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Wei (Dingling)

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Wei (Dingling)

Wei
Kingdom
388–392
 

Capital Huatai
Government Monarchy
Tian Wang
 •  388-391 Zhai Liao
 •  391-392 Zhai Zhao
Historical era Sixteen Kingdoms
 •  Zhai Liao's last break with Later Yan 387
 •  Established 388
 •  Disestablished 392
 •  Zhai Zhao's execution by Western Yan 393

Wei (Chinese: ; pinyin: Wèi) was a state of Dingling ethnicity that existed from 388 to 392, during the Sixteen Kingdoms period of Chinese history. It is often referred to as Zhai Wei to be distinguished from numerous other states named Wei in history. Its founder Zhai Liao had previously been vacillating between being a vassal of Later Yan, Western Yan, and Jin dynasty, and in 388, after his last overture to reconcile with Later Yan's emperor Murong Chui was rejected, he declared his own state, over the territory of modern central and eastern Henan. In 392, Wei, then under Zhai Liao's son Zhai Zhao, was destroyed by Later Yan forces. Because of its relatively small size and short lifespan, Wei is generally not included by historians among the Sixteen Kingdoms.

The rulers of Wei used the title "Heavenly King" (Tian Wang).

Rulers of Wei

Temple names Posthumous names Family names and given name Durations of reigns Era names and their according durations
Chinese convention: use family name and given name
None None Zhai Liao (翟遼 zhái liáo) 388-391 Jianguang (建光 jiàn guāng) 388-391
None None Zhai Zhao (翟釗 zhái zhāo) 391-392 Dingding (定鼎 dìng dǐng) 391-392

See also

References

  • http://www.chinaknowledge.de/History/Altera/dingling.html
  • Historical Dictionary of Medieval China, p. 119, at Google Books
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