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Washington's 1st congressional district

Washington's 1st congressional district
Current Representative Suzan DelBene (DMedina)
Population (2000) 654,904
Median income $58,565
Ethnicity 83.8% White, 1.8% Black, 7.9% Asian, 4.3% Hispanic, 0.9% Native American, 0.6% other
Cook PVI D+3[1]

Washington's 1st congressional district encompasses the majority of Whatcom, Skagit, and Snohomish counties, as well as nearly one-third of King County. The eastern edge of the district follows county lines from the Canadian border down to the I-90 corridor. Then it follows I-90 west to West Lake Sammamish, and from there north to I-5. The western border follows the I-5 corridor north to Bellingham, then along the coast to Canada.

The 2012 redistricting drastically changed the 1st district. Much of this area was previously part of the 2nd district, but in the new map the 2nd has shrunk significantly. Jay Inslee (D) was the representative of the 1st District until resigning to run for Governor of the state, but most of the district has been represented by Rick Larsen (D), of the 2nd District, in the past.

Soon after the 2012 general election polls closed, the Democrat Suzan DelBene, defeating Republican John Koster with a margin that the Seattle Times called "unexpectedly decisive",[2] reflecting the difficulty of predicting the vote in the new district. The certified results confirmed her significant margin.[3] DelBene also won the election for the remainder of Inslee's term in the old First District, and after being sworn in on November 13, 2012, is serving in the 112th Congress.

In presidential elections, the 1st District has leaned Democratic. Under the old boundaries, Al Gore and John Kerry narrowly carried the district in 2000 and 2004 with 48% and 51% of the vote, respectively. In 2008, Barack Obama swept the district with 55.60% of the vote while John McCain received 42%.

The district from 2003 to 2013

Contents

  • Pre-2012 redistricting History 1
  • Recent election results from presidential races 2
  • List of representatives 3
  • Recent election results 4
    • 2010 4.1
    • 2012 short term (2010 boundaries) 4.2
    • 2012 4.3
    • 2014 4.4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

Pre-2012 redistricting History

Prior to the 2012 redistricting, the district encompassed part of Northwest Seattle and largely suburban areas north and east of Seattle including Shoreline, Edmonds, Lynnwood, Mountlake Terrace, Kenmore, Bothell, Kirkland and Redmond as well as Bainbridge Island and part of the Kitsap Peninsula. Until March 20, 2012, it was represented by Democrat Jay Inslee from Bainbridge Island. Inslee resigned to focus on his run for Governor of the state;[4] the seat remained vacant until the special election that coincided with the November 2012 general election.[5][6]

The former House seat of powerful U.S. Senator Warren G. Magnuson, the district was a swing district throughout much of the 1990s, changing hands and parties three times in four elections. Before the election of future U.S. Senator Maria Cantwell in 1992, the district had been in Republican hands for 40 years (and 42 of the previous 46 years). Since the 1998 election, when Inslee was first elected, the growing Democratic trend in the Seattle area enabled him to turn it into a fairly safe seat. He had been reelected six times with little difficulty, most recently in 2010.

Recent election results from presidential races

Year Results
1964 Johnson 59 - 41%
1968 Nixon 50 - 45%
1972 Nixon 58 - 42%
1976 Ford 53 - 44%
1980 Reagan 43 - 39%
1984 Reagan 57 - 42%
1988 Dukakis 50 - 49%
1992 Clinton 42 - 32%
1996 Clinton 51 - 37%
2000 Gore 54 - 42%
2004 Kerry 56 - 42%
2008 Obama 62 - 36%
2012 Obama 54 - 43%

List of representatives

Beginning in 1909, members were elected from districted seats, instead of at-large statewide. (See Washington's At-large congressional district.)

