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World Judo Championships

 

World Judo Championships

The World Judo Championships are the highest level of international judo competition, along with the Olympic judo competition. The championships are held once every year (except the years when the Olympics take place) by the International Judo Federation, and qualified judoka compete in their respective categories as representatives of their home countries. Team competitions have also been held since 1994. The men's championships began in 1956, though the format and periodicity of the championships have changed over time. The last edition of the championships took place in Astana, Kazakhstan in 2015.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Weight classes 2
  • Competitions 3
    • Men's competitions 3.1
    • Women's competitions 3.2
    • Mixed competitions 3.3
    • Openweight competitions 3.4
  • All-time medal 4
  • Records 5
  • Judo Team World Championships 6
  • Video footage 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9

History

The first World Judo Champion, Shokichi Natsui in 1956

The first edition of the world championships took place in Tokyo, Japan in 1956. There were no weight classes at the time and Japanese judoka Shokichi Natsui became the first world champion in history, defeating fellow countryman Yoshihiko Yoshimatsu in the final. The second world championship was also held in Tokyo two years later, with the Japanese winning the top two spots in the competition for the second time. In 1961, the championship was held outside of Japan for the first time, and Dutch judoka Anton Geesink defeated the prior world champion, Koji Sone, in Paris, France, to become the first non-Japanese world champion.

The 1965 World Judo Championships were held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and weight classes were implemented for the first time with the addition of the -68 kg, -80 kg, and +80 kg categories. Judo had become an Olympic sport at the 1964 Summer Olympics held in Tokyo, and a permanent sport after a brief absence at the 1968 Summer Olympics.

Despite this progressive enlargement, it took until 1980 for women to participate in the world championships. The first women's world championships were held in New York in 1980, and were held in alternating years as the men's championships until the 1987 World Judo Championships in Essen, where the two competitions were merged into one world championship. The mixed championships have been held biannually since 1987. In 2005, the world championships made its debut on the African continent in Cairo, Egypt. In the International Judo Federation meeting held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil in 2007 (during the 2007 World Judo Championships), it was decided that France would host the world championships for the fifth time in 2011.

Weight classes

There are currently 16 tournaments in the world championships, with 8 weight classes for each gender.

Competitions

The world championships have been held in every continent except Oceania and Antarctica.

Men's competitions

Year Dates City and host country Venue # Countries # Athletes
1956 3 May Tokyo, Japan Kuramae Kokugikan 21 31
1958 30 November Tokyo, Japan Tokyo Metropolitan Gymnasium 18 39
1961 2 December Paris, France Stade Pierre de Coubertin 25 57
1965 14–17 October Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 28 150
1967 9–11 August Salt Lake City, United States Gymnasium at the University of Utah 29 129
1969 23–25 October Mexico City, Mexico 36 250
1971 2–4 September Ludwigshafen, West Germany Friedrich-Ebert-Halle 49
1973 22–24 June Lausanne, Switzerland 42
1975 23–25 October Vienna, Austria 42
1977 Cancelled
1979 6–9 December Paris, France Stade Pierre de Coubertin 60 about 240
1981 3–6 September Maastricht, Netherlands Euro Hall 54 250
1983 13–16 October Moscow, Soviet Union Luzhniki Palace of Sports 41
1985 26–29 September Seoul, South Korea Jamsil Arena 37

Women's competitions

Year Dates City and host country Venue # Countries # Athletes
1980 29–30 November New York, United States Madison Square Garden 27 135
1982 4–5 December Paris, France Stade Pierre de Coubertin 35 174
1984 10–11 November Vienna, Austria 33 about 180
1986 24–26 October Maastricht, Netherlands Geusselt Sports Hall 35 162

