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United States Senate election in New York, 1831


United States Senate election in New York, 1831

The 1831 United States Senate election in New York was held on February 1, 1831, by the New York State Legislature to elect a U.S. Senator (Class 3) to represent the State of New York in the United States Senate.


Nathan Sanford had been elected in 1826 to this seat, and his term would expire on March 3, 1831.

At the State election in November 1830, the Jacksonian Democrats managed to defeat the combined John C. Spencer.


The Jacksonian Democratic State legislators held a caucus before the election, and nominated New York Supreme Court Justice William L. Marcy. The vote was 77 for Marcy, 15 for Erastus Root, 6 for the incumbent Nathan Sanford and 6 scattering votes.


William L. Marcy was the choice of both the Assembly and the Senate, and was declared elected.

1831 United States Senator election result
Office House Jacksonian Democrat Anti-Mason National Republican
U.S. Senator State Senate (32 members) William L. Marcy 20 Samuel Works 5
State Assembly (128 members) William L. Marcy 86 Samuel Works 27 Nathan Sanford 1


Marcy resigned his seat on January 1, 1833, upon taking office as Governor of New York. The State Legislature held a special election to fill the vacancy in January 1833, and elected Silas Wright, Jr.


  • The New York Civil List compiled in 1858 (see: pg. 63 for U.S. Senators; pg. 128f for State Senators 1831; pg. 210f for Members of Assembly 1831)
  • Members of the 22nd United States Congress
  • History of Political Parties in the State of New-York, Vol. II by Jabez Delano Hammond (State election, 1830: pg. 336ff; Speaker election, 1831: pg. 343; U.S. Senate election, 1831: pg. 346f)
  • Niles' Register (February 12, 1831; page 427)
  • Journal of the Assembly, 54th Session (pg. 178f)
  • Journal of the State Senate, 54th Session (pg. 90)
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