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Western Qin

Western Qin (西秦)
苑川 (387-388)
河南 (388-389, 394, 411-414)
金城 (389-394)
梁 (394-395)
秦 (395-400, 409-411, 414-431)
Vassal of Former Qin, Later Qin, Jin Dynasty (265-420), Northern Wei



Capital Yongshicheng (385-386)
Wanchuan (386-388, 400, 410-412)
Jincheng (388-395)
Xicheng (395-400)
Dujianshan (409-410)
Tanjiao (412),
Fuhan (412-429)
Dinglian (429-430)
Nan'an (430-431)
Government Monarchy
 •  385-388 Qifu Guoren
 •  388-400, 409-412 Qifu Gangui
 •  412-428 Qifu Chipan
 •  428-431 Qifu Mumo
 •  Qifu Guoren's rebellion against Former Qin 383
 •  Established 385
 •  Qifu Gangui's surrender to Southern Liang 400
 •  Qifu Gangui's reassertion of independence 409
 •  Qifu Gangui's assassination by Qifu Gongfu 412
 •  Disestablished 431

The Western Qin (Chinese: 西秦; pinyin: Xīqín; 385-400, 409-431) was a state of Xianbei ethnicity during the era of Sixteen Kingdoms in China.[1] Note that the Western Qin is entirely distinct from the ancient Qin Dynasty, the Former Qin, and the Later Qin.

All rulers of the Western Qin declared themselves "wang", translatable as either "king" or "prince." They ruled the area that is now southwest part of Gansu province in Northwest China.


  • Rulers of the Western Qin 1
  • The family tree of Western Qin rulers 2
  • See also 3
  • Reference 4

Rulers of the Western Qin

Temple names Posthumous names Family names and given name Durations of reigns Era names and their according durations
Chinese convention: use family and given names
Liezu (烈祖 Lièzǔ) Xuanlie (宣烈 Xuānliè) 乞伏國仁 Qǐfú Guórén 385-388 Jianyi (建義 Jiànyì) 385-388
Gaozu (高祖 Gāozǔ) Wuyuan (武元 Wǔyuán) 乞伏乾歸 Qǐfú Gānguī 388-400, 409-412 Taichu (太初 Taìchū) 388-400
Gengshi (更始 Gèngshǐ) 409-412
Taizu (太祖 Taìzǔ) Wenzhao (文昭 Wénzhāo) 乞伏熾磐 Qǐfú Chìpán 412-428 Yongkang (永康 Yǒngkāng) 412-419
Jianhong (建弘 Jiànhóng) 420-428
Did not exist Houzhu (後主 Hoùzhǔ) 乞伏暮末 Qǐfú Mùmò 428-431 Yonghong (永弘 Yǒnghóng) 428-431

The family tree of Western Qin rulers

See also


  1. ^ Grousset, Rene (1970). The Empire of the Steppes. Rutgers University Press. pp. 59–60.  

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