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Title: XInclude  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: XML, Plain Old XML, List of web service specifications, Genshi (templating language), SMIL Timesheets
Collection: Xml-Based Standards
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


XInclude is a generic mechanism for merging XML documents, by writing inclusion tags in the "main" document to automatically include other documents or parts thereof.[1] The resulting document becomes a single composite XML Information Set. The XInclude mechanism can be used to incorporate content from either XML files or non-XML text files.


  • Example 1
  • Browser Support 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5


For example, including the text file license.txt:

This document is published under GNU Free Documentation License

in an XHTML document:




This document is published under GNU Free Documentation License

The mechanism is similar to HTML's tag (which is specific to the HTML markup language), but the XInclude mechanism works with any XML format, such as SVG and XHTML.

Browser Support

  • Not natively.
  • Partially using some extra Javascript code[2]

See also


  1. ^ J. Marsh, D. Orchard, Daniel Veillard. "XML Inclusions (XInclude) Version 1.0 (Second Edition), Appendix C: Examples (non-normative)".  
  2. ^ Brettz9. "XInclude".  

External links

  • XInclude Standard
  • XInclude with XSLT
  • Using XInclude in Xerces
  • Using XInclude article by Elliotte Rusty Harold
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