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Youngstown–Warren–Boardman metropolitan statistical area

 

Youngstown–Warren–Boardman metropolitan statistical area

Metro Youngstown
Youngstown - Warren - Boardman, OH-PA MSA
Youngstown – Warren, OH-PA CSA
CSA
Map of metro area (MSA in red, CSA in pink)
Map of metro area (MSA in red, CSA in pink)
Nickname(s): Mahoning Valley
Country  United States
States Ohio
Pennsylvania
Largest city Youngstown
Elevation −255 m (660-3,001 ft)
Population (2012/2010)
 • Urban 602,964
 • MSA 565,773
  MSA/CSA = 2012,
Urban = 2010
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 16xxx to 44xx
Area code(s) 330, 234, 724

The Youngstown metropolitan area, typically known as the Steel Valley as well as Mahoning Valley, is a metropolitan area in Northeast Ohio in the United States, with the city of Youngstown, Ohio at its center. According to the US Census Bureau, the metropolitan statistical area (MSA) includes Mahoning and Trumbull counties in Ohio and Mercer county in Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the MSA had a population of 565,773.

This area also has a strong commuter interchange with Cleveland and Pittsburgh and their metropolitan areas. It is located at the geographic center of the Rust Belt of the United States which stretches from Minneapolis in the west to Johnstown and Altoona in the east.

Contents

  • Steel industry history 1
  • Municipalities 2
    • Cities, Villages, and Boroughs 2.1
    • Townships 2.2
  • Demographics 3
  • Combined Statistical Area 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6

Steel industry history

Although steel has been produced in the Mahoning Valley since the mid-1800s, after the Civil War, the valley was primarily known for its iron production. Conversion to steel manufacturing began during the economic depression of the 1890s.[1] The Mahoning Valley is suitable for steel manufacture because of "its proximity to the Lake Erie ports that receive iron ore ... the coal fields of Ohio, Pennsylvania and West Virginia; and to limestone deposits."[1] The "25-mile stretch of steel mills and related industries" along the Mahoning River is similar to the Ruhr Valley in Germany."[1] Historically, it was the largest steel producing region in the world (including all of Northeast Ohio and Western Pennsylvania).

The local steel industry declined during the 1970s [4]

The Mahoning Valley Economic Development Corporation, founded in 1979, is active in economic revitalization and diversification. It owns two industrial parks, and has purchased local rail lines, including the Youngstown and Austintown Railroad and the Warren and Trumbull Railroad.[5]

Municipalities

Cities, Villages, and Boroughs

Townships

Demographics

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 602,964 people, 238,319 households, and 162,896 families residing within the MSA. The racial makeup of the MSA was 86.88% White, 10.78% African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.45% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.55% from other races, and 1.17% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.70% of the population.

The median income for a household in the MSA was $36,071, and the median income for a family was $44,055. Males had a median income of $35,626 versus $23,186 for females. The per capita income for the MSA was $18,547.

Combined Statistical Area

The Youngstown–Warren Combined Statistical Area is made up of four counties – three in northeast Ohio and one in western Pennsylvania. The statistical area includes one metropolitan area and one micropolitan area. As of the 2000 Census, the CSA had a population of 715,039 (though a July 1, 2009 estimate placed the population at 670,685).[7]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "Ohio: Rise and Fall of the Steel Industry in the Mahoning Valley". (Local Legacies: Celebrating Community Roots - Library of Congress). Retrieved 2014-03-03. 
  2. ^ Christie, Les. "The incredible shrinking city". CNNMoney.com. Retrieved 2004-04-24. 
  3. ^ Linkon, Sherry Lee; John Russo (2002). Steeltown U.S.A: work and memory in Youngstown. Lawrence, Kan.: University Press of Kansas.  
  4. ^ Libecco, Katie (2009-09-19). "Local documentary gathers expert insight". Valley24.com, Entertainment, Local Music, Bands in Youngstown, Warren, Boardman, Austintown, Niles Ohio, Mahoning Valley. Retrieved 2014-03-04. 
  5. ^ "Mahoning Valley Economic Development Corporation - Revitalizing the Mahoning Valley". Retrieved 2014-03-03. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder".  
  7. ^ "Table 2. Annual Estimates of the Population of Combined Statistical Areas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2009 (CBSA-EST2009-02)" ( 

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