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Voiceless dental non-sibilant affricate

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Title: Voiceless dental non-sibilant affricate  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Affricate consonant, Hän language, Dental fricative, Dental stop, Alveolar stop
Collection: Affricates, Dental Consonants
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Voiceless dental non-sibilant affricate

The voiceless dental non-sibilant affricate is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbols in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represent this sound are t͡θ, t͜θ, t̪͡θ and t̟͡θ.


  • Features 1
  • Occurrence 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • Bibliography 5


Features of the voiceless dental non-sibilant affricate:

  • It is an oral consonant, which means air is allowed to escape through the mouth only.
  • It is a central consonant, which means it is produced by directing the airstream along the center of the tongue, rather than to the sides.
  • The airstream mechanism is pulmonic, which means it is articulated by pushing air solely with the lungs and diaphragm, as in most sounds.


This phoneme is very rare, and is perhaps best known as the final sound in the English words eighth, which is pronounced eight + th and also in width, which contrasts with both pronunciations of with.
Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
English Dublin[1] think [t̟͡θɪŋk] 'think' Corresponds to [θ] in other dialects; may be [] instead[1]
New York[2] Corresponds to [θ] in other dialects, may also be pronounced [t] and [θ]

See also


  1. ^ a b Collins & Mees (2003:302)
  2. ^ Labov (1966:36-37)


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