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Voiced alveolo-palatal affricate

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Title: Voiced alveolo-palatal affricate  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: List of consonants, Polish language, Affricate consonant, Valencian, Obsolete and nonstandard symbols in the International Phonetic Alphabet
Collection: Affricates, Alveolo-Palatal Consonants, Sibilant Consonants
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Voiced alveolo-palatal affricate

Voiced alveolo-palatal affricate
IPA number 216
Entity (decimal) ʥ
Unicode (hex) U+02A5

The voiced alveolo-palatal sibilant affricate is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The sound is transcribed in the International Phonetic Alphabet with d͡ʑ (formerly ʥ).

Although the voiced alveolo-palatal non-sibilant affricate has not been reported to occur in any language, it can be represented in the IPA as ɟ͇͡ʝ͇, ɟ̟͡ʝ̟ or simply ɟ͡ʝ˖.


  • Features 1
  • Occurrence 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • Bibliography 5


Features of the voiced alveolo-palatal affricate:


Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Catalan[1] All dialects metge [ˈmedd͡ʑə] 'doctor' See Catalan phonology
Valencian joc [ˈd͡ʑɔk] 'game'
Chinese Taiwanese Hokkien /ji̍t [d͡ʑit̚˧ʔ] 'sun'
Wu [d͡ʑy] 'He/She/It'
Japanese 知人/chijin [t͡ɕid͡ʑĩɴ] 'acquaintance' See Japanese phonology
Korean 감자/gamja [kɐmd͡ʑɐ] 'potato' See Korean phonology
Polish[2] więk     'sound' See Polish phonology
Portuguese[3] Brazilian tadjique [tɐˈdʑikʲi̥] 'Tajik' Allophone of /d/ before /i, ĩ/ (including when [i, ĩ, j] is not actually produced) and other instances of [i] (e.g. epenthesis), marginal sound otherwise. Argued both to be laminal [dʒ],[4] and generally produced "in the middle of the hard palate",[3] same of fellow alveolo-palatal [l̠ʲ] and [n̠ʲ],[5] and further palatalized than Italian post-alveolars.[6] See Portuguese phonology
Mato-grossense jeitos [ˈdʑejtʊ̥̆s] 'manners', 'ways'
Most Brazilian dialects windsurf [ˈwĩdʑi ˈsɐχfɪ̥] 'windsurf'
Carioca DJs [dziˈdʑejɕ] 'DJs'
Some speakers faz-de-conta [ˈfadʑ ʑi ˈkõ̞tə] 'make-believe'
Romanian Banat dialect[7] des [d͡ʑes] 'frequent' Corresponds to [d] in standard Romanian. See Romanian phonology
Russian дочь бы [ˈd̪o̞d͡ʑ bɨ] 'daughter would' Allophone of /t͡ɕ/ before voiced consonants. See Russian phonology
Serbo-Croatian ђаво / đavo [d͡ʑâ̠ʋo̞ː] 'devil' Merges with /d͡ʒ/ in most Croatian and some Bosnian accents. See Serbo-Croatian phonology
Yi /jji [d͡ʑi˧] 'bee'

See also


  1. ^ Wheeler (2005:12)
  2. ^ Jassem (2003:105)
  3. ^ a b seqüências de (sibilante + africada alveopalatal) no português falado em Belo Horizonte Page 18 (Portuguese)
  4. ^ Análise acústica de sequências de fricativas seguidas de [i produzidas por japoneses aprendizes de português brasileiro] (Portuguese)
  5. ^ Considerações sobre o status das palato-alveolares em português (Portuguese)
  6. ^ Dialects of Brazil: the palatalization of the phonemes /t/ and /d/ Page 27 (Portuguese)
  7. ^ Pop (1938), p. 29.
  8. ^ Sjoberg (1963:12)


  • Jassem, Wiktor (2003), "Polish", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 33 (1): 103–107,  
  • Pop, Sever (1938), Micul Atlas Linguistic Român, Muzeul Limbii Române Cluj 
  • Sjoberg, Andrée F. (1963), Uzbek Structural Grammar 
  • Wheeler, Max W (2005), The Phonology Of Catalan, Oxford: Oxford University Press,  
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