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Washington County, Maryland

Washington County, Maryland
Burnside's Bridge in Washington County, site of heavy combat during the Battle of Antietam
Seal of Washington County, Maryland
Seal
Map of Maryland highlighting Washington County
Location in the state of Maryland
Map of the United States highlighting Maryland
Maryland's location in the U.S.
Founded 1776
Named for George Washington
Seat Hagerstown
Largest city Hagerstown
Area
 • Total 467 sq mi (1,210 km2)
 • Land 458 sq mi (1,186 km2)
 • Water 9.6 sq mi (25 km2), 2.0%
Population
 • (2010) 147,430
 • Density 322/sq mi (124/km²)
Congressional district 6th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website .net.washco-mdwww

Washington County is a George Washington.

The county borders southern Pennsylvania to the north, Northern Virginia to the south, and the Eastern Panhandle of West Virginia to the south and west.

Washington County is included in the Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Washington-Baltimore-Arlington, DC-MD-VA-WV-PA Combined Statistical Area. Washington County has experienced a population boom, and is one of the fastest growing counties in the country, due to an influx of people from Washington and Baltimore.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
    • Adjacent counties 2.1
    • Major highways 2.2
  • Law and government 3
    • County government 3.1
    • State representation 3.2
    • Federal representation 3.3
  • Demographics 4
    • 2010 4.1
    • 2000 4.2
  • Parks and recreation 5
    • National parks 5.1
    • State parks 5.2
    • Other recreation 5.3
  • Education 6
    • High schools 6.1
    • Colleges and universities 6.2
  • Communities 7
    • City 7.1
    • Towns 7.2
    • Census-designated places 7.3
    • Unincorporated communities 7.4
  • Notable residents and natives 8
  • See also 9
  • References 10
  • External links 11

History

The western portions of Maryland (including present Washington County) were incorporated into Frederick County. At the same time, Montgomery County was also separated from Frederick County and was named for General Richard Montgomery. Washington County as created included land later to become Allegany County (created in 1789) and Garrett County (included in Allegany County when it was created in 1789, but separated from Allegany County in 1872). Washington County thus originally included the entire western part of the state.[3]

A number of properties in the county are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[4]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 467 square miles (1,210 km2), of which 458 square miles (1,190 km2) is land and 9.6 square miles (25 km2) (2.0%) is water.[5]

Washington County is located in the Appalachian Mountains, stretching from the Ridge-and-Valley Country in the west to South Mountain in the east, which is an extension of the Blue Ridge. Much of the county lies in the broad Hagerstown Valley between these two zones; the valley is part of the Great Appalachian Valley that continues southward into Virginia and West Virginia as the Shenandoah Valley and northward into Pennsylvania as the Cumberland Valley.

The county is bordered to the north by the Mason-Dixon Line with Pennsylvania, to the south by the Potomac River and the states of Virginia and West Virginia, to the west by Sideling Hill Creek and Allegany County, Maryland, and to the east by Frederick County and South Mountain.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

Law and government

County government

Washington County's 'leader' is known as the County Administrator. Currently, Greg Murray serves as the Administrator. However, Washington County's County Commissioners exercise executive powers as they exist in the government of the county.

The County Commissioners in Washington County comprise the traditional form of county government in Maryland. Current members include: Terry Baker, President, John F. Barr, Vice-President and Ruth Anne Callaham, Jeff Cline and William B. McKinley.

State representation

Washington County is represented by two senators in the Maryland State Senate. Member Christopher B. Shank (R), serves the 2nd district in Maryland and Ronald N. Young (D), serves in the 3rd district. The county also is represented in Maryland General Assembly's other primary division, the Maryland House of Delegates. Delegates who stand for Washington County include: LeRoy Myers (R) for District 1C, Andrew A. Serafini (R) for District 2A, Neil Parrot (R) for District 2B, John P. Donoghue (D) for District 2C, and Michael Hough (R) for District 3B.

Federal representation

The county is located within Maryland's 6th congressional district. The representative of the district currently is John Delaney (D).

Demographics

2010

Whereas according to the 2010 U.S. Census Bureau:

2000

As of the census of 2010, there were 147,430 people, 49,726 households, and 34,112 families residing in the county. The population density was 315 people per square mile (111/km²). There were 52,972 housing units at an average density of 116 per square mile (45/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 89.71% White or Caucasian, 7.77% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.80% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.46% from other races, and 1.04% from two or more races. 1.19% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. In the Census 2000, 32.1% identified as being of German ancestry, 21.4% American, 8.8% Irish, and 8.4% English ancestry.

There were 49,726 households out of which 31.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.00% were married couples living together, 10.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.40% were non-families. 26.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the county the population was spread out with 23.40% under the age of 18, 8.10% from 18 to 24, 31.30% from 25 to 44, 23.00% from 45 to 64, and 14.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 104.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $40,617, and the median income for a family was $48,962. Males had a median income of $34,917 versus $24,524 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,062. About 7.00% of families and 9.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.30% of those under age 18 and 9.50% of those age 65 or over.

Parks and recreation

Sideling Hill man-made mountain pass on I-68/U.S. 40 near Hancock

National parks

State parks

Other recreation

  • Crystal Grottoes, the only show caves in Maryland.
  • Sideling Hill man-made mountain pass on Interstate 68/U.S. Route 40 roughly 5 miles (8.0 km) west of Hancock shows off 100 million years+ of rock formation with Information Center and walkways on the premises.
  • Stoney Creek Farm
  • Washington County Rural Heritage Museum

Education

Washington County Public Schools administers public schools in the county. See Washington County Public Schools – School Directory for a detailed listing of elementary, middle, high, and other schools.

High schools

Colleges and universities

  • Antietam Bible College, Biblical Seminary, and Graduate School
  • University System of Maryland at Hagerstown, a branch of the University of Maryland offering various associate's, bachelor's, and master's degree programs in connection with other state colleges and universities in Maryland.

Communities

Boonsboro
Hagerstown
Hancock
Sharpsburg
Williamsport

City

Towns

Census-designated places

The Census Bureau recognizes the following census-designated places in the county:

Unincorporated communities

Notable residents and natives

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 24, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ [1], Washington County, Maryland History and Genealogy, 2006. Retrieved 2008.
  4. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places.  
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved September 14, 2014. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 14, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved September 14, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 14, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 14, 2014. 

External links

  • Washington County government
  • Hagerstown-Washington County Chamber of Commerce
  • Hagerstown-Washington County Convention & Visitor's Bureau
  • Washington County at DMOZ
  • Washington County Free Library
  • WHILBR – Western Maryland's Historical Library
  • Washington County Free Library – Historic Newspaper Indexing Project
  • Washington County Museum of Fine Arts
  • Washington County Economic Development Commission

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