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Valley County, Montana

Valley County, Montana
Valley County Courthouse in Glasgow
Map of Montana highlighting Valley County
Location in the state of Montana
Map of the United States highlighting Montana
Montana's location in the U.S.
Founded 1893
Seat Glasgow
Largest city Glasgow
 • Total 5,062 sq mi (13,111 km2)
 • Land 4,926 sq mi (12,758 km2)
 • Water 136 sq mi (352 km2), 2.7%
 • (2010) 7,369
 • Density 1.5/sq mi (1/km²)
Congressional district At-large
Time zone Mountain: UTC-7/-6
Website .netvalleycountymt

Valley County is a county located in the U.S. state of Montana. As of the 2010 census, the population was 7,369.[1] Its county seat is Glasgow.[2] It is across the Canadian border with Saskatchewan.


  • Geography 1
    • Major highways 1.1
    • Adjacent counties and rural municipalities 1.2
    • National protected area 1.3
  • Economy 2
  • Demographics 3
  • Politics 4
  • Communities 5
    • City 5.1
    • Towns 5.2
    • Census-designated places 5.3
    • Unincorporated communities 5.4
    • Ghost towns 5.5
    • Census Maps 5.6
  • See also 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 5,062 square miles (13,110 km2), of which 4,926 square miles (12,760 km2) is land and 136 square miles (350 km2) (2.7%) is water.[3] It is the fourth-largest county in Montana by total area.

Major highways

Adjacent counties and rural municipalities

National protected area


The major economy of Valley is agriculture, including small grains, cattle, pulse crops, and hay. The now abandoned air force base north of Glasgow, known as St. Marie, was a strong influence in the local economy before its closure.


As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 7,675 people, 3,150 households, and 2,129 families residing in the county. The population density was 2 people per square mile (1/km²). There were 4,847 housing units at an average density of 1 per square mile (0/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 88.14% White, 0.13% Black or African American, 9.42% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.26% from other races, and 1.79% from two or more races. 0.78% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 28.2% were of German, 24.0% Norwegian, 6.4% American, 6.0% English and 5.5% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 3,150 households out of which 29.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.50% were married couples living together, 8.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.40% were non-families. 29.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.10% under the age of 18, 6.00% from 18 to 24, 24.30% from 25 to 44, 25.60% from 45 to 64, and 19.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 98.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,979, and the median income for a family was $39,044. Males had a median income of $27,233 versus $17,686 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,246. About 9.50% of families and 13.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.40% of those under age 18 and 14.40% of those age 65 or over.


In 2004 Valley County voted 62% for Bush/Cheney (GOP) and 36% for Kerry/Edwards (DEM) for president. In 2008 Valley County voted 56% for McCain/Palin (GOP) and 43% for Obama/Biden (DEM) for president.[10]




Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Ghost towns

Census Maps

Valley County Census Districts 1940
Valley County Census Districts, colored, 2010 U.S. Census

See also


  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 16, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved November 30, 2014. 
  4. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 30, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 30, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 30, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 30, 2014. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder".  
  10. ^

External links

  • Official site

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