Wealth Tax Act, 1957

The Wealth Tax Act, 1957
An Act to provide for the levy of wealth-tax.
Citation Act No. 27 of 1957
Enacted by Parliament of India
Date commenced 1 April 1957

The Wealth Tax Act, 1957' is an Act of the Parliament of India which provides for levying of wealth tax on an individual, Hindu Undivided Family (HUF) or company is in possession of, on the corresponding Valuation Date. The Act applies to the whole of India including the state of Jammu and Kashmir and the Union Territories. The Act was last amended by the Finance Bill of 2012.

Wealth Tax Act[1]

The Wealth Tax Act, 1957 governs the taxation process associated with the Net Wealth that an Individual, a Hindu Undivided Family (HUF), or a Company possesses on the Valuation Date.

The Reserve Bank of India is exempted from paying Wealth Tax though the entity fulfils the requirement of being a corporation in India. It is an Act that provides for the levy of Wealth Tax on liable Assessees and came into force on April 1, 1957. This Act requires liable Assessees to file their Wealth Tax Return in Form BA, duly signed by the Assessee. The due-date for filing return of Wealth Tax shall be same date as that applicable to an assessee under the Income Tax Act.

Wealth Tax is a direct tax and is to be filed separately. It is not part of the Income Tax Return that is filed at the end of a Financial Year in India.

Valuation Date[2]

The Valuation Date is an important component in the calculation of Wealth Tax. The Net Wealth that an Assessee possesses on the Valuation Date determines the amount of tax, the residential status of the Assessee, value of an asset, and exact amount of wealth at the end of the date. The Valuation Date is considered the day of 31 March immediately preceding the Assessment Year. E.g., When the Assessment Year is 1 April 2012 to 31 March 2013, the Valuation Date will be 31 March 2012.

Calculation of Wealth Tax[3]

Wealth Tax[4] is calculated at the rate of 1 per cent of the amount of Net Wealth that exceeds Rs. 30 lakh on the Valuation Date. The Net Wealth of an Assessee includes the value of specified unproductive assets on the Valuation Date after subtracting the debt the Assessee owes on the said assets. Wealth Tax does not attract any Education Cess or Surcharge.

Exceptions[5]

Wealth Tax is not applicable to

  • Trusts
  • Artificial Judicial Persons
  • Partnership firms
  • Association of persons (AOPs)
  • A company registered under Section 25 of the Company Act, 1956
  • Co-operative Societies
  • Social clubs
  • Political parties
  • Mutual funds specified under Section 10 Clause (23D) of the Income Tax Act

References

  1. ^ "Other Direct Tax Acts > WEALTH-TAX ACT". Income Tax Government India. Retrieved 2013-03-05. 
  2. ^ "THE WEALTH-TAX ACT, 1957". Legal India. Retrieved 2013-03-05. 
  3. ^ "Filing wealth tax return: Things to know". The Economic Times. 2012-11-26. Retrieved 2013-03-05. 
  4. ^ "Valuation Date: An Important Element Related To The Wealth Tax Act". Make My Returns. 2013-03-04. Retrieved 2013-03-05. 
  5. ^ "LESSON – 17 WEALTH TAX-I". University of Delhi. Retrieved 2013-03-05. 
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