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Walter Monckton, 1st Viscount Monckton of Brenchley

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Title: Walter Monckton, 1st Viscount Monckton of Brenchley  
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Subject: David Maxwell Fyfe, 1st Earl of Kilmuir, Selwyn Lloyd, Rab Butler, Edward VIII abdication crisis, Gilbert Monckton, 2nd Viscount Monckton of Brenchley
Collection: 1891 Births, 1965 Deaths, Alumni of Balliol College, Oxford, Attorneys-General of the Duchy of Cornwall, British Secretaries of State, British Universities Cricketers, Conservative Party (Uk) Mps, English Cricket Administrators, English Cricketers, Knights Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George, Knights Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order, Members of the Parliament of the United Kingdom for English Constituencies, Members of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom, People Educated at Harrow School, People of the Iraq Petroleum Company, Presidents of Surrey Ccc, Presidents of the Marylebone Cricket Club, Presidents of the Oxford Union, Solicitors General for England and Wales, Uk Mps 1951–55, Uk Mps 1955–59, Viscounts in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
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Walter Monckton, 1st Viscount Monckton of Brenchley

The Right Honourable
The Viscount Monckton of Brenchley
KCMG MC PC
Minister of Defence
In office
20 December 1955 – 18 October 1956
Prime Minister Anthony Eden
Preceded by Selwyn Lloyd
Succeeded by Anthony Head
Personal details
Born Walter Turner Monckton

Walter Turner Monckton, 1st Viscount Monckton of Brenchley KCMG MC PC (17 January 1891 – 9 January 1965) was a British politician.

Contents

  • Early years 1
  • Career 2
  • Personal life 3
  • References 4
  • Sources 5
  • External links 6

Early years

Monckton was born in the small village of Plaxtol in northern Kent. He was the eldest child of paper manufacturer Frank William Monckton (1861–1924), and his wife, Dora Constance (d. 1915).[1] He was head boy of his preparatory school, The Knoll, at Woburn Sands in Buckinghamshire, and attended Harrow School from 1904 to 1910.[1] He chose to enter Balliol College, Oxford as a commoner (despite winning in 1910 an Exhibition to Hertford College, Oxford) and obtained a third in classical moderations (1912) and a second in history (1914). He was elected president of the Oxford Union in 1913.[1] He played cricket for Harrow against Eton in the famous Fowler's match in 1910. Whilst at Oxford, he played a first-class cricket match for the Combined Universities in 1911.

Career

A lawyer, Monckton served as advisor to Edward VIII during the abdication crisis, having been Attorney General to the Duchy of Cornwall since 1932. He was Recorder of Hythe from 1930-37.

He worked in propaganda and information during World War II and became Solicitor General in Winston Churchill's 1945 caretaker government, although he refused to join the Conservative Party. He finally joined after the war and became a Member of Parliament for Bristol West at a 1951 by-election. Churchill soon appointed him to the cabinet as Minister of Labour and National Service, in which post he served from 1951 to 1955. He was Anthony Eden's Minister of Defence 1955–56, but was the only cabinet minister to oppose his Suez policy, and was moved to Paymaster-General 1956–57.

Monckton was made Viscount Monckton of Brenchley in 1957. He had wanted to become Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales and indeed had been promised the job by Churchill and the subsequent two prime ministers, but in 1957 he decided instead to join the board of Midland Bank.[2]

In 1960 he headed the Monckton Commission that concluded that the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland could not be maintained except by force or through massive changes in racial legislation. It advocated a majority of African members in the Nyasaland and Northern Rhodesian legislatures and giving these territories the option to leave the Federation after five years.[3][4]

Personal life

He married Polly Colyer-Fergusson, daughter of Sir Thomas Colyer-Fergusson,the family who owned Ightham Mote, Sevenoaks. In 1947, he married, secondly, to Bridget, the former Countess of Carlisle (CBE), the wartime head of the ATS counterpart in India, the Women's Army Corps (India), and also of the Women's Royal Indian Naval Service (WRINS). The Viscountess was already a peer in her right, as the 11th Lady Ruthven of Freeland. Her title passed to her son by her previous marriage, the Earl of Carlisle, and not to her stepson, Viscount Monckton.

Lord Monckton of Brenchley was chairman of Midland Bank (1957–64), President of the Marylebone Cricket Club (1956–1957), President of Surrey County Cricket Club (1950–52 and 1959–65), Chairman of the Iraq Petroleum Company (1958), Chairman of the Advisory Commission on Central Africa (1960), and Chancellor of the University of Sussex (1961–65).

He was succeeded by his son Gilbert on his death in 1965 at the age of 73.

References

  1. ^ a b c ODNB.
  2. ^ Devlin, Patrick, Easing the Passing, 1985. P 93
  3. ^ R Blake, (1977). A History of Rhodesia, Knopf P.331. ISBN 0-394-48068-6.
  4. ^ P Murray, (2005). British Documents on the End of Empire: Central Africa, Part I, Volume 9, pp.lxxiv-v, lxxx. ISBN 978-0-11290-586-8
  • Pugh, Martin. "Monckton, Walter Turner". . ODNB; cited as (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)  

Sources

External links

  • Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by the Viscount Monckton of Brenchley
  • Monckton at the National Portrait Gallery
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Oliver Stanley
Member of Parliament for Bristol West
19511957
Succeeded by
Robert Cooke
Legal offices
Preceded by
David Maxwell Fyfe
Solicitor General for England and Wales
May 1945–July 1945
Succeeded by
Frank Soskice
Political offices
Preceded by
Alfred Robens
Minister of Labour and National Service
1951–1955
Succeeded by
Iain Macleod
Preceded by
Selwyn Lloyd
Minister of Defence
1955–1956
Succeeded by
Antony Head
Vacant
Title last held by
The Earl of Selkirk
Paymaster-General
1956–1957
Succeeded by
Reginald Maudling
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Viscount Monckton of Brenchley
1957–1965
Succeeded by
Gilbert Monckton
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