Years Representative Party Electoral history
March 4, 1909 District created
March 4, 1909 –
March 3, 1917
William E. Humphrey Republican Redistricted from the At-large seat
March 4, 1917 –
March 3, 1931
John F. Miller Republican
March 4, 1931 –
March 3, 1933
Ralph A. Horr Republican
March 4, 1933 –
August 7, 1936
Marion Zioncheck Democratic Died
August 7, 1936 –
January 3, 1937
Vacant
January 3, 1937 –
December 13, 1944
Warren G. Magnuson Democratic Resigned after being appointed to the U.S. Senate
December 13, 1944 –
January 3, 1945
Vacant
January 3, 1945 –
January 3, 1947
Emerson H. DeLacy Democratic
January 3, 1947 –
January 3, 1949
Homer R. Jones Republican
January 3, 1949 –
January 3, 1953
Hugh B. Mitchell Democratic First elected in 1948
Re-elected in 1950
Retired, ran in and lost the Washington gubernatorial election, 1952
January 3, 1953 –
January 3, 1973
Thomas M. Pelly Republican First elected in 1952
Re-elected in 1954
Re-elected in 1956
Re-elected in 1958
Re-elected in 1960
Re-elected in 1962
Re-elected in 1964
Re-elected in 1966
Re-elected in 1968
Re-elected in 1970
Retired
January 3, 1973 –
January 3, 1985
Joel M. Pritchard Republican First elected in 1972
Re-elected in 1974
Re-elected in 1976
Re-elected in 1978
Re-elected in 1980
Re-elected in 1982
Retired
January 3, 1985 –
January 3, 1993
John R. Miller Republican First elected in 1984
Re-elected in 1986
Re-elected in 1988
Re-elected in 1990
Re-elected in 1992
Retired
January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 1995
Maria E. Cantwell Democratic First elected in 1992
Lost re-election
January 3, 1995 –
January 3, 1999
Rick White Republican First elected in 1994
Re-elected in 1996
Lost re-election
January 3, 1999 –
March 20, 2012
Jay Inslee Democratic First elected in 1998
Re-elected in 2000
Re-elected in 2002
Re-elected in 2004
Re-elected in 2006
Re-elected in 2008
Re-elected in 2010
Resigned to run for Governor
March 20, 2012 –
November 6, 2012
Vacant
November 6, 2012 –
present
Suzan DelBene Democratic Elected to finish Inslee's term and for the next term

Recent election results

2010

United States House of Representatives elections in Washington, 2010
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Jay Inslee (incumbent) 172,642 57.67
Republican James Watkins 126,737 42.33
Total votes 299,379 100.0
Voter turnout %
Democratic hold

2012 short term (2010 boundaries)

United States House of Representatives elections in Washington, 2012 One Month Short Term
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Suzan DelBene 216,144 60.42
Republican John Koster 141,591 39.58
Total votes 357,735 100.0
Voter turnout %
Democratic hold

2012

United States House of Representatives elections in Washington, 2012
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Suzan DelBene (incumbent)[7] 177,025 53.94
Republican John Koster 151,187 46.06
Total votes 328,212 100.0
Voter turnout %
Democratic hold

2014

Washington's 1st Congressional District - November 4, 2014 [8]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Suzan DelBene (Incumbent) 124,151 55.04
Republican Pedro Celis 101,428 44.96
Total votes 225,579 100
Democratic hold

See also

References

  1. ^ "Partisan Voting Index Districts of the 113th Congress: 2004 & 2008" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. 2012. Retrieved 2013-01-10. 
  2. ^ DelBene beats Koster in race for U.S. House, Seattle Times
  3. ^ "Federal - All Results".  
  4. ^ Congressman Inslee to step down and focus on run for governor, Reuters
  5. ^ Cornfield, Jerry (March 29, 2012). "Gregoire: Election in works to replace Inslee". HeraldNet. The Daily Herald. Retrieved March 31, 2012. 
  6. ^ RCW 29A.28.041 Congress — Special election, Revised Code of Washington
  7. ^ DelBene was incumbent by virtue of winning the simultaneous One Month Short Term election
  8. ^ "November 4, 2014 General Election Results". Washington Secretary of State. November 4, 2014. Retrieved January 8, 2015. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present

External links

  • Washington State Redistricting Commission
  • Find your new congressional district: a searchable map, Seattle Times, January 13, 2012

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