Mixed competitions

Year Dates City and host country Venue # Countries # Athletes
1987 19–22 November Essen, West Germany Grugahalle 65
1989 10–15 October Belgrade, Yugoslavia Pionir Hall 61
1991 25–28 July Barcelona, Spain Palau Blaugrana 57 487
1993 30 September – 3 October Hamilton, Canada Copps Coliseum 78
1995 28 September – 1 October Chiba, Japan Makuhari Messe 100 625
1997 9–12 October Paris, France Palais Omnisports de Paris-Bercy 92 531
1999 7–10 October Birmingham, United Kingdom National Indoor Arena 87 572
2001 26–29 July Munich, Germany Olympiahalle 88 554
2003 11–14 September Osaka, Japan Osaka-jō Hall 97 671
2005 8–11 September Cairo, Egypt Cairo Stadium Indoor Halls Complex 93 544
2007 13–16 September Rio de Janeiro, Brazil HSBC Arena 138 748
2009 27–30 August Rotterdam, Netherlands Ahoy Rotterdam 100 543
2010 9–13 September Tokyo, Japan Yoyogi National Gymnasium 111 847
2011 23–28 August Paris, France Palais Omnisports de Paris-Bercy 132 871
2013 26 August – 1 September Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Maracanãzinho 123 673
2014 25–31 August Chelyabinsk, Russia Traktor Arena 118 712
2015 24–30 August Astana, Kazakhstan Baluan Sholak Sport Palace 120 729
2017 TBD Budapest, Hungary TBD

Openweight competitions

Year Dates City and host country Venue # Countries # Athletes
2008 20–21 December Levallois-Perret, France Marcel Cerdan Palace of Sports 18 51
2009 Cancelled
2011 29–30 October Tyumen, Russia Judo Centre 21 40

All-time medal

All-time medal count as 2015 World Judo Championships.

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Japan 125 81 95 301
2  France 47 32 70 149
3  South Korea 27 8 51 86
4  China 19 12 16 47
5  Cuba 18 19 35 72
6  Great Britain 16 17 29 62
7  Netherlands 14 21 41 76
8  Germany 11 24 63 98
9  Soviet Union 11 13 33 57
10  Belgium 8 13 20 41
11  Russia 7 13 31 51
12 Brazil 6 11 23 40
13  Poland 6 3 22 31
14  Italy 5 6 17 28
15  North Korea 5 5 8 18
16  United States 4 8 17 29
17  Austria 4 2 8 14
18  Mongolia 3 3 8 14
19  Greece 3 2 2 7
20  Uzbekistan 3 1 6 10
21  Colombia 3 0 1 4
22  Spain 2 9 9 20
23  Georgia 2 8 13 23
24  Hungary 2 7 15 24
25  Kazakhstan 2 3 2 7
26  Argentina 2 2 0 4
27  Iran 2 0 3 5
28  Ukraine 1 4 8 13
29  Israel 1 4 3 8
30  Azerbaijan 1 2 9 12
31  Slovenia 1 2 7 10
32  Czech Republic 1 0 3 4
 Tunisia 1 0 3 4
34  Yugoslavia 1 0 2 3
35  Venezuela 1 0 0 1
 Kosovo 1 0 0 1
International Judo Federation 1 0 0 1
38  Romania 0 4 9 13
39  Portugal 0 4 5 9
40  Turkey 0 3 4 7
41  Australia 0 3 3 6
42  Estonia 0 3 1 4
43  Belarus 0 2 7 9
44  Canada 0 2 6 8
45  Algeria 0 2 4 6
46  Egypt 0 2 3 5
47  Czechoslovakia 0 2 2 4
  Switzerland 0 2 2 4
49  Bulgaria 0 1 3 4
50  Moldova 0 1 2 3
51  Norway 0 1 1 2
52  Montenegro 0 1 0 1
 Sweden 0 1 0 1
54  United Arab Emirates 0 0 2 2
55  Tajikistan 0 0 1 1
 Chinese Taipei 0 0 1 1
 Finland 0 0 1 1
 Latvia 0 0 1 1
 Lithuania 0 0 1 1
 New Zealand 0 0 1 1
 Puerto Rico 0 0 1 1
 Serbia and Montenegro 0 0 1 1
 Armenia 0 0 1 1
365 365 730 1460
a^ Unlike 2013, Majlinda Kelmendi did not compete at the 2014 World Judo Championships under the Kosovo flag but under the International Judo Federation flag. Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the Brussels Agreement. Kosovo has been recognised as an independent state by 108 out of 193 United Nations member states.

