United States Senate special election in New York, November 1800

The second 1800 United States Senate special election in New York was held on November 6, 1800, by the New York State Legislature to elect a U.S. Senator (Class 3) to represent the State of New York in the United States Senate.


Federalist Rufus King had been re-elected in 1795 to a second term in the U.S. Senate (1795–1801). On May 23, 1796, he resigned after having been appointed U.S. Minister to Great Britain. Federalist John Laurance was elected in November 1796 to fill the vacancy, took his seat on December 8, 1796, but resigned in August 1800.

At the State election in April 1800, a Democratic-Republican majority of 28 was elected to the Assembly, but the Senate had a majority of 7 Federalists. The 24th New York State Legislature met from November 4 to 7, 1800; and from January 27 to April 8, 1801, at Albany, New York.


Ex-Secretary of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania (1783–1788) John Armstrong, a brother-in-law of Chancellor Robert R. Livingston, was the candidate of the Democratic-Republican Party. Armstrong had been a Federalist until about 1798, and appeared here as a compromise candidate, the two houses of the Legislature having different majorities.


Armstrong was the choice of both the State Senate and the State Assembly, and was declared elected.

November 1800 United States Senator special election result
Office House Democratic-Republican Democratic-Republican
U.S. Senator State Senate (43 members) John Armstrong unan.
State Assembly (107 members) John Armstrong 99 Peter Gansevoort 2

Obs.: Armstrong was elected unanimously in the Senate, but the exact number of votes given is unclear.


Armstrong took his seat on January 8, 1801, and was re-elected to a full term (1801–07) three weeks later.


  • The New York Civil List compiled in 1858 (see: pg. 62f for U.S. Senators; pg. 117f for State Senators 1800-01; page 174 for Members of Assembly 1800-01) [gives name as "Lawrence"]
  • Members of the Fourth United States Congress
  • Members of the Sixth United States Congress
  • History of Political Parties in the State of New-York by Jabez Delano Hammond (pages 153f) [gives name as "Lawrence"]
  • Election result at Tufts University Library project "A New Nation Votes"
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.