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Western Yan

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Title: Western Yan  
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Subject: Murong Chong, Wei (Dingling), Later Qin, Western Yan, Duan Sui
Collection: 394 Disestablishments, States and Territories Established in 384, Western Yan
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Western Yan

Western Yan (西燕)

384–394
Capital Chang'an (385-386)
Zhangzi (386-394)
Political structure Empire
Emperor
 •  384 Murong Hong
 •  384-386 Murong Chong
 •  386-394 Murong Yong
History
 •  Established 384
 •  Murong Chong's claim of imperial title 27 January 385[1][2]
 •  Capturing of Chang'an 385
 •  Abandoning of Chang'an 386
 •  Settling at Zhangzi 386
 •  Disestablished 394

The Western Yan (Chinese: 西燕; pinyin: Xīyàn; 384-394) was a state of Xianbei ethnicity during the era of Sixteen Kingdoms in China. It was founded by Murong Hong in 384 in the aftermaths of Former Qin's defeat by Jin Dynasty (265-420) at the Battle of Fei River, with the stated intent of permitting the Xianbei, whom Former Qin's emperor Fu Jiān had relocated to Former Qin's capital region after destroying Former Yan in 370. It initially also was intended to rescue the last Former Yan emperor Murong Wei, until he was executed by Fu Jiān in 385. It was a state that was characterized by extreme political instability and internal fighting, as all seven of its rulers (during a short span of 10 years) died of unnatural causes. After eviscerating Former Qin, the people of the state abandoned the Guanzhong region and headed east back toward their homeland, but eventually settled down in modern Shanxi. It was destroyed in 394 as Later Yan's emperor Murong Chui wanted to reunite the people formerly of Yan and conquered it.

Some rulers of the Western Yan declared themselves emperors while some declared themselves wang (translatable as either "king" or "prince").

Rulers of the Western Yan

Temple names Posthumous names Family names and given name Durations of reigns Era names and their according durations
Chinese convention: use family name and given name
Did not exist Did not exist 慕容泓 Mùróng Hóng 384 Yanxing (燕興 Yànxīng) 384
Did not exist Wei (威 wēi) 慕容沖 Mùróng Chōng 384-386 Yanxing (燕興 Yànxīng) 384
Gengshi (更始 Gèngshǐ) 385-386
Did not exist Did not exist 段隨 Duàn Suí 386 Changping (昌平 Chāngpíng) 386
Did not exist Did not exist 慕容顗 Mùróng Yǐ 386 Jianming (建明 Jiànmíng) 386
Did not exist Did not exist 慕容瑤 Mùróng Yáo 386 Jianping (建平 Jiànpíng) 386
Did not exist Did not exist 慕容忠 Mùróng Zhōng 386 Jianwu (建武 Jiànwǔ) 386
Did not exist Did not exist 慕容永 Mùróng Yǒng 386-394 Zhongxing (中興 Zhōngxīng) 386-394

See also

Notes and references

  1. ^ http://www.sinica.edu.tw/ftms-bin/kiwi1/luso.sh?lstype=2&dyna=%AAF%AE%CA&king=%A7%B5%AAZ%AB%D2&reign=%A4%D3%A4%B8&yy=10&ycanzi=&mm=1&dd=1&dcanzi=
  2. ^ Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 106.
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