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William Randal Cremer

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William Randal Cremer

Sir William Randal Cremer (18 March 1828 – 22 July 1908) usually known by his middle name "Randal", was an English Liberal Member of Parliament and pacifist.

Cremer was elected as the Secretary of the International Workingmen's Association in 1865, but resigned two years later in 1867.

He was Liberal Member of Parliament (MP) for Haggerston in the Shoreditch district of Hackney from 1885 to 1895, and from 1900 until his death, from pneumonia in 1908.

Cremer won the Nobel Peace Prize, the first to do so solo, in 1903, mainly for his work in international arbitration, and particularly the 1897 Anglo-American arbitration treaty. He co-founded the Inter-Parliamentary Union and the International Arbitration League.

He also was named a Chevalier of the French Légion d'honneur,[1] won the Norwegian Knighthood of Saint Olaf and was knighted in 1907.

Randal Cremer Primary School, in Haggerston,[2] is named in his honor.

Notes

References

  • Nobel Committee information on 1903 Peace Prize
  • About Sir Randal Cremer
  • The Hugh & Helene Schonfield World Service Trust
  • Link to article about Cremer by Simon Hall-Raleigh in Journal of Liberal History, Issue 9, December 1995

External links

  • Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by
Parliament of the United Kingdom
New constituency Member of Parliament for Haggerston
18851895
Succeeded by
John Lowles
Preceded by
John Lowles
Member of Parliament for Haggerston
19001908
Succeeded by
Rupert Guinness, Viscount Elveden

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