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White House, Tennessee

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Subject: Andy Kirby, Sumner County, Tennessee, Robertson County, Tennessee, Portland, Tennessee, Jim Varney
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White House, Tennessee

White House, Tennessee
White House Greenway
White House Greenway
Motto: "Valuing Our Future While Protecting Our Heritage"[1]
Location of White House, Tennessee
Location of White House, Tennessee
Country United States
State Tennessee
Counties Sumner, Robertson
Settled 1835[2]
Incorporated 1921[3]
Named for Stagecoach inn around which the town developed[2]
 • Type Mayor/Aldermen
 • Mayor Michael Arnold
 • Vice Mayor & Aldermen Farris Bibb
 • City Administrator Gerald O. Herman
 • Chief of Police Patrick M. Brady
 • Total 9.0 sq mi (23.2 km2)
 • Land 9.0 sq mi (23.2 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 863 ft (263 m)
Population (2013)
 • Total 10,752
 • Density 805.3/sq mi (310.9/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 37188
Area code(s) 615
FIPS code 47-80200[4]
GNIS feature ID 1304522[5]

White House is a city in Robertson and Sumner counties in the United States state of Tennessee. The population was 7,220 at the 2000 census. It is approximately twenty-two miles north of downtown Nashville. According to the city website a special census was conducted in 2008 that placed the city population at 9,891 residents, with 3,587 households within the city limits. The population was 10,255 at the 2010 census which showed growth of 3,000 people from 2000 to 2010. The 2013 population was 10,752.


  • History 1
    • Settlers 1.1
    • Naming the town 1.2
    • Original White House torn down, building replaced 1.3
    • Growth and development 1.4
  • Geography 2
  • Demographics 3
  • Government 4
  • Education 5
    • Public schools 5.1
    • Private schools 5.2
  • Nearby communities 6
  • Trivia 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9



The area that is now White House was purchased around 1828 by Richard Stone Wilks, a settler from Virginia. A trail running from Kentucky to Nashville, originally created by Native Americans, cut through the area. This trail was originally known as the Louisville & Nashville Turnpike during the mid-19th century. In 1928, the trail was renamed US Highway 31W.

Naming the town

In the mid-19th century, the Carter, Thomas, and Hough Stagecoach Company traveled the L&N Turnpike carrying passengers. A typical stop along the way was a white, two-story house built by Richard Wilks in 1829. The house was a popular stop for lodging, food, and changing out horses. President Andrew Jackson was even heard to have stayed here during his travels between his home and the White House. During this time, houses were rarely painted white, particularly in this underdeveloped area. The stage coach drivers began to call this stop and the surrounding area White House.[6]

Original White House torn down, building replaced

The monument for which the town was named was torn down in 1951 to make way for new development. However, in 1986, the community erected a replica of the original building. The reproduction, called the White House Inn Library and Museum, currently sits in the center of town next to the Fire Department. It contains the library, a museum with artifacts from the area's early years, and the city's Chamber of Commerce. In 2015, the replica White House Inn Library and Museum was turned solely into a meuseum after the city built a new library.

Growth and development

White House was incorporated in 1921.[7] Currently, the young town is experiencing population growth, economic progress, and community development. The city is located north of Nashville within the greater Nashville region.


White House is located at (36.465208, -86.662896).[8]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.0 square miles (23.2 km²), all land.

White House is located along Interstate 65 at the intersection of State Highway 76 and US Highway 31W. The town, as of 2007, covers eleven square miles and is situated about 22 miles (35 km) north of downtown Nashville, lying in both Robertson and Sumner Counties.


As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 7,220 people, 2,497 households, and 2,060 families residing in the city. The population density was 805.3 people per square mile (310.8/km²). There were 2,578 housing units at an average density of 287.5 per square mile (111.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.35% White, 1.33% African American, 0.25% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 0.30% from other races, and 0.42% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.02% of the population.

There were 2,497 households out of which 48.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 71.0% were married couples living together, 8.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.5% were non-families. 15.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.89 and the average family size was 3.22.

In the city the population was spread out with 31.7% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 37.8% from 25 to 44, 17.6% from 45 to 64, and 6.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 99.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $51,649, and the median income for a family was $55,731. Males had a median income of $38,448 versus $26,216 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,890. About 2.3% of families and 3.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.6% of those under age 18 and 9.0% of those age 65 or over.


The town's current mayor is Mike Arnold.


Public schools

The city is split into two counties, and therefore has two public school districts. Sumner county public schools:

  • Harold B. Williams Elementary School (K-4)
  • White House Middle School (5-8)
  • White House High School (9-12)

Robertson county public schools:

  • Robert F. Woodall Elementary School (K-2)
  • White House Heritage Elementary School (3-6)
  • White House Heritage High School (7-12)

Private schools

  • Christian Community Schools (CCS)

Nearby communities

Hendersonville, Cottontown, Portland, Gallatin, Goodlettsville, Springfield, Millersville, Cross Plains, Orlinda, Franklin, Ridgetop, Greenbrier, Madison


The choir at the First Baptist Church of White House recorded back-up vocals for Alison Krauss in "O Brother, Where Art Thou?" White House grew larger than any other city in Sumner County 2000-2010.


  1. ^ "City of White House, Tennessee". City of White House, Tennessee. Retrieved August 18, 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "History of White House," White House Chamber of Commerce website. Retrieved: 1 March 2013.
  3. ^ Tennessee Blue Book, 2005-2006, pp. 618-625.
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder".  
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names".  
  6. ^ "Profile for White House, Tennessee, TN". ePodunk. Retrieved August 18, 2012. 
  7. ^ "White House, Tennessee". Retrieved August 18, 2012. 
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990".  
  9. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Census of Population and Housing: Decennial Censuses".  
  11. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 

External links

  • Official City Website
  • Chamber of Commerce
  • Current City News
  • City News/Information
  • White House High School (Sumner County Schools)
  • White House Heritage High School (Robertson County Schools)
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