to 1924, Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1931

External links

  • , The New York Times, June 17, 1917, p. 1Wilson orders Hoover to start
  • , The New York Times, January 5, 1919, p. 80How wheat was saved to feed allied folkWatson S. Moore,
  • Sow the Seeds of Victory! Posters from the Food Administration During World War I
  • Wisconsin Historical Society


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