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West Virginia's 3rd congressional district

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Title: West Virginia's 3rd congressional district  
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West Virginia's 3rd congressional district

West Virginia's 3rd congressional district
West Virginia's 3rd congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
West Virginia's 3rd congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Current Representative Evan Jenkins (RHuntington)
Population (2010) 588,817
Median income $25,630
Ethnicity 94.4% White, 4.1% Black, 0.4% Asian, 0.6% Hispanic, 0.2% Native American, 0.0% other
Cook PVI R+14[1]

West Virginia's 3rd congressional district is located in the southern part of the state, it is based in the state's second largest city, Huntington and includes Bluefield, Princeton, and Beckley.

The district is currently represented by Republican Evan Jenkins.

Contents

  • Character 1
  • History 2
  • List of representatives 3
  • Historical district boundaries 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6

Character

The modern district has grown in geographic size over the years, as it contains the area of the state that has lost the most population. Most of the congressmen listed below prior to the 1992 election cycle actually represented other parts of the state, as most of the modern 3rd District's history is found in the obsolete 4th, 5th, and 6th Districts. The modern 3rd District began to take shape in the 1960s. For much of its history, the 4th district had been focused on Huntington and the mill towns and farm communities north of that city along the Ohio River, while the 5th and 6th Districts were focused on the then safe democratic coal fields. In the 1970 redistricting, the 5th (which had consumed the 6th due to population loss 10 years earlier) was merged into the 4th, forming a 4th district which was composed of what is now the western half of the modern 3rd. In the 1990 redistricting the old 4th was renumbered as the 3rd and took in what is now the eastern half of its current shape from a previous version of the 2nd District.

The current major areas of the district include the industrial and university city of Huntington, the coal producing southwestern part of the state, and the more conservative farm and timber region of the southeastern part of the state. 2010 Census figures again showed a major population loss, and Mason County was transferred from the 2nd to the 3rd District. This will not change the character of the district in a significant way.

Despite the strength of Democrats at the local and state level, in presidential elections the district has followed the increasing Republican trend in West Virginia. While 2004 with 53% of the vote, and John McCain carried the district in 2008 with 55.76% of the vote.

History

The Third District as originally formed in 1863 included Kanawha, Jackson, Mason, Putnam, Cabell, Clay, Wayne, Logan, Boone, Braxton, Nicholas, Roane and McDowell counties. At that time Lincoln and Mingo counties had not yet been formed, but the territories included in both was in this district. In 1882, the district was reformed of Logan, Wyoming, McDowell, Mercer, Raleigh, Boone, Kanawha, Fayette, Clay, Nicholas, Greenbrier, Monroe, Summers, Webster, Pocahontas, and Upshur counties. In 1902, Logan, Wyoming, McDowell, Raleigh, Boone and Mercer were removed. In 1916 the district was, more or less, renumbered as the new 6th District, and the 3rd was totally reconstituted as Ritchie, Doddridge, Harrison, Calhoun, Gilmer, Lewis, Upshur, Braxton, Clay, Nicholas, and Webster counties. In 1934, Fayette was added. In 1952, Wirt was added. In 1962, the district was again totally broken up and reconstituted as Boone, Clay, Kanawha, Nicholas and Raleigh. In 1972, Raleigh was removed and Ritchie, Wirt, Gilmer, Calhoun, Mason, Jackson, Roane, Braxton, Putnam, Lincoln, and Boone were added. In 1982, Lewis was added.

The district's current configuration dates from the 1990 round of redistricting. From 1992 to 2002, it consisted of Boone, Cabell, Fayette, Greenbrier, Lincoln, Logan, McDowell, Mercer, Mingo, Monroe, Pocahontas, Raleigh, Summers, Wayne, Webster, and Wyoming. In 2002, Nicholas was added. For the 2012 cycle, Mason was added.[2]

List of representatives

Representative Party Years Electoral history
District created December 7, 1863
Kellian Whaley Unconditional Unionist December 7, 1863 –
March 4, 1867
Daniel Polsley Republican March 4, 1867 –
March 4, 1869
John Witcher Republican March 4, 1869 –
March 4, 1871
Frank Hereford Democratic March 4, 1871 –
January 31, 1877
Resigned, having been elected to the U.S. Senate
Vacant January 31, 1877 –
March 4, 1877
John E. Kenna Democratic March 4, 1877 –
March 4, 1883
Re-elected in 1882, but resigned, having been elected to the U.S. Senate
Vacant March 4, 1883 –
March 15, 1883
Charles P. Snyder Democratic May 15, 1883 –
March 4, 1889
John D. Alderson Democratic March 4, 1889 –
March 4, 1895
James H. Huling Republican March 4, 1895 –
March 4, 1897
Charles Dorr Republican March 4, 1897 –
March 4, 1899
David E. Johnston Democratic March 4, 1899 –
March 4, 1901
Joseph H. Gaines Republican March 4, 1901 –
March 4, 1911
Adam B. Littlepage Democratic March 4, 1911 –
March 4, 1913
Samuel B. Avis Republican March 4, 1913 –
March 4, 1915
Adam B. Littlepage Democratic March 4, 1915 –
March 4, 1917
Redistricted to the 6th district
Stuart F. Reed Republican March 4, 1917 –
March 4, 1925
John M. Wolverton Republican March 4, 1925 –
March 4, 1927
William S. O'Brien Democratic March 4, 1927 –
March 4, 1929
John M. Wolverton Republican March 4, 1929 –
March 4, 1931
Lynn Hornor Democratic March 4, 1931 –
September 23, 1933
Died
Vacant September 23, 1933 –
November 28, 1933
Andrew Edmiston, Jr. Democratic November 28, 1933 –
January 3, 1943
Edward G. Rohrbough Republican January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1945
Cleveland M. Bailey Democratic January 3, 1945 –
January 3, 1947
Edward G. Rohrbough Republican January 3, 1947 –
January 3, 1949
Cleveland M. Bailey Democratic January 3, 1949 –
January 3, 1963
John M. Slack, Jr. Democratic January 3, 1963 –
March 17, 1980
Redistricted from the 6th district
Died
Vacant March 17, 1980 –
June 30, 1980
John G. Hutchinson Democratic June 30, 1980 –
January 3, 1981
Mick Staton Republican January 3, 1981 –
January 3, 1983
Bob Wise Democratic January 3, 1983 –
January 3, 1993
Redistricted to the 2nd district
Nick Rahall Democratic January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 2015
Redistricted from the 4th district
Evan Jenkins Republican January 3, 2015 –
Incumbent

Historical district boundaries

2003 - 2013

See also

References

  1. ^ "Introducing the 2014 Cook Political Report Partisan Voter Index". The Cook Political Report. 2014. Retrieved 2014-06-15. 
  2. ^ West Virginia Blue Book (pp 538, 2012 edition)
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present

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