Records

Category Men Women
Most world titles
  • Ryoko Tamura : 7 titles (all at -48 kg)
  • Tong Wen : 7 titles (3 in the Open category, 4 at +78 kg)
  • Ingrid Berghmans : 6 titles (4 in the Open category, 2 at +72 kg)
  • Misato Nakamura: 5 titles (3 at -52 kg, 2 with Women's Team)
  • Kye Sun-Hui : 4 titles (1 at -52 kg, 3 at -57 kg)
  • Gao Fenglian : 4 titles (3 at +72 kg, 1 in the Open category)
  • Karen Briggs : 4 titles (all at -48 kg)
  • Noriko Anno : 4 titles (1 at -72 kg, 3 at +78 kg)
Most medals
Youngest world champion

Judo Team World Championships

The World Judo Championships team competition began in 1994. women's competition began in 1997,[1] and after 1998 it was held once every four years until 2006. The competition will be held every year from 2007. Judoka who participate in the individual world championships often do not participate in the team competition.

Year Location Men Women
Gold Silver Bronze Gold Silver Bronze
1994 Paris, France  France  United Kingdom  Japan
 Russia
no women's competition
1997 Osaka, Japan no men's competition  Cuba  Korea  Japan
 France
1998 Minsk, Belarus  Japan  Brazil  Russia
 France
 Cuba  France  Belgium
 China
2002 Basel, Switzerland  Japan  Georgia  France
 Italy
 Japan  Cuba  Italy
 China
2006 Paris, France  Georgia  Russia  France
 South Korea
 France  Cuba  Japan
 China
2007 Beijing, China  Japan  Brazil  China
 South Korea
 China  Cuba  Japan
 Mongolia
2008 Tokyo, Japan  Georgia  Uzbekistan  Russia
 Brazil
 Japan  France  China
 Germany
2010 Antalya, Turkey  Japan  Brazil  Russia
 South Korea
 Netherlands  Germany  Japan
 Turkey
2011 Paris, France  France  Brazil  South Korea
 Japan
 France  Japan  Germany
 Cuba
2012 Salvador, Brazil  Russia  Japan  Brazil
 Georgia
 Japan  China  Brazil
 Cuba
2013 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil  Georgia  Russia  Germany
 Japan
 Japan  Brazil  Cuba
 France
2014

Chelyabinsk, Russia

 Japan  Russia  Germany
 Georgia
 France  Mongolia  Germany
 Japan
2015

Astana, Kazakhstan

 Japan  South Korea  Georgia
 Mongolia
 Japan  Poland  Germany
 Russia

Judo Team World Championships

Rank Judo National Team Men Women All
Gold Gold Gold
1  Japan 6 5 11
2  France 2 3 5
3  Georgia 3 3
4  Cuba 2 2
5  Russia 1 1
6  China 1 1
7  Netherlands 1 1

Video footage

  • World Championship 2013 in Rio de Janeiro
  • World Championships 2012 in Salvador
  • World Championships 2011 in Paris
  • World Championships 2010 in Tokyo
  • World Championships 2009 in Rotterdam
  • World Championships 2007 in Rio de Janeiro
  • World Championships 2005 in Cairo
  • World Championships 2003 in Osaka
  • World Championships 2001 in Munich
  • World Championships 1999 in Birmingham
  • World Championships 1997 in Paris
  • World Championships 1995 in Chiba
  • World Championships 1993 in Hamilton
  • World Championships 1991 in Barcelona
  • World Championships 1989 in Belgrade
  • World Championships 1987 in Essen
  • World Championships 1985 in Seoul
  • World Championships 1983 in Moscow
  • World Championships 1981 in Maastricht
  • World Championships 1980 in New York
  • World Championships 1979 in Paris
  • World Championships 1961 in Paris
  • World Championships 1956 in Tokyo

References

  1. ^ "特集 97ワールドカップ女子柔道団体トーナメント-". Baseball Magazine Sha Co., Ltd. 1997-03-20. 

External links

  • Judo Union
  • European Judo Union
  • http://www.judoinside.com/judoka/statsgen
  • http://www.judobase.org